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W. Eugene Smith (American, 1918–1978)
LOT ID: 66704
Microscopes, The Leper Village (Medical Staff), 1954

Silver Print, gelatin silver print
9 х 11 in. (22.86 x 27.94 cm.)
Stamped, Estate stamp on verso.
Edition From the series "Man of Mercy, 1954-5"
Lot description
22.9 x 27.9 cm

One image from a powerful photo-documentary series by Smith on Albert Schweitzer's work in Lambaréné, in French Equatorial Africa, for LIFE Magazine: "Man of Mercy," November 1954. Schweitzer's extensive work there (he founded a hospital, acted as surgeon, was a pastor, and had numerous other roles) was aided by his monetary gift of the Nobel Peace Prize, which he received the year before this picture was taken. With the money, Schweitzer began Lambaréné's Leprosarium, pictured.

W. Eugene Smith
American, b. 1918, d. 1978

"Photo is a small voice, at best, but sometimes - just sometimes - one photograph or a group of them can lure our senses into awareness. Much depends upon the viewer; in some, photographs can summon enough emotion to be a catalyst to thought." – W. Eugene Smith

William Eugene Smith was born in 1918 in Wichita, Kansas. He took his first photographs at the age of 15 for two local newspapers. In 1936 Smith entered Notre Dame University in Wichita, where a special photographic scholarship was created for him. A year later he left the university and went to New York City, and after studying with Helene Sanders at the New York Institute of Photography, in 1937 he began working for News-Week (later Newsweek). He was fired for refusing to use medium-format cameras and joined the Black Star agency as a freelance.

Smith worked as a war correspondent for Flying magazine (1943-44), and a year later for Life. He followed the island-hopping American offensive against Japan, and suffered severe injuries while simulating battle conditions for Parade, which required him to undergo surgery for the next two years.

Once recuperated, Eugene Smith worked for Life again between 1947 and 1955, before resigning in order to join Magnum as an associate. In 1957 he became a full member of Magnum. Smith was fanatically dedicated to his mission as a photographer. Because of this dedication, he was often regarded by editors as 'troublesome'.

A year after moving to Tucson to teach at the University of Arizona, Smith died of a stroke. His archives are held by the Center for Creative Photography in Tucson, Arizona. Today, Smith's legacy lives on through the W. Eugene Smith Fund to promote 'humanistic photography', founded in 1980, which awards photographers for exceptional accomplishments in the field.[magnumphotos]
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