Alvin Langdon Coburn (1882-1966) was an amateur photographer until he met Edward Steichen in 1899. Coburn opened a studio in New York City and became a member of the Camera Club. In 1903, Coburn joined with Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen, Clarence White and Gertrude Kasebier to form the Photosecession Group. In 1904, Coburn moved to London where he developed a reputation for photographing the portraits of celebrities. Coburn's portraits were collected and published in the books, Men of Mark (1913) and More Men of Mark (1922). In London, Coburn associated with a group of artists who called themselves Vorticists. In his journal, Blast (1914-15), Lewis attacked the sentimentality of 19th Century art and emphasized the value of violence, energy and the machine. In the visual arts Vorticism was expressed in abstract compositions of bold lines, sharp angles and planes. At this time Coburn began experimenting with what he called vortographs. In the 1920s Coburn became increasingly interested in mysticism. He continued to take photographs until his death.
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