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Ian Hamilton Finlay    (British, 1925)




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Biography
1925 Born in Nassau, Bahamas. Moved to Glasgow, Scotland as a child
1950 Moved to Edinburgh
1961 Founded The Wild Hawthorn Press with Jessie McGuffie
1962 Founded the periodical ‘Poor. Old. Tired. Horse.’offset at the Wild Hawthorn Press.
1966 Moved to Stonypath in the Southern Uplands of Scotland, where he immediately set about creating the world-famous garden ‘Little Sparta’
1979 - 1984 Founded the Saint – Just Vigilantes and planned and took part in the First Battle of Little Sparta, February 4, 1983 (between Strathclyde Region and Little Sparta)
1985 Shortlisted for the Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London
1987 Awarded Honorary Doctorate by the University of Aberdeen
1993 Awarded Honorary Doctorate from the Heriot-Watt University, Glasgow
1999 Awarded honorary professorship from the University of Dundee
2003 Awarded CBE in New Year’s Honors
2003 Awarded Scottish Horticultural Medal by the Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society
2003 Scottish Arts Council Creative Scotland Award
2006 Died, Lanark, Scotland

Exhibitions
2008 Neoclassicism – A Noble Arrow, Nolan Judin Berlin (solo)
2008 Conversations, Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge, UK
2007 Ian Hamilton Finlay & Cerith Wyn Evans, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh
2007 The Sonnet is a Sewing-Machine for the Monostich, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
2006 Tate Triennial, Tate Britain, London
2006 Certain Trees: The Constructed Book, Poem and Object 1964-2006, Centre des Livres D’Artistes, Saint-Yrieix-La-Perche
2006 Word Power: Concrete Poetry and it’s Influences, Peacock Visual Arts, Aberdeen & the Changing Room, Stirling
2006 How to Change the World: 60 Years of British Art, Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery, London
2005 Down the Garden Path: The Artist's Garden After Modernism, Queens Museum of Art, New York
2005 Edition, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh
2005 Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2005 Sentences, Inverleith House, Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh (solo)
2005 L’Idylle des Cerises, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
2005 Early Works from the Wild Hawthorne Press, 1964-1971, National Scottish Poetry Library, Edinburgh (solo)
2005 Of Conceits and Collaborators, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh (solo)
2004 Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2004 Works on Paper, 1968-2000, UBS Gallery, New York (solo)
2004 Vessels, The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago (solo)
2004 Art and the Garden, Tate Britain, London
2004 Bang, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York
2003 Idylls and Interventions, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
2002 Maritime Works, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, England; Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2002 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
2001 Souvenirs & Postcards by Ian Hamilton Finlay, The Scottish National Gallery of Art, Edinburgh (solo)
2001 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Stampa, Basel (solo)
2000 Garden Works, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
2000 Souvenirs, Städtische Galerie Grevenbroich im Haus Hartmann, Grevenbroich, Germany (solo)
2000 Ian Hamilton Finlay/Richard Tuttle, Stampa, Basel (solo)
2000 Nature Over Again After Poussin, McMaster Museum of Art, Hamilton (solo)
2000 Encounters, National Gallery, London
1999 Heads Will Roll, Victoria Miro Gallery, London
1999 Musee d’Art Contemporain de Montreal, Montreal
1999 La Biennale de Montreal, Centre International d’Art, Montreal
1999 Variation on Several Themes, Joan Miro Foundation, Barcelona (solo)
1998 Modern Antiquities, Landesmuseum, Mainz, Germany (solo)
1998 Les Capteurs de Rives, 1st Biennale de Montreal, commissaire; Claude Gosselin, Montreal
1997 Material Culture, Hayward Gallery, London
1997 Grenzgänger, Deutscher Sparkassen Verlag, Stuttgart
1997 The Pleasure of Reading, John Gibson Gallery, New York
1997 Wortwechsel, Künstlerwerkstatt Lothringer Str., Munich
1997 Prints, 1963-1997 (traveling exhibition), Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund (solo)
1997 Stadsgalerij, Heerlen, Netherlands (solo)
1997 Galerie Stadtpark, Krems, Austria (solo)
1997 Buro Sophia Ungers, Cologne (solo)
1997 Wild Hawthorne Press, Academie Beelende Kunsten, Maastricht (solo)
1996 Reef-Points, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
1996 Grains of Salt, Oriel Mostyn, Llandudno, Wales (solo)
1996 Galerie Stampa, Zurich
1996 Schwere-Los-Skulpturen, Landesmuseum Linz
1996 Public Works, Peninsula & Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
1995 Wege der Birke, Bern
1995 Where is Abel, Thy Brother? The Zacheta Gallery, Warsaw
1995 Lesen im Buch der Kunst, Library of Baden, Karlsruhe
1995 The Green Room, Sydney Gardens, Bath
1995 Paperworks, Stampa, Basel (solo)
1995 Works: Pure and Political, Deichtorhalle, Hamburg (solo)
1995 70th Birthday Show, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1995 Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge (solo)
1994 Streiflichter: Fragments from the French Revolution, Nolan/Eckman Gallery, New York (solo)
1994 3 Sailboats, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1994 Icons and Proposals, Laumeire Sculpture Park and Museum, St. Louis (solo)
1994 Das Jahrhundert des Multiple, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg
1994 East of Eden, Museum Schloss Mosigkau, Dessau-Mosigkau, Germany
1994 Translokation, Haus der Architektur, Graz
1993 CAYC, Buenos Aires (solo)
1993 Tate Gallery, London (solo)
1993 Wildwachsende Blumen, Lenbachhaus, Munich (solo)
1993 The Sonnet is a Sewing Machine for the Monositch, Crawford Arts Centre, St. Andrews (solo)
1993 12/1794, Galerie Busche, Berlin (solo)
1993 Inscriptions, Massimo Minini Gallery, Brescia (solo)
1993 A Proposal for the Leasowes and Other Works, MBC Dudley, England (solo)
1993 Konfrontation, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna
1993 Die Sprache der Kunst, Kunsthalle Wien, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt
1993 Skultur statt Denkmal, Galerie Fricke, Düsseldorf
1993 Words, Galerie Sfeir-Semler at the Galerie Jergen Becker, Hamburg
1992 Three British Book Artists', Mandeville Gallery, Univ. of California, San Diego
1992 Force Sight, Schloss Presteneck, Neuenstadt, Stein am Kocher, Germany
1992 Lux Eurpoae, Lux Europae Trust, Edinburgh
1992 Verzmelde Werken, Centrum Beeldende Kunst, Groningen, Netherlands
1992 Instruments of the Revolution and Other Works, Institute of Contemporary Art, London (solo)
1992 City Art Gallery, Leeds (solo)
1992 10 Maquettes for Neo-Classical Structures, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1991 Ideologische Äusserungen, Kunstverein Frankfurt, Frankfurt (solo)
1991 Gallery Stadtpark, Krems, Austria (solo)
1991 Tate Gallery, Liverpool (solo)
1991 Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (solo)
1991 Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia (solo)
1991 Gulfs and Wars, Kunstverein Friedrichshafen (solo)
1991 Malerisamling Lillehammer, Lillehammer (solo)
1991 Pastorales, Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lübeck, Germany (solo)
1991 Definitions, Galerie Sfeir-Semler, Kiel, Germany (solo)
1991 The Poor Fisherman, Talbot Rice Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1991 Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (solo)
1991 Ian Hamilton Finlay & The Wild Hawthorne Press, Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1991 A Wartime Garden, Galleria Victoria Miro, Florence (solo)
1991 Rhetorical Image, The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York Metropolis, Berlin
1991 Night Lines, Centraalmuseum, Utrecht
1991 Virtual Realities, Traveling Gallery Exhibition, Scotland
1990 Von der Natur in der Kunst, Messepalast, Vienna
1990 Allegorie, Galerie Sfeir-Demmle, Kiel
1990 Glasgow’s Great British Art Exhibition, Messepalast Halle E, Vienna
1990 Poesis, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh
1990 British Art Now: A Subjective View, Stagaya Art Museum, Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
1990 Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland (solo)
1990 Galerie Schedle & Arpagas, Zurich (solo)
1990 ACTA & Galleria, Milano (solo)
1990 Stampa, Basel (solo)
1990 Christine Burgin, New York (solo)
1990 Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen, Bachem (solo)
1990 Idylls, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1990 The Ocean and the Revolution, Burnett Miller Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
1990 Ian Hamilton Finlay & the Wild Hawthorne Press 1958-1990, Firth Street Gallery, London (solo)
1990 Holzwege, Neuer Aachener Kunstverein, Aachen (solo)
1990 A Wartime Garden, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1989 1789-1794, Kunsthalle Hamburg (solo)
1989 Galerie Wernicke, Stuttgart (solo)
1989 Städtische Galerie am Markt, Schwäbisch-Hall (solo)
1989 Paperworks, Galerie Hubert Winter, Vienna (solo)
1989 Works, Butler Gallery, Kilkenny Castle (solo)
1989 Bicentenary Celebrations, Kellie Lodging Gallery, Pittenween (solo)
1989 Prospect 89, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt
1989 2000 Jahre-Die Gegenwart der Vergangenheit, Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn
1989 Hier Wird Getanzt, XPO Galerie, Hamburg
1989 British Sculpture 1960-1988, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerpt
1989 Bühnen-Stücke, Kunstverein, Munich
1989 Freiheit-Gleichheit-Brüderlichkeit, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg; Stampa, Basel
1988 Musee d’Art Contemporain, Dunkerque, France (solo)
1988 An Exhibition on Two Themes, Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen/Bachem, Germany (solo)
1988 Michael Klein Gallery, New York (solo)
1988 Starlit Waters: British Sculpture 1968-88, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
1988 Saturne en Europe, Musee de la Ville de Strasbourg
1988 Triennale Milano
1988 Pyramiden, Galerie Jule Kewenig, Frechen/Bachem
1988 Art in the Garden, Garden Festival, Glasgow
1988 Camouflage, Curt Marcus Gallery, New York
1988 Brittannica: 30 Ans de Sculpture, Le Havre
1988 Skulpturen Republik, exhibition of the Vienna Festival, Vienna
1987 Documenta 8, Kassel
1987 The Unpainted Landscape, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
1987 Inter Artes et Naturam, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (solo)
1987 Foundation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, Jouy-en-Josas (solo)
1987 Midway, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris (solo)
1987 Pastorales, Galerie Claire Burrus, Paris (solo)
1987 Poursuites Revolutionnaires, Foundation Cartier pour l’Art, Jouy-en-Josas (solo)
1987 Homage to Ian Hamilton Finlay, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1987 Monument to Feuerbach, Summer Exhibition, Antwerp
1987 Aphrodite of Terror, Edinburgh International Exhibition
1986 L’Art et le Sacre Aujourd’hui, Cistercian Abbey, L’Epau
1986 Between Object and Image, Madrid and Barcelona
1986 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen, Scotland (solo)
1986 Marat Assasine and Other Works, Victoria Miro Gallery, London (solo)
1985 Bluecoat Gallery, Liverpool (solo)
1985 Eric Fabre Galerie, Paris (solo)
1985 Little Sparta and Kriegsschatz, Espace Romeau-Chapelle Sainte-Marie, Nevers (solo)
1985 Promenades, Parc Lullin, Geneva
1985 British Council Exhibition, Sydney, Australia
1984 Merian Park, Basel
1984 Talismans and Signifiers, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1984 Liberty, Terror and Virtue, City Art Gallery, Southampton (solo)
1984 Print Gallery, Peter Brattinga, Amsterdam (solo)
1983 Hayward Gallery, London
1981 Unnatural Pebbles, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1980 Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Otterlo (solo)
1980 Nature Over Again After Poussin, Collins Exhibition Hall, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (solo)
1980 Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1977 Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1977 Serpentine Gallery, London (solo)
1977 Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge (solo)
1977 Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Battersea Park, London
1976 Coracle Press, London (solo)
1976 Homage to Watteau, Graeme Murray Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1976 City Art Gallery, Southampton (solo)
1974 National Maritime Museum, London (solo)
1972 Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh (solo)
1971 Winchester College of Art (solo)
1970 Ceolfrith Bookshop Gallery, Sunderland (solo)
1969 Pittencreiff House, Dunfermline (solo)
1969 Demarco Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1968 Axiom Gallery, London (solo)
1980 Kroller-Muller Sculpture Garden, Otterlo
1979 British Embassy, Bonn
1978 Bell’s Garden, Perth
1976 University of Liege, Liege
1975 Garden of the Max Planck Institut, Stuttgart
1975 Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh
Selected Permanent Installations
2004 St. Mary Axe, City of London
2004 Fleur de l’Air, garden in Provence, France
2001 Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, The Dean Gallery, Edinburgh
2000 Wallraff- Richartz Museum, Cologne
2000 Schonthal Monestry, Switzerland
2000 Patumbah Park, Switzerland
2000 Hamilton, Scotland
1999 Bundesarbeitsgericht, Erfurt, Germany
1999 Private garden, Zurich, Lauffen, Basel, Switzerland
1999 BUGA, Magdeberg, Germany
1999 Barcelona, Spain
1999 Park am Goetheturm im GruGurtel, Frankfurt, Germany
1999 Montreal, Canada
1999 Dienstgebaude fur den Generalbundesanwalt beim
1999 Bundesgerichtshof, Karlsruhe, Germany
1999 Ponte Vedra, Spain
1999 Shell Research, Thorton Research Centre, England
1998 Serpentine Gallery, London
1998 The Ark, London
1998 Den Haag, the Netherlands
1997 Hunter Square, Edinburgh
1997 Kunsthalle, Hambourg
1996 Botanic Garden University of Durham
1995 Landesgartenschau, Grevenbroich
1994 The Gyle, Shopping Centre, Edinburgh
1994 Schröder Münchmeyer Hengst & Co. Bank, Frankfurt/Main
1994 Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis
1993 Beelden op de Berg, Belmonte Arboretum, Wageningen, Netherlands
1992 Shenstone’s Leasowes, Dudley, England
1992 Floiadepark, Zoetermeer, Netherlands
1991 Stockwood Park Nurseries in the Borough of Luton, England
1991 Library of Baden, Karlsruhe, Germany
1991 Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lubeck
1990 Private Library of the German architect Ungers, Cologne
1990 12th & K Office Tower, Sacramento, California
1990 Railway Bridge, Glasgow, Scotland
1989 Harris Museum and Art Gallery, Preston, England
1989 Forest of Dean, England
1988 Museum of Modern Art, Strasbourg
1987 Skulptur Projekt, Munster
1987 Campus of the University of California, San Diego
1987 Furka Pass, Switzerland
1987 West Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh
1986 Domaine de Kerguehennec, Brittany
1986 Schweizergarten, Vienna
1986 Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
1984 Celle, Garden of Giuliano Gori (Near Florence)

Literature
2007 Ian Hamilton Finlay: Remembrance, Professor Stephen Bann, Wild Hawthorn Press, Little Sparta, Victoria Miro Gallery
2004 Fleur de l’Air – A Garden in Provence, Ian Hamilton Finlay and Pia Simig, Wild Hawthorn Press
2004 Art of the Garden – The Garden in British Art 1800 to the Present Day, Tate Publishing
2003 Little Sparta – The Garden of Ian Hamilton Finlay, Jessie Sheeler, photographs by Andrew Lawson, Frances Lincoln Ltd
2002 Ian Hamilton Finlay – Maritime Works, Tate St.Ives, Cornwall
2000 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Concrete Poetry, Galeria Bielska BWA, Bielsko-Biala, Poland
1998 Ian Hamilton Finlay: A Proposal for the Grounds of the Serpentine Gallery, Little Sparta, Wild Hawthorn Press
1997 Ian Hamilton Finlay: Prints 1963 – 1997, PAHLKE, Rosemarie E., SIMIG, Pia, ed. Museum am Ostwall Dortmund, Statsgalerij Heerlen and Galerie Stadtpark Krems, Cantz Verlag
1995 Ian Hamilton Finlay: Works in Europe 1972-1995 Werke in Europa, , HUNT, John Dixon, GILONIS, Harry, -SIMIG, Pia, ed, Ostfildern, Cantz Verlag
1995 Wood Notes Wild - Essays on the Poetry and Art of Ian Hamilton Finlay, edited by Alec Finlay , Paragon, Edinburgh
1994 A Posse of Two: Lorine Niedecker and Ian Hamilton Finlay, Chapman
1993 Niedecker and the Correspondence with Zukofsky, 1931-1970. Penberthy, Jenny, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
1993 The Visible Language of Modernism, McGann, Jerome J., Black Riders Princeton, Princeton University Press
1992 Ian Hamilton Finlay: A Visual Primer. Yves Abrioux, introduction and commentaries, Stephen Bann. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
1992 POIESIS: Aspects of Contemporary Poetic Activity, Graeme Murray, Ed, The Fruit Market Gallery, Edinburgh
1991 EVENING WILL COME THEY WILL SEW THE BLUE SAIL, Ian Hamilton Finlay & the Wild Hawthorn Press 1958-1991, Edwin Morgan and Graeme Murray Ed, The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh
1991 Ian Hamilton Finlay: Poet of the Woodland, Krem, Galerie Stadtpark und Autoren
1991 Ezra Pound and the Monument of Culture: Text, History, and the Malatesta Cantos. Lawrence S., Chicago: University of Chicago Press
1991 Philosophical Fragments Schlegel, Friedrich, Trans. Peter Firchow. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press
1989 Nelson, Cary, Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory 1910-1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press
1988 The Theory of Literature in German Romanticism. Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe, and Nancy, Jean-Luc, Trans. Philip Barnard and Cheryl Lester. Albany: State University of New York Press
1987 Inter Artes et Naturam, Finlay, Ian Hamilton, Paris: ARC
1984 Letters, MacDiarmid, Hugh. Ed. Alan Bold. Athens: University of Georgia Press
1982 1789: The Emblems of Reason Starobinski, Jean,. Trans. Barbara Bray. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press
1981 Romanticism and the Forms of Ruin: Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Modalities of Fragmentation,Thomas Princeton: Princeton University Press
1980 Davenport, Guy, trans., Archilochus, Sappho, Alkman: Three Lyric Poets of the Seventh Century B.C., Berkeley: University of California Press
1971 The Pound Era, Kenner, Hugh. Berkeley: University of California Press
1967 Transformations in Late Eighteenth Century Art. Rosenblum, Robert, Princeton: Princeton, University Press
1963 Rapel, Finlay’s first selection of concrete poems
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