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by Jerry Saltz
While a large segment of the art world has obsessed over a tiny number of stars and their prices, an esthetic shift has been occurring. Itís not a movement -- movements are more sure of themselves. Itís a change of mood or expectation, a desire for art to be more than showy effects, big numbers and gamesmanship. Itís a shift from theatricality to actual drama, from art about selling art to an art thatís serious and ironic at the same time, eager for audiences but not slick and accessorized. Some of it is really good; some already looks like neo-Romantic dreck.

"After Nature" zeroes in on this shift. Itís a dark ode about the human raceís running out of time, life gone wrong, nature out of control. We see kudzu enveloping buildings, amputees being bathed by the able-bodied and a full-scale replica of Unabomber Ted Kaczynskiís shack. Werner Herzogís film of Kuwaiti oil fields set afire is a glimpse into the abyss; Huma Bhabhaís giant head is dying god and emerging monster.

"After Nature" is a somber, serious, cerebral show. Maybe excessively so. Its curator, Massimiliano Gioni, has used the late W. G. Sebaldís lugubrious book of the same title as a narrative platform. Sebaldís story deals with doomed 18th-century Arctic explorers, suffering and tragedy. It oozes melancholy, as does Gioniís catalogue essay about "a land of wilderness and ruins that exists in an imaginary time zone suspended between a remote past and a not-so-distant future" and a "world devoid of humans." Yikes.

Perhaps Gioni waxes romantic because the artists in "After Nature" depict public and private hells. The emblem for the show may be Klara Lidenís dark alcove with its upside-down spinning model of the New Museum overhead and a video of the artist moonwalking through the city at night. This work demands concentration, exudes enigma and transports you to a living limbo.

Each level is distinct. The artists on the fourth floor, for example, form an extraordinary abstract rebus of Goyaís bloodcurdling etching of mutilated corpses hung from barren trees. Here, Zoe Leonardís tree supported by crutches and cables stands in for Goyaís gnarled trunk; the contorted figures in Roger Ballenís photos become Goyaís butchered bodies; Maurizio Cattelanís stuffed horse with its head stuck into the wall is simultaneously viewer, victim and allegory.

In fact, "After Nature" is so tightly scripted and grounded in humanistic liberalism that individual pieces begin to read less as artworks than as text. Everything becomes subservient to the narrative. And as well plumbed as that narrative is, it doesnít negate the fact that some of the artworks are weak. Leonardís tree is great as part of an overall picture, but it isnít very interesting on its own. If you donít know what the Kaczynski reconstruction is, itís just a shack. I also missed some artists farther below the art-world radar who might have fit into the show. For example, in the early Ď90s, Laura Stein grafted living cacti together into Frankensteinian creatures; recently, sheís reportedly taught a macaw to take photographs. After nature, indeed.

In other words, Gioni has expertly orchestrated a hymn of minor chords. However, as Brian Eno observed, "you can make major chords sound sad, but you can never make minor chords sound happy." As complex, thoughtful, and inventive as "After Nature" is, it lacks paradox.

Nevertheless, itís thrilling to see an excellent curator at a New York museum boldly tackle a large themed survey -- to identify a trend, and not be trendy.

"After Nature," July 17-Sept. 21, 2008, at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, 235 Bowery, New York, N.Y. 10002

JERRY SALTZ is senior art critic for New York Magazine, where this article first appeared. He can be reached at