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Gold zoomorphic appliqués, possibly representing bulls, 4400–4200 BC, found in 1974 at Varna, Bulgaria
Varna Regional Museum of History
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by Charlie Finch

In 1972, a day laborer stumbled upon a magnificent burial ground in what is now Bulgaria. Carbon testing dated the cemetery at 4500 BC, before the introduction of writing into what is now Eastern Europe. The deceased were buried with their heads all pointing north, although some of the graves held just cenotaphs of bones and other plots were empty of any remains at all.