Johan Barthold Jongkind Catalogue
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Johan Barthold Jongkind
Chronology
1819
Born in Lattrop, province of Overyssel, Netherlands.
 
Spends childhood and youth near Rotterdam.
 
1836
Pupil at the Drawing Academy in The Hague, where he studies with Andreas Schelfhout.
 
1838-1844
Lives in The Hague. Obtains a grant.
 
1845
Arrives in Paris to enter the studio of Eugene Isabey.
 
1846-1854
Jongkind’s first atelier, Place Pigalle. First trip to Normandy and Brittany. Returns to The Netherlands.
Exhibits at the Paris Salon (1852-1853). Leads a somber and dissolute life, in poverty.
 
1855-1860
Returns to The Netherlands where he lives in a deep loneliness. Spends a few months in Paris in 1857, where he meets Gustave Courbet.
 
1860
His friends organize a big sale of works by Corot, Daubigny, Isabey, Rousseau, etc... for his profit which allows him to return to Paris. Meets Joséphine Fesser, painter herself, who will become his companion.
 
1861
Settles in the Rue de Chevreuse. Many visits to Normandy and the Nivernais.
 
1862
First meeting with Claude Monet in Sainte-Adresse.
 
1863
Exhibits at the Salon des Refusés with Manet, Fantin-Latour, Whistler, Cézanne.
 
1864
Second meeting with Claude Monet in Honfleur. Remembering this sojourn, Monet will later say: "c’est à lui que je dois l’éducation de mon oeil."
 
1865-1867
Trips to Honfleur, Nevers, Belgium and The Netherlands.
 
1870
Leaves Paris besieged by the Germans and escapes to Nevers with Mrs Fesser: makes many watercolours of Nevers from his window.
 
1871
Returns to Paris in March. Paints mainly views of The Netherlands, scenes of Paris’ streets and suburbs. Spends September in Nevers.
 
1872
Summer in the Nivernais.
 
1873
Exhibits at the Salon des Refusés.
First stay in Pupetière (Dauphiné) where Mrs. Fessers’ son, Jules, is employed. Sojourns to South, Avignon and Marseilles and to the Nivernais.
 
1874-1875
Spends the summer in Nevers, Pupetière, Lyon, Saint-Parize-le-Chatel, Geneva and Nyon.
 
1876
His health declining, he paints less; mainly views of Paris and Pupetière.
 
1877
Spends several months in Dauphiné where he makes many watercolours. Some views of the Netherlands.
 
1878
Settles progressively in the Fesser’s house at La Côte Saint André with the Fesser family. Shorter stays in Paris.
 
1880
Travels to the South of France.
 
1881
Shares his time between La Côte Saint André and Paris. Several views of Marseille and Toulon after the sketches of the year before.
 
1882
Exhibits in the Gallery of Paul Détrimont, rue Laffitte. Obtains a great success.
 
1883
Successful sale at the Hotel Drouot of the Bascle’s collection; it included 83 paintings and 21 watercolours by Jongking.
 
1884
Series of watercolours of Grenoble, La Côte Saint André and the area.
 
1887
Longer stay in Paris.
 
1889
Important sight troubles.
 
1890
Decline of his physical state. Old paranoiac ideas return. Executes several paintings and watercolours.
 
1891
Dies on February 9 at age seventy two, at La Côte Saint André. His companion, Madame Joséphine Fesser dies on November 23 of the same year.
 
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