Willi Baumeister  (German, 1889-1955) 


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Willi Baumeister Biography
1889   Born in Stuttgart
1905 - 1907   Trains as decorative painter
1905 - 1911   Attends the Königlich Württembergische Akademie der Bildenden Künste (Royal Württemberg Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1905 - 1912   Stays on Lake Constance and in Paris. First exhibition in Stuttgart. Begins friendships with Oskar Schlemmer and Otto Meyer-Amden
1912 - 1913   Stays in Amden, Switzerland. Participates in exhibitions including the Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon (First German Autumn Salon) at the gallery Der Sturm in Berlin
1914 - 1918   Travels to Antwerp, Amsterdam, London, and Paris. Serves in World War I
1919   Master student under Adolf Hölzel. Co-founds the Üecht Group Stuttgart and becomes member of the Berlin Novembergruppe (November Group). First stage design. Works as typographer
1922   First international publication in the art journal L'Esprit Nouveau, Paris
1923 - 1926   Exhibits in Germany and abroad. Visits the Bauhaus in Weimar. Meets Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee
1926   Marriage with Margarete (Margrit) Oehm
1927   Offered professorship for typography, commercial graphics, and fabric printing at the Städtische Kunstgewerbeschule (Municiple Applied Arts School), or Städelschule, in Frankfurt am Main. Becomes member of the ring neue werbegestalter (circle of new commercial designers)
1928   Moves to Frankfurt am Main. Birth of daughter Krista
1929   Begins friendship with Julius Bissier. In Paris visits Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier, Ozenfant, Carl Einstein, Christian Zervos und Roger Ginsburger. Becomes member of the artist association Cercle et Carré
1931   Becomes member of the artist group Abstraction - Création. First monograph by Will Grohmann published. Begins lifelong exploration of prehistoric art. Invited by Madame de Mandrot to an artist gathering at the Château La Sarraz, Switzerland
1933   As part of the first official acts of the National Socialists Baumeister is dismissed without notice from his Frankfurter teaching position and denounced as a degenerate artist until the end of 1945
1935   Travels to Milan, meets Carlo Carrà
1937 - 1938   Participates in the Constructivists Exhibition in Basel. Pictures by Baumeister are shown in the exhibition Entartete Kunst Munich. Stores paintings, gouaches, and drawings in the Kunsthalle Basel to keep them out of reach from the National Socialists. Travels to Paris, meets with Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier and gallery owner Jeanne Bucher. Begins work with the Wuppertal varnish factory, Dr. Kurt Herberts & Co. researching and writing on painting techniques and their historical origins
1941   Receives prohibition on painting and exhibiting, according to the decree of the Reichskammer der Bildenden Künste (National Art Chamber). In fall Baumeister travels with his family to Verona, Venice, Bologna, and Florence
1946   Offered professorship at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste (State Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1947   Baumeister's manuscript Das Unbekannte in der Kunst published in Stuttgart. Produces stage design for Manuel de Falla's ballet Liebeszauber (Love Spell) at the Württemberg Staatstheater in Stuttgart
1948   Participates in the XXIV Biennale in Venice and in the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris. Produces further stage designs
1949   Co-founder of the Gruppe der Gegenstandslosen (Group of Nonrepresentational Artists) (renamed Group ZEN 49 in January 1950). Produces stage design for Egon Vietta's Monte Cassino, directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner in Essen.
1950   Participates in the Ersten Darmstädter Gespräch (First Darmstadt Dialogues). Travels to Spain and France and participates in the Second International Art Congress of the Escuela de Altamira in Santillana del Mar near Santander, Spain
1951   Participates in the first Biennale (I Bienal) in São Paulo, receives Biennale Prize
1952   Participates in the XXVI Biennale in Venice.
1953   Produces stage design for Max Kommerell's Kasperlespiele für große Leute (Punch and Judy Show for Grown-Ups), directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner
1955   The Vienna Secession distinguishes Baumeister for his life achievement with the Klimt-Honor
1955   August 31 Willi Baumeister dies while painting in his studio in Stuttgart
Selected Exhibitions
2012   Winterthur Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Kunstmuseum, Jan. 28-Apr. 22, 2012.
2012   Rovereto Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto MART, July 24-Sept. 23, 2012.
2011   Palma de Mallorca Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Fundación Juan March, June 1-Dec. 12, 2011.
2011   Stuttgart »Art is a Science [Kunst ist eine Wissenschaft]«. Hölzel, Baumeister and the Stuttgart Academy. Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, June 25-Oct. 23, 2011.
2010   Stuttgart, Willi Baumeister. Gilgamesch. Staatsgalerie, Dec. 11, 2010-May 1, 2011.
2007   Baumeister as Stage Designer (Baumeister als Bühnenbildner). Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Sep. 29-Dec. 9
2006   Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, Feb. 12-Mar. 26
2005 - 2006   Munster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Nov. 27 - Jan. 29
2005   Willi Baumeister: Figures and Signs (Figuren und Zeichen). Hamburg, Bucerius Kunstforum, Aug. 31-Oct. 30
2005   Willi Baumeister: The Frankfurt Years 1928-1933 (Die Frankfurter Jahre 1928-1933). Museum Giersch, Mar. 20-Jul. 10
2004 - 2005   Willi Baumeister - Karl Hofer: An Encounter of the Pictures (Begegnung der Bilder). Museum der bildenden Künste, Dec. 19 - Feb. 27
2003 - 2004   Willi Baumeister. Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Sala de Exposiciones Fundación Caja Madrid, Oct. 30 - Feb. 22
2000   Saint-Etienne, Musée d'Art Moderne, Dec. 22, 1999-Mar. 26
1999   Willi Baumeister and France (Willi Baumeister et la France). Colmar, Musée d'Unterlinden, Sep. 4-Dec. 5
1997 - 1998   Germany Pictures: Art from a Divided Land (Deutschlandbilder - Kunst aus einem geteilten Land). Berlin, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Sep. 7 - Jan. 11
1997   The 1930s in Europe: The Hostile Time 1929-1939 (Années 30 en Europe - Le Temps menaçant 1929-1939). Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Feb. 20-May 25
1992   Berlin, Altes Museum, Mar. 4-May 31
1991 - 1992   Washington DC, International Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Oct. 8 - Jan.12
1991   Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi-Germany / Entartete Kunst: Das Schicksal der Avantgarde im Nazideutschland. Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Feb. 17-May 12
1991   Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Jun. 22-Sep. 8
1989   Willi Baumeister. Berlin, Nationalgalerie SMPK, Apr. 7-May 28
1989   Willi Baumeister: Typography and Advertising Design (Typographie und Reklamegestaltung). Stuttgart, Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Oct. 14-Nov. 17
1985   Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art 1910-1980 from the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art including the Riklis Collection of McCrory Corporation. New York, The Museum of Modern Art
1984   Bordeaux, Galérie des Beaux-Arts, Jan. 23-Feb. 18
1984   Luxembourg, Musée de l'Etat, Oct. 5-Nov. 11
1983   Lyon, Musée des Beaux Arts, Mar./Apr.
1983   Strasbourg, Musée d'Art Moderne, Oct. 7-Nov. 27
1983   Genève, Musée Rath, Nov. 4, 1982-Jan. 16
1983   Gent, Museum van Heedendagse Kunst, Jan. 8-Feb. 20
1982   Helsinki, Ateneum, Jan. 29-Feb. 21
1982   Turku, Kunstmuseum, Mar./Apr
1982   Haarlem, Frans Hals Museum, May 14-Jun. 20
1982   Bruxelles, Musée d'Ixelles, Oct. 27-Dec. 19
1982   Léger et l'Esprit moderne / Léger and the modern Spirit. Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Mar. 7-Jun. 6
1982   Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, Jul. 9-Sep. 5
1981   Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Paintings - Drawings (Gemälde - Zeichnungen). An exhibition of the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungeny in Stuttgart. Høvikodden, Henie-Onstad Kunstsentret, Feb.-Mar.
1981   København, Statens Museum for Kunst, Apr. 4-May 3
1979   Willi Baumeister 1945-1955. An exhibition organized by the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, and Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Stuttgart. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Mar. 28-May 6
1979   Schlemmer, Baumeister, Krause - Wuppertal 1937-1944. Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, May 20-Jul. 1
1978   Paris - Berlin, 1900-1933. Paris, Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Jul. 12-Nov. 6
1971   Willi Baumeister (1889-1955). Roma, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Mar. 13-Apr. 25
1969   Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Drawings (Zeichnungen). Stuttgart, Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart, Mar. 1-Apr. 27
1967   Paris, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Jan. 6-Feb. 12
1966   Willi Baumeister: Paintings, Drawings (Peintures, Dessins). Schaffhausen, Museum zu Allerheiligen, Jun. 11-Jul. 31
1966   Genève, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Sep. 16-Oct. 23
1965   Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Drawings (Gemälde und Zeichnungen). Köln, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Jan. 16-Mar. 14
1965   Karlsruhe, Badischer Kunstverein, Apr. 11-May 16
1964   documenta III - Painting, Sculpture (Malerei, Skulptur). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jun. 27-Oct. 5
1963   The Great Occasion of Art in the 20th Century (La Grande Aventure de l'Art du XXème Siècle). Strasbourg, Château des Rohan, Jun. 8-Sep. 15
1962   Art from 1900 to Today. Inaugural Exhibition (Kunst von 1900 bis heute. Eröffnungsausstellung). Wien, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Sep. 21-Nov. 4
1960   Willi Baumeister - E. W. Nay. Basel, Kunsthalle Basel, Feb. 27-Mar. 27
1960   Pictures on exhibit. New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, November
1960   German Art Since 1945 (Arte alemã desde 1945). Rio de Janeiro, Museu de Arte moderna do Rio de Janeiro, September
1960   XXX Venice Biennale (XXX Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1959   documenta II - Art after 1945, Painting (Kunst nach 1945, Malerei). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 11-Oct. 11
1958   50 Years of Modern Art: Brussels World and International Exposition (50 Ans d'Art Moderne: Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles). Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Apr. 17-Jul. 21
1958   Saint Louis, City Art Museum of St. Louis, Jan. 8-Feb. 24
1957   German Art of the Twentieth Century. New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Oct. 1-Dec. 8
1957   Painting from Germany Today (Pittura della Germania d'oggi): Baumeister, Bode, Geiger, Nay, Sonderborg, Thieler, Werner, Winter. Milano, Galleria del Milione, May
1956   Hundred years of German painting 1850-1950. London, The Tate Gallery
1956   Willi Baumeister. Hannover, Kestner-Gesellschaft, May 17-Jun. 24
1956   Hamburg, Kunstverein in Hamburg, Jul. 7-Aug. 5
1956   Berlin, Haus am Waldsee, Sep. 18-Oct. 21
1955   Art of the 20th Century (Kunst des XX. Jahrhunderts). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 15-Sep. 18
1955   Non-Figurative Paintings and Sculpture in Germany Today (Peintures et Sculptures non figuratives en Allemagne d'Aujourd'hui). Paris, Cercle Volney, Apr. 7-May 8 / Düsseldorf, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, Jun. 25-Aug. 30
1954   Willi Baumeister. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Jan. 23-Feb. 21 (solo)
1953 - 1954   Younger European Painters. New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Dec. 2-Feb. 21
1952   Willi Baumeister. New York, Hacker Gallery, Mar. 31-Apr. 26 (solo)
1952   XXVI Venice Biennale (XXVI Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1951   German Artist Union 1950: First Exhibition (Deutscher Künstlerbund 1950: Erste Ausstellung). Berlin, Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Aug. 1-Oct. 1
1950   The Human Image in Our Time (Das Menschenbild in unserer Zeit). Neue Darmstädter Sezession. Exhibition summer 1950. Darmstadt, Mathildenhöhe Ausstellungshalle, Jul. 15-Sep. 3
1950   ZEN 49: First Exhibition (Erste Ausstellung). Munich, Central Art Collecting Point, April
1949   Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Nov.-Dec. (solo)
1948   New Realities - Third Salon (Réalités Nouvelles - 3ème Salon). Paris, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Jul. 23-Aug. 30
1939   Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Watercolors (Toiles et Aquarelles). Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Jan. 20-30 (solo)
1938   Twentieth Century German Art. London, New Burlington Galleries, Jul. 8-Jul. 20
1937   Origins and Development of International Independent Art (Origines et développement de l'art international indépendant). Exhibition organized by the Musée du Jeu de Paume. Paris, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Jul. 30-Oct. 31
1935   Exhibits in Milan and Rome
1932 - 1933   Living German Art (Lebendige Deutsche Kunst). 3-part exhibition series. Organized by Paul Cassirer and Alfred Flechtheim. First Exhibition. Berlin, Galerie Paul Cassirer, Dec. 10 - Mid-Jan
1931   Adolf Loos Buildings: Photographs, Plans, Text - Willi Baumeister, Paintings, Wall Pictures, Graphic Works (Adolf Loos, Bauten: Fotografien, Pläne, Text. - Willi Baumeister, Gemälde, Mauerbilder, Grafik). Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt Kunstverein, Jan. 31-Feb. 14
1930   Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Editions Bonaparte, Apr. 5-Apr. 23 (solo)
1930   The XVII Venice Biennale (La XVII Biennale di Venezia). Venice
1927   Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie d'Art Contemporain, Jan. 18-Feb. 1 (solo)
1927   Great Berlin Art Exhibition (Große Berliner Kunstausstellung). Berlin, Landesausstellungsgebäude am Lehrter Bahnhof, May 7-Sep. 30
1927   Werkbund Exhibition The Dwelling (Die Wohnung). Stuttgart, Weißenhof Housing Settlement and other venues, Jul. 23-Oct. 9, Stuttgart
1926   Exhibits at the International Exhibition of Modern Art in New York
1924 - 1925   First General German Art Exhibition. Moscow, Saratov, Leningrad
1924   Joseph Pobereschsky, Lidija Dmitriewskaja, Kurt Schwitters, Willi Baumeister, 130th Exhibition (130. Ausstellung). Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm
1923   Adolf Hölzel and His Circle (Adolf Hölzel und sein Kreis). Stuttgart, Kunsthaus Schaller
1922   Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, March
1920   Exhibits with Oskar Schlemmer and Kurt Schwitters in Dresden
1913   First German Autumn Salon
1913   Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, Sep. 20-Dec. 1
1910   Stuttgart, Contemporary French Artists