Joan Mitchell  (American, 1925-1992) 

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Joan Mitchell (American, 1925–1992) was bold and inventive painter, and preeminent member of the “second generation” of Abstract Expressionists. Born in Chicago, she attended Smith College and The Art Institute of Chicago before moving to New York in 1950. Influenced by Willem de Kooning (American/Dutch, 1904–1997) and Franz Kline (American, 1910–1962), Mitchell painted striking, animated compositions, but remained somewhat separated from other Abstract Expressionist painters. Mitchell maintained that much of her work was inspired by her reactions to landscapes, rather than by internal emotion and the subconscious, frequently cited as a driving force behind the work of most Abstract Expressionists.

Mitchell’s paintings, though reflective of her external surroundings, were never representational. The artist commented, I do not want to improve [nature]... I certainly never mirror it. I would like more to paint what it leaves me with. In 1959, after several successful but tempestuous years in New York, Mitchell moved to Paris, and would live in France for the rest of her life. After her mother’s death in 1967, she settled in Vétheuil, a town 60 miles outside of Paris and a previous home of Claude Monet (French, 1840–1926). There Mitchell found ample natural phenomena in the lush French landscapes for her works, which grew larger and bolder later in her life. Mitchell had several retrospectives during her lifetime, at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and at the Musée de l’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris. She died of lung cancer in 1992, at 66 years of age.

Find Joan Mitchell artworks for sale worldwide, artworks that sold at auction, a detailed biography, and more information on the artist below.
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Joan Mitchell, Untitled

 

Joan Mitchell
Untitled
1976

Galerie Fabien Boulakia
Joan Mitchell, Sides of a River I

 

Joan Mitchell
Sides of a River I
1981

Mary Ryan Gallery
Joan Mitchell, Trees I

 

Joan Mitchell
Trees I
1992

Mary Ryan Gallery
Joan Mitchell, Sides of a River II

 

Joan Mitchell
Sides of a River II
1981

Mary Ryan Gallery
Joan Mitchell, Sides of a River III

 

Joan Mitchell
Sides of a River III
1981

Mary Ryan Gallery
Joan Mitchell, Trees III

 

Joan Mitchell
Trees III
1992

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
View Details | entire auction
Joan Mitchell, Untitled

 

Joan Mitchell
Untitled
1977

Simon Capstick-Dale Fine Art
Joan Mitchell, Untitled

 

Joan Mitchell
Untitled
1977

Auction: Apr 23, 2014
Fine Art Auctions Miami
View Details | entire auction
Joan Mitchell, Brush 1

 

Joan Mitchell
Brush 1
1981

F.L. Braswell Fine Art
Past auction results (840)  View All
Joan Mitchell, Composition rouge

 

Joan Mitchell
Composition rouge, 1992
lithograph

 

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Joan Mitchell, Sans titre (in 5 parts)

 

Joan Mitchell
Sans titre (in 5 parts), 1989
oil on canvas

 

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Joan Mitchell, Untitled

 

Joan Mitchell
Untitled, 1981
oil on canvas

 

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1925   Born in Chicago, IL on February 12
1942   Received high school diploma from the Francis Parker School in Chicago, IL, USA
1942 - 1944   Attended Smith College, Northampton, MA
1944 - 1947   BFA, The Art Institute of Chicago, IL
1948 - 1949   Traveling fellowship to France, Italy and Spain from The Art Institute of Chicago, IL, USA
1950   MFA, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Attended Columbia University, New York, NY
1955   Moved to France with Canadian-born French painter Jean Paul Riopelle
1992   Died in Paris, France on October 30th
2010   Roaring Fifties, Galerie Thomas Modern, Germany (solo)
2010   Works on Paper, 1956 - 1992, Newcomb Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA (solo)
2009   Drawings, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea (solo)
2009   Sunflowers, Hauser & Wirth, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2008   A Discovery of the New York School, Kunsthalle Emden, Germany; Palazzo Magnani, Reggio Emilia, Italy; Musée des Impressionnismes, Giverny, France (solo)
2008   Sunflowers, Cheim & Read, New York, NY (solo)
2008   Paintings and Pastels 1973–1983, Lennon, Weinberg, Inc., New York, NY (solo)
2007   Works on Paper 1956–1992, Cheim & Read, New York, NY (solo)
2007   Leaving America, Hauser & Wirth, London, England (solo)
2006   DeYoung Museum, San Francisco, CA, (solo)
2006   A Survey 1952–1992, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea (solo)
2005   Prints from the Foundation, Susan Sheehan Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2005   Frémicourt Paintings 1960–62, Cheim & Read, New York, NY (solo)
2005   Joan Mitchell Sketchbook 1941–51, Francis M. Naumann, New York, NY (solo)
2005   The 1946–1952 Sketchbook Drawings and Related Works, Pollock Gallery, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA (solo)
2005   Hiroshima Museum of Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Matuszakaya Museum, Nagoya, Japan.
Manny Silverman Gallery, Group Exhibition, Los Angeles, CA
Cheim & Read, New York, Fremicourt Paintings 1960-62,
Nagano Tokyu, Nagano, Japan
2004   The Paintings of Joan Mitchell, Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX; The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC (solo)
2003 - 2004   The Phillips Collection, Washington DC,
Tibor de Nagy, Working with Poets
Lennon, Weinberg, Joan Mitchell: Petit
2002   Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX
Cheim & Read, New York, NY
The Paintings of Joan Mitchell, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
1998   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1997   Selected Paintings, Lennon-Weinberg, New York, NY
Abstract Expressionism in the United States, Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo Mexico City, Mexico
1996   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Group Exhibition, Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1995   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1994   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Les derniéres années, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
1993   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Joan Mitchell Prints and Illustated Books: A Retrospective, Susan Sheehan Gallery New York, NY
1992   Joan Mitchell Pastels, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1991   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
1990   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1989   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1988 - 1989   San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA, USA; Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY; La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, CA, USA (solo)
1987   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1984   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1983   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
1982   American Artists Abroad, 1900-1950, Washburn Gallery, New York, NY
Choix des peintures 1970-1982, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
1980   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1978   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
Ruth Shcaffner Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA (solo)
1976   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1975   Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1974   Whitney Museum of American Art New York, NY (solo)
1973   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
Ruth Shcaffner Gallery, Santa Barbara, CA (solo)
1972   Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Joan Mitchell, My Five Years in the Country, Everson museum of Art, Syracuse, NY
1971   Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
Younger Abstract Expressionists of the Fifties, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1969   Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1968   Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1967   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
Galerie Jean Fournier & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1965   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1962   Paintings by Joan Mitchell, The New Gallery, Hayden Library, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA (solo)
1961   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Joan Mitchell Paintings 1951-61, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL (solo)
Group Show, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
1960   Gallery Neufville, Paris, France
1959   Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
1953 - 1958   Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Nature in Abstraction, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1957   Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
The Art Institute of Chicago, IL
1956 - 1957   Group Show, The Museum of Modern, Art, New York, NY
1953 - 1957   The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
New York Painting and Sculptural Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY
1956   Group Show, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Four Younger Americans: Paul Brach, MIchael Goldberg, Robert Goodnough, Joan Mitchell, Sidney Janice Gallery, New York, NY
1955   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
Vanguard 1955: A Painter's Selection of New American Painting, Walker Art Center Minneapolis, MN
1953   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1951   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
The Whitney Museum of American Art Annuals and Biennials, New York, NY
New Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
New York Painting and Sculptural Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY
1950   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Saint Paul Gallery, St. Paul, MN(solo)
Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Urbana, USA
1949   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1947   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1944   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL