Dmitri Baltermants (Warsaw, Poland 1912 – 1990) was an acclaimed Soviet photojournalist. Baltermant's father, an officer in the Russian Imperial Army, died in the First World War and soon after Baltermants moved to Moscow with his mother, where he grew up during the perilous days of the Bolshevik Revolution and the Civil War. Baltermants studied mathematics at the Moscow State University in the early 1930s with the intention of becoming a teacher. During this time, however, he became increasingly enamored with photojournalism and began working on small photographic assignments.
While teaching at an artillery school in Moscow, Baltermants was called upon by the Russian newspaper Izvestia, to document the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland. He continued to work for Izvestia, as well as reporting for the Red Army newspaper Na Razgromvraga, until the end of World War II. After the war and until his death in 1990, Baltermants worked as Staff Photographer, Photo Editor and Editorial Board Member for the publication Ogonyok.