William Glackens  (American, 1870-1938) 

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William Glackens (American, 1870–1938) was a Realist painter who studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in the evenings beginning in 1892. At this time, he also worked for The Philadelphia Record as an artist reporter. After traveling to Europe in 1895 with other painters, such as John Sloan (American, 1871–1951) and Robert Henri (American, 1865–1929), Glackens moved to New York.

Glackens co-founded what was referred to as the Ashcan School art movement, also referred to as The Eight. Glackens's work consisted of dark-hued street scene paintings and city neighborhoods' daily life. His later work was lighter and influenced by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French, 1841–1919). In 1896, Glackens began working for New York World as an artist. Along with his other commitments, Glackens also took on illustration projects for McClure's Magazine, sending him to cover the Spanish-American War in Cuba. In 1901, Glackens exhibited his work at the Allen Gallery in New York. In 1904, he married artist Edith Dimock (American, 1876–1955) and continued to live in New York.

Glackens began to change his artistic focus in 1910, and this change took him further from the Ashcan style. He was even considered to be the "American Renoir." During this time, he showed his work in the Exhibition of Independent Artists. In 1916, he took on the role of President of the Society of Independence Artists. Glackens continued to study paintings of the Impressionists in France from 1925 to 1935. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts presented him with gold medals for his work in 1933 and 1936. Notable work such as Girl with Apple (1909) and Nude with Apple (1910) hang in the Brooklyn Museum. Glackens was focused on color in his work as illustrated in his painting Portsmouth Harbor, New Hampshire (1909). Although by the time of his death in 1938 Glackens had changed the focus of his work, he was considered to be an important part of the Realist movement.

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William Glackens, Hillside

 

William Glackens
Hillside
Questroyal Fine Art, LLC
William Glackens, The Music Lesson

 

William Glackens
The Music Lesson
circa 1900

Trigg Ison Fine Art
William Glackens, Foothills of the White Mountains

 

William Glackens
Foothills of the White Mountains
Madron LLC
William Glackens, Study with nude with apple

 

William Glackens
Study with nude with apple
1913

Jimmy D. Robinson, Inc.
William Glackens, [Picking Fruit]

 

William Glackens
[Picking Fruit]
circa 1925

Kraushaar Galleries Inc.
William Glackens, Summer in the Park

 

William Glackens
Summer in the Park
circa 1910

Kraushaar Galleries Inc.
William Glackens, Sailing Boats - Paris

 

William Glackens
Sailing Boats - Paris
1895

Berry-Hill Galleries, Inc.
William Glackens, Nude Pulling on Stocking

 

William Glackens
Nude Pulling on Stocking
1925

Berry-Hill Galleries, Inc.
William Glackens, Jonquils

 

William Glackens
Jonquils
1930

Berry-Hill Galleries, Inc.
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William Glackens, In the Park

 

William Glackens
In the Park, 1910
watercolor over pencil on paper

 

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William Glackens, Flowers in Blue Octagonal Vase

 

William Glackens
Flowers in Blue Octagonal Vase
oil on canvas

 

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William Glackens, Girl with Hat and Hand Bag

 

William Glackens
Girl with Hat and Hand Bag
conté crayon on paper

 

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1870   Born in Philadelphia, PA
1890   Attended Central High School in Philadelphia along with John Sloan and the collector Albert C. Barnes
1891   Became an artist-reporter for the Philadelphia Record
1892 - 1895   Worked for the Philadelphia Press with John Sloan, George Luks, and Everett Shinn
1895   Traveled to France and The Netherlands
1898   Accompanied the U.S. Army to Cuba to record the Spanish-American War for McClure's magazine
1904   Gave up illustration in order to devote himself to painting
1906   Made a second trip to Europe
1908   Returned to New York to prepare for an exhibition of paintings by The Eight
1913   Served as chairman of the committee that selected American art for the Armory Show
1917   Was first president of the Society of Independent Artists
1925 - 1932   Divided his time between New York and France, but he continued his involvement in the New York art world and his friendship with other artists associated with The Eight
1938   Died in Westport, CT
1984   Shock of Modernism, Nassau County Museum of Fine Art, Long Island, NY