Timeline

1889
Born in Stuttgart
1905–1907
Trains as decorative painter
1905–1911
Attends the Königlich Württembergische Akademie der Bildenden Künste (Royal Württemberg Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1905–1912
Stays on Lake Constance and in Paris. First exhibition in Stuttgart. Begins friendships with Oskar Schlemmer and Otto Meyer-Amden
1912–1913
Stays in Amden, Switzerland. Participates in exhibitions including the Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon (First German Autumn Salon) at the gallery Der Sturm in Berlin
1914–1918
Travels to Antwerp, Amsterdam, London, and Paris. Serves in World War I
1919
Master student under Adolf Hölzel. Co-founds the Üecht Group Stuttgart and becomes member of the Berlin Novembergruppe (November Group). First stage design. Works as typographer
1922
First international publication in the art journal L'Esprit Nouveau, Paris
1923–1926
Exhibits in Germany and abroad. Visits the Bauhaus in Weimar. Meets Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee
1926
Marriage with Margarete (Margrit) Oehm
1927
Offered professorship for typography, commercial graphics, and fabric printing at the Städtische Kunstgewerbeschule (Municiple Applied Arts School), or Städelschule, in Frankfurt am Main. Becomes member of the ring neue werbegestalter (circle of new commercial designers)
1928
Moves to Frankfurt am Main. Birth of daughter Krista
1929
Begins friendship with Julius Bissier. In Paris visits Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier, Ozenfant, Carl Einstein, Christian Zervos und Roger Ginsburger. Becomes member of the artist association Cercle et Carré
1931
Becomes member of the artist group Abstraction - Création. First monograph by Will Grohmann published. Begins lifelong exploration of prehistoric art. Invited by Madame de Mandrot to an artist gathering at the Château La Sarraz, Switzerland
1933
As part of the first official acts of the National Socialists Baumeister is dismissed without notice from his Frankfurter teaching position and denounced as a degenerate artist until the end of 1945
1935
Travels to Milan, meets Carlo Carrà
1937–1938
Participates in the Constructivists Exhibition in Basel. Pictures by Baumeister are shown in the exhibition Entartete Kunst Munich. Stores paintings, gouaches, and drawings in the Kunsthalle Basel to keep them out of reach from the National Socialists. Travels to Paris, meets with Fernand Léger, Le Corbusier and gallery owner Jeanne Bucher. Begins work with the Wuppertal varnish factory, Dr. Kurt Herberts & Co. researching and writing on painting techniques and their historical origins
1941
Receives prohibition on painting and exhibiting, according to the decree of the Reichskammer der Bildenden Künste (National Art Chamber). In fall Baumeister travels with his family to Verona, Venice, Bologna, and Florence
1946
Offered professorship at the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste (State Academy of Fine Arts) in Stuttgart
1947
Baumeister's manuscript Das Unbekannte in der Kunst published in Stuttgart. Produces stage design for Manuel de Falla's ballet Liebeszauber (Love Spell) at the Württemberg Staatstheater in Stuttgart
1948
Participates in the XXIV Biennale in Venice and in the Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris. Produces further stage designs
1949
Co-founder of the Gruppe der Gegenstandslosen (Group of Nonrepresentational Artists) (renamed Group ZEN 49 in January 1950). Produces stage design for Egon Vietta's Monte Cassino, directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner in Essen.
1950
Participates in the Ersten Darmstädter Gespräch (First Darmstadt Dialogues). Travels to Spain and France and participates in the Second International Art Congress of the Escuela de Altamira in Santillana del Mar near Santander, Spain
1951
Participates in the first Biennale (I Bienal) in São Paulo, receives Biennale Prize
1952
Participates in the XXVI Biennale in Venice.
1953
Produces stage design for Max Kommerell's Kasperlespiele für große Leute (Punch and Judy Show for Grown-Ups), directed by Gustav Rudolf Sellner
1955
The Vienna Secession distinguishes Baumeister for his life achievement with the Klimt-Honor
1955
August 31 Willi Baumeister dies while painting in his studio in Stuttgart

Exhibitions

2012
Winterthur Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Kunstmuseum, Jan. 28-Apr. 22, 2012.
2012
Rovereto Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto MART, July 24-Sept. 23, 2012.
2011
Palma de Mallorca Willi Baumeister 1889-1955. Fundación Juan March, June 1-Dec. 12, 2011.
2011
Stuttgart »Art is a Science [Kunst ist eine Wissenschaft]«. Hölzel, Baumeister and the Stuttgart Academy. Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, June 25-Oct. 23, 2011.
2010
Stuttgart, Willi Baumeister. Gilgamesch. Staatsgalerie, Dec. 11, 2010-May 1, 2011.
2007
Baumeister as Stage Designer (Baumeister als Bühnenbildner). Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Sep. 29-Dec. 9
2006
Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, Feb. 12-Mar. 26
2005–2006
Munster, Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Nov. 27 - Jan. 29
2005
Willi Baumeister: Figures and Signs (Figuren und Zeichen). Hamburg, Bucerius Kunstforum, Aug. 31-Oct. 30
2005
Willi Baumeister: The Frankfurt Years 1928-1933 (Die Frankfurter Jahre 1928-1933). Museum Giersch, Mar. 20-Jul. 10
2004–2005
Willi Baumeister - Karl Hofer: An Encounter of the Pictures (Begegnung der Bilder). Museum der bildenden Künste, Dec. 19 - Feb. 27
2003–2004
Willi Baumeister. Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Sala de Exposiciones Fundación Caja Madrid, Oct. 30 - Feb. 22
2000
Saint-Etienne, Musée d'Art Moderne, Dec. 22, 1999-Mar. 26
1999
Willi Baumeister and France (Willi Baumeister et la France). Colmar, Musée d'Unterlinden, Sep. 4-Dec. 5
1997–1998
Germany Pictures: Art from a Divided Land (Deutschlandbilder - Kunst aus einem geteilten Land). Berlin, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Sep. 7 - Jan. 11
1997
The 1930s in Europe: The Hostile Time 1929-1939 (Années 30 en Europe - Le Temps menaçant 1929-1939). Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Feb. 20-May 25
1992
Berlin, Altes Museum, Mar. 4-May 31
1991–1992
Washington DC, International Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Oct. 8 - Jan.12
1991
Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi-Germany / Entartete Kunst: Das Schicksal der Avantgarde im Nazideutschland. Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Feb. 17-May 12
1991
Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Jun. 22-Sep. 8
1989
Willi Baumeister. Berlin, Nationalgalerie SMPK, Apr. 7-May 28
1989
Willi Baumeister: Typography and Advertising Design (Typographie und Reklamegestaltung). Stuttgart, Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Oct. 14-Nov. 17
1985
Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art 1910-1980 from the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art including the Riklis Collection of McCrory Corporation. New York, The Museum of Modern Art
1984
Bordeaux, Galérie des Beaux-Arts, Jan. 23-Feb. 18
1984
Luxembourg, Musée de l'Etat, Oct. 5-Nov. 11
1983
Lyon, Musée des Beaux Arts, Mar./Apr.
1983
Strasbourg, Musée d'Art Moderne, Oct. 7-Nov. 27
1983
Genève, Musée Rath, Nov. 4, 1982-Jan. 16
1983
Gent, Museum van Heedendagse Kunst, Jan. 8-Feb. 20
1982
Helsinki, Ateneum, Jan. 29-Feb. 21
1982
Turku, Kunstmuseum, Mar./Apr
1982
Haarlem, Frans Hals Museum, May 14-Jun. 20
1982
Bruxelles, Musée d'Ixelles, Oct. 27-Dec. 19
1982
Léger et l'Esprit moderne / Léger and the modern Spirit. Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Mar. 7-Jun. 6
1982
Houston, Museum of Fine Arts, Jul. 9-Sep. 5
1981
Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Paintings - Drawings (Gemälde - Zeichnungen). An exhibition of the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungeny in Stuttgart. Høvikodden, Henie-Onstad Kunstsentret, Feb.-Mar.
1981
København, Statens Museum for Kunst, Apr. 4-May 3
1979
Willi Baumeister 1945-1955. An exhibition organized by the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, and Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Stuttgart. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Mar. 28-May 6
1979
Schlemmer, Baumeister, Krause - Wuppertal 1937-1944. Wuppertal, Von der Heydt-Museum, May 20-Jul. 1
1978
Paris - Berlin, 1900-1933. Paris, Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Jul. 12-Nov. 6
1971
Willi Baumeister (1889-1955). Roma, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Mar. 13-Apr. 25
1969
Willi Baumeister 1889-1955: Drawings (Zeichnungen). Stuttgart, Galerie der Stadt Stuttgart, Mar. 1-Apr. 27
1967
Paris, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Jan. 6-Feb. 12
1966
Willi Baumeister: Paintings, Drawings (Peintures, Dessins). Schaffhausen, Museum zu Allerheiligen, Jun. 11-Jul. 31
1966
Genève, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Sep. 16-Oct. 23
1965
Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Drawings (Gemälde und Zeichnungen). Köln, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Jan. 16-Mar. 14
1965
Karlsruhe, Badischer Kunstverein, Apr. 11-May 16
1964
documenta III - Painting, Sculpture (Malerei, Skulptur). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jun. 27-Oct. 5
1963
The Great Occasion of Art in the 20th Century (La Grande Aventure de l'Art du XXème Siècle). Strasbourg, Château des Rohan, Jun. 8-Sep. 15
1962
Art from 1900 to Today. Inaugural Exhibition (Kunst von 1900 bis heute. Eröffnungsausstellung). Wien, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Sep. 21-Nov. 4
1960
Willi Baumeister - E. W. Nay. Basel, Kunsthalle Basel, Feb. 27-Mar. 27
1960
Pictures on exhibit. New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, November
1960
German Art Since 1945 (Arte alemã desde 1945). Rio de Janeiro, Museu de Arte moderna do Rio de Janeiro, September
1960
XXX Venice Biennale (XXX Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1959
documenta II - Art after 1945, Painting (Kunst nach 1945, Malerei). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 11-Oct. 11
1958
50 Years of Modern Art: Brussels World and International Exposition (50 Ans d'Art Moderne: Exposition universelle et internationale de Bruxelles). Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Apr. 17-Jul. 21
1958
Saint Louis, City Art Museum of St. Louis, Jan. 8-Feb. 24
1957
German Art of the Twentieth Century. New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Oct. 1-Dec. 8
1957
Painting from Germany Today (Pittura della Germania d'oggi): Baumeister, Bode, Geiger, Nay, Sonderborg, Thieler, Werner, Winter. Milano, Galleria del Milione, May
1956
Hundred years of German painting 1850-1950. London, The Tate Gallery
1956
Willi Baumeister. Hannover, Kestner-Gesellschaft, May 17-Jun. 24
1956
Hamburg, Kunstverein in Hamburg, Jul. 7-Aug. 5
1956
Berlin, Haus am Waldsee, Sep. 18-Oct. 21
1955
Art of the 20th Century (Kunst des XX. Jahrhunderts). Kassel, Museum Fridericianum, Jul. 15-Sep. 18
1955
Non-Figurative Paintings and Sculpture in Germany Today (Peintures et Sculptures non figuratives en Allemagne d'Aujourd'hui). Paris, Cercle Volney, Apr. 7-May 8 / Düsseldorf, Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf, Jun. 25-Aug. 30
1954
Willi Baumeister. Stuttgart, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Jan. 23-Feb. 21 (solo)
1953–1954
Younger European Painters. New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Dec. 2-Feb. 21
1952
Willi Baumeister. New York, Hacker Gallery, Mar. 31-Apr. 26 (solo)
1952
XXVI Venice Biennale (XXVI Biennale di Venezia). Venezia
1951
German Artist Union 1950: First Exhibition (Deutscher Künstlerbund 1950: Erste Ausstellung). Berlin, Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Aug. 1-Oct. 1
1950
The Human Image in Our Time (Das Menschenbild in unserer Zeit). Neue Darmstädter Sezession. Exhibition summer 1950. Darmstadt, Mathildenhöhe Ausstellungshalle, Jul. 15-Sep. 3
1950
ZEN 49: First Exhibition (Erste Ausstellung). Munich, Central Art Collecting Point, April
1949
Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Nov.-Dec. (solo)
1948
New Realities - Third Salon (Réalités Nouvelles - 3ème Salon). Paris, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Jul. 23-Aug. 30
1939
Willi Baumeister: Paintings and Watercolors (Toiles et Aquarelles). Paris, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Jan. 20-30 (solo)
1938
Twentieth Century German Art. London, New Burlington Galleries, Jul. 8-Jul. 20
1937
Origins and Development of International Independent Art (Origines et développement de l'art international indépendant). Exhibition organized by the Musée du Jeu de Paume. Paris, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Jul. 30-Oct. 31
1935
Exhibits in Milan and Rome
1932–1933
Living German Art (Lebendige Deutsche Kunst). 3-part exhibition series. Organized by Paul Cassirer and Alfred Flechtheim. First Exhibition. Berlin, Galerie Paul Cassirer, Dec. 10 - Mid-Jan
1931
Adolf Loos Buildings: Photographs, Plans, Text - Willi Baumeister, Paintings, Wall Pictures, Graphic Works (Adolf Loos, Bauten: Fotografien, Pläne, Text. - Willi Baumeister, Gemälde, Mauerbilder, Grafik). Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt Kunstverein, Jan. 31-Feb. 14
1930
Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie Editions Bonaparte, Apr. 5-Apr. 23 (solo)
1930
The XVII Venice Biennale (La XVII Biennale di Venezia). Venice
1927
Willi Baumeister. Paris, Galerie d'Art Contemporain, Jan. 18-Feb. 1 (solo)
1927
Great Berlin Art Exhibition (Große Berliner Kunstausstellung). Berlin, Landesausstellungsgebäude am Lehrter Bahnhof, May 7-Sep. 30
1927
Werkbund Exhibition The Dwelling (Die Wohnung). Stuttgart, Weißenhof Housing Settlement and other venues, Jul. 23-Oct. 9, Stuttgart
1926
Exhibits at the International Exhibition of Modern Art in New York
1924–1925
First General German Art Exhibition. Moscow, Saratov, Leningrad
1924
Joseph Pobereschsky, Lidija Dmitriewskaja, Kurt Schwitters, Willi Baumeister, 130th Exhibition (130. Ausstellung). Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm
1923
Adolf Hölzel and His Circle (Adolf Hölzel und sein Kreis). Stuttgart, Kunsthaus Schaller
1922
Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, March
1920
Exhibits with Oskar Schlemmer and Kurt Schwitters in Dresden
1913
First German Autumn Salon
1913
Berlin, Gallery Der Sturm, Sep. 20-Dec. 1
1910
Stuttgart, Contemporary French Artists