(Romanian, 1903–1966) is known for his mix of Expressionist and Surrealist styles. He was born and raised in Romania, and received his artistic training at the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest. Landscape compositions served as the foundation for Brauner’s style, but a shift toward Expressionism became evident as the artist continued to mature. In 1925, he visited Paris and was presumably drawn by the depth of artistic influence to be found in the city, and moved there a few short years later in 1930.
It was in Paris that Brauner formed a friendship with Constantin Brancusi
due to their shared Romanian roots. Brancusi introduced him to Alberto Giacometti
and Yves Tanguy
, who persuaded him to join the Surrealist group in 1933. Brauner’s stint with Surrealism saw the creation of compositions consisting of creatures seemingly inspired by autobiographical myths and tales. He is best known for his drawings and two-dimensional compositions that emerged during this period, as well as his frequent use of encaustic, a technique incorporating wax into paint.
During World War II, the artist left Paris to travel around France, which might have been one of the leading causes of his continuously transforming style. Not long after he returned to Paris, Brauner was expelled from the Surrealist group by André Breton
in 1947. He began experimenting in other genres, and completely broke away from Surrealism by 1948, choosing to return to more primitive and personal themes in his work.
Brauner continued to develop his unique style, and it became increasingly more avant-garde and reflective of his Romanian roots. He had the honor of representing France in the Venice Biennale in 1966 before he died that same year.