Constantin Brancusi  (Romanian, 1876-1957) 

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Sculptor Constantin Brancusi (Romanian, 1876–1957) is best known for the uniquely reductive, Modernist visual vocabulary he used in sculptures to depict a wide variety of subjects, such as fish, birds, and couples kissing. Born in Hobitza, Romania, Brancusi studied art in his native country as a youth, before leaving for Paris in 1904 to continue his education at the École des Beaux-Arts. There he was invited to work with famed sculptor Auguste Rodin (French, 1840–1917), but declined the offer and decided to work on his own, preferring to use the most reduced forms possible in his sculptures, as opposed the overtly worked exteriors of Rodin’s pieces. In both marble and wood, Brancusi devoted himself to depicting the essence of his subjects through only the most fundamental forms, using ovoid and elliptical shapes to evoke movement, repose, and spiritual qualities. During his mature career Brancusi befriended several of the leading avant-garde artists living in Paris at the time, and began to exhibit his work in Paris, Bucharest, and New York—most famously in the controversial 1913 Armory Show at artist and dealer Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery, 291. In addition to working with marble, Brancusi created several works in wood, which often took the form of specific personages, unlike his marble works. Later in life he traveled throughout Europe, India, and Asia before returning to Paris, where he continued to work until his death in 1957. Brancusi’s work is in the collections of major institutions around the world, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Art Museum of Chicago, the Tate Modern in London, the Centre Pompidou in Paris, and the Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio di Janeiro.

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Constantin Brancusi, Self-Portrait (Brancusi Dans L'Atelier)

 

Constantin Brancusi
Self-Portrait (Brancusi Dans L'Atelier)
circa 1920

Bruce Silverstein
Constantin Brancusi, Prometheus, c. 1926-29

 

Constantin Brancusi
Prometheus, c. 1926-29
Bruce Silverstein
Constantin Brancusi, View of the Studio: Chimera with New Born, c.1921

 

Constantin Brancusi
View of the Studio: Chimera with New Born, c.1921
Bruce Silverstein
Constantin Brancusi, La Priere

 

Constantin Brancusi
La Priere
1921

Amy Wolf Fine Art
Constantin Brancusi, BARONESS R.F.

 

Constantin Brancusi
BARONESS R.F.
Amy Wolf Fine Art
Constantin Brancusi, Leda

 

Constantin Brancusi
Leda
circa 1921

Bruce Silverstein
Constantin Brancusi, Bird in Space

 

Constantin Brancusi
Bird in Space
circa 1936

Bruce Silverstein
Constantin Brancusi, Prometheus

 

Constantin Brancusi
Prometheus
circa 1926-1927

Bruce Silverstein
 
Past auction results (365)  View All
Constantin Brancusi, Endless Column in Steichen's Garden at Voulangis

 

Constantin Brancusi
Endless Column in Steichen's Garden at Voulangis, 1923
gelatin silver print

 

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Constantin Brancusi, View of the Studio, The Sorceress, The Kiss and The Chief

 

Constantin Brancusi
View of the Studio, The Sorceress, The Kiss and The Chief, 1925
gelatin silver print

 

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Constantin Brancusi, Étude pour la prière (study)

 

Constantin Brancusi
Étude pour la prière (study), 1907
bronze

 

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1876   Born February 19th in Hobitza, Romania
1894 - 1898   Studied art at the Scoala de Meserii in Craiova
1898 - 1902   Attended the Scoala Natzionala de Art Frumoase in Bucharest
1905   Enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, France
1913   Five of Brancusi’s sculptures included in the Armory Show in New York
1914   Represented by Alfred Stieglitz’s gallery “291” in New York
1926   Exhibited solo shows in Wildenstein and the Brummer Gallery in New York
1928   U.S. court determines “Bird in Space” a work of art and exempt from taxing by U.S. Customs
1935   Commissioned by the maharajah Jaswant Rao Holkar II of Indore to build a Temple of Deliverance in the ground of his palace in India
1938   Inauguration of the Tirgu-Jiu Complex in Romania – Brancusi’s only completed monumental complex
1957   Died March 6th in Paris, France
2006   Sept. 1 - Nov. 12, "Constantin Brancusi Photographer", National Museum of Art in Bucharest
2004   Jan. 29 - May 23, "Constantin Brancusi, The Essence of Things", Tate Modern, London
2004   June 11 - Sept. 19, "Constantin Bracnusi, The Essence of Things". Solomon R. Gugghenheim Museum
1995   April 14 - Aug. 21, "Constantin Brancusi, 1876-1957", Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1914   March 12 - April 1, "Constantin Brancusi", Little Galleries of Photo-Secession, NY