Giorgio de Chirico  (Italian, 1888-1978) 

Giorgio De Chirico (Italian, July 10, 1888–November 20, 1978) was a notable Surrealist painter and graphic artist who founded the Metaphysical Art movement. He was born in Volos, a coastal city of Thessaly, and was encouraged by his father from a young age to cultivate a passion for art. In 1906, De Chirico enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. Once he moved to Germany, De Chirico exposed himself to the latest philosophical, literary, and artistic culture. He read authors such as Arthur Schopenhauer, Otto Weininger, and Friedrich Nietzsche while also studying the art of Arnold Böcklin (Swiss, 1827–1901) and Max Klinger (German, 1857–1920). These influences helped De Chirico develop his style after he moved back to Italy in 1908, where he created the first painting associated with the Metaphysical Art Movement: Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon.

In July 1911, De Chirico traveled to Paris, where his artistic career blossomed. He was able to gain a connection, through his brother, with Pierre Laprande, a jury member at the Salon d'Automne. During this time, he exhibited three works at the Salon d'Automne: Enigma of an Afternoon, Self Portrait, and Enigma of the Oracle, which even gained the interest of Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973). De Chirico's fame stemmed from the Surrealist qualities inherent in his works. The cityscapes were treated not as bustling urban areas, but as the eerily empty scenes encountered in dreams, with the potential of symbolic meaning. De Chirico also favored the depiction of Italian architecture with its broad archways and piazzas. However, he disapproved of the formal innovations of Modern Art and instead opted for a realism that allowed simple, straightforward representation. After the start of the First World War, the artist attempted to enlist in the Italian army but was labeled as "unfit" for work. Instead, he moved to Rome and continued his life as an outspoken painter against Modern Art, eventually writing an article in the magazine Valori Plastici called "The Return of Craftsmanship." The article supports his love of Classicism and the style of the Old Masters such as Raphaël (Italian, 1483–1520).

In 1929, De Chirico published the novel Hebdòmeros, the Metaphysician. Twenty years later, the artist bought a house with his second wife Isabella Pakszwer Far near the Spanish Steps in Rome, which later became a museum for his works. He managed to remain productive up until the 1970s. He was elected to the French Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1974, and died in Rome on November 20, 1978.

Find Giorgio de Chirico artworks for sale worldwide, artworks that sold at auction, a detailed biography, and more information on the artist below.
envelope Get email alerts about this artist!  
Artworks for sale (17)
In Art Galleries (18)
Dealers selling (20)
Dealers Buying (1)

Sold Artworks
In Past Auctions (3617)

Auctions (2)
Art Fairs (1)

artnet Magazine
Articles (32)

More Information
artnet Analytics Reports
Market Reports
* paid service

Artworks for sale (17)

View All   

Giorgio de Chirico, Cavalli presso un lago


Giorgio de Chirico
Cavalli presso un lago

Art 45 ltd
Giorgio de Chirico, Katalog: Giorgio de Chirico


Giorgio de Chirico
Katalog: Giorgio de Chirico

Galerie Michael Haas
Giorgio de Chirico, Katalog: Giorgio de Chirico 'Selfportrait'


Giorgio de Chirico
Katalog: Giorgio de Chirico 'Selfportrait'

Galerie Michael Haas
Giorgio de Chirico, Il Grande Trovatore


Giorgio de Chirico
Il Grande Trovatore
J & G Art
Giorgio de Chirico, Cavallo e zebra


Giorgio de Chirico
Cavallo e zebra

Ars Docet
Giorgio de Chirico, Bagnante Seduta (Bather Sitting)


Giorgio de Chirico
Bagnante Seduta (Bather Sitting)

Masterworks Fine Art Gallery
Giorgio de Chirico, Manichino


Giorgio de Chirico

Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Giorgio de Chirico, Gli archeologi (Die Archäologen)


Giorgio de Chirico
Gli archeologi (Die Archäologen)

Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Giorgio de Chirico, Interno metafisico


Giorgio de Chirico
Interno metafisico

Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Past auction results (3617)  View All
Giorgio de Chirico, Ippolito


Giorgio de Chirico
Ippolito, 1947-1948
pencil on paper


View Details
Giorgio de Chirico, I cavalli mediterranei


Giorgio de Chirico
I cavalli mediterranei, 1970
color lithograph


View Details
Giorgio de Chirico, Le muse


Giorgio de Chirico
Le muse, 1974
mixed media on paper


View Details

1888   Born: in Volos, Greece
1900   Began studies at the Athens Polytechnic Institute, Athens, Greece
1906 - 1909   Studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, Germany
1911 - 1915   Lived in Paris, France
1979   Died: in Rome, Italy
2013 - 2014   De Chirico / Warhol. Self-Portraits, Galerie Andrea Caratsch, St. Moritz, Switzerland
2012   Giorgio de Chirico. Selbstporträts, Galerie Michael Haas, Berlin, Germany
2010   Nature According to De Chirico, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, Italy (solo)
Palazzo Strozzi, Florence, Italy
2009   Giorgio de Chirico. La fabrique des rêves, Musée d’Art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
2008   A Metaphysical Journey, Galerie Andrea Caratsch, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2007   De Chirico, Palazzo Zabarella, Padua, Italy (solo)
2002 - 2003   Giorgia de Chirico and the Myth of Ariadne, Philidelphia Museum of Art, Philidelphia, PA (solo)
1998 - 1999   De Chirico gli anni Trenta, Galleria Dello Scudo, Verona, Italy (solo)
1994   De Chirico and the Surrealists, Paolo Baldacci Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1984   Robert Miller Gallery, New York, NY
1982   Works, Gallery Medusa, Rome, Italy
1975   Musée Marmottan, Paris, France
1974   Academy des Beaux Arts, Paris, France
1972   Cultural Centre, New York, NY
1970   Retrospective, Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy (solo)
Sculptures, Gallery Medusa, Rome, Italy
1966   Omaggio a de Chirico, Gallery Medusa, Rome, Italy (solo)
1955   Musuem of Modern Art, New York, NY
1949   Royal Society of British Artists, London, UK
1928   Valentine Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Arthur Tooth Gallery, London, UK (solo)
1927   Galerie Paul Guillaume, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, France (solo)
1926   Galerie Paul Guillaume, Paris, France (solo)
1925   Galerie l'Effort Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
1924   Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1921   Galleria Arte, Milan, Italy (solo)
1918 - 1919   The Casa d'Arte Bragaglia, Rome, Italy (solo)
1914   Salon des Independants, Paris, France
1913   Salon des Independants, Paris, France
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
1912   Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
  Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
Tate Gallery, London, UK