Takashi Murakami (American/Japanese, b.1962) is a painter and sculptor famous for his integration of Fine Art, commercialism, Japanese aesthetics, and cultural criticism into his work. Murakami received his BFA, MFA, and PhD from the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, where he studied Nihonga (traditional Japanese painting). He first gained recognition as a sculptor during the early 1990s, exploring otaku (the Japanese term for an obsession with anime and cartoons) and the contradictions between contemporary Japanese society and American culture in his work.

In 1996, he created the Hiropon Factory in Japan, which later developed into Kaikai Kiki Co., Ltd., a large art-making and artist management corporation. Murakami is also a curator and a critical observer of Japanese art. In 2000, he founded the "superflat" movement, a post-modern style drawing inspiration from Japanese manga (comics created in Japan), graphic design, and traditional Japanese prints and screen paintings. Throughout his career, Murakami has increasingly blurred the boundaries between fine art and popular culture by branding his artwork and turning it into merchandise, particularly with the celebrated character Mr. Dob. His embrace of the commercial side of art reached a high point in 2003, when the artist began collaborating with Marc Jacobs in the redesign of the Louis Vuitton logo and handbags. Murakami currently lives and works in Tokyo and New York.

Timeline

1962
Born in Tokyo, Japan
1986
BFA, Japanese Painting Course, Faculty of Fine Arts, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music
1988
MFA, Graduate School of Fine Arts, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music
1993
Ph.D., Graduate School of Fine Arts, Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music [Dissertation : The meaning of the nonsense of the meaning]
1995
Asian Cultural Fellowship, P.S 1 International Studio Program in New York, USA
1998
Visiting Professor, School of the Art and Architecture at the UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
Lives and Works in Asaka, Japan and Brooklyn, USA

Exhibitions

2013
Don't Be Shy, Don't Hold Back: The Logan Collection At Sfmoma, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Beg, Borrow and Steal, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, USA
sous influences: arts plastiques et psychotropes, La Maison Rouge, Paris, France
2012
Ego, ALRIWAQ Exhibition Space, Qatar
2011
Beyond Limits, Chatsworth, England
Homage to Yves Klein, Galerie Perrotin, Paris, France
A History of Editions, Galerie Perrotin, Paris, France
Gagosian Gallery, London, England (solo)
2010
Gagosian Gallery, Rome, Italy (solo)
MURAKAMI VERSAILLES, Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
2009
Murakami ©, Museum Fë Moderne Kunst Frankfurt am Main, Germany (solo)
Murakami ©, The Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Gagosian Gallery, London, England (solo)
Sold Out: The Artist in the Age of Pop, Tate Modern, London, England
Mapping the Studio, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
VRAOUM!, La Maison Rouge, Paris, France
Louis Vuitton and the Passion for Creation, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong
Un Certain État du Monde? A Selection of Works From Francois Pinault Foundation Collection, Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia
2008
Murakami ©, Brooklyn Museum, New York, USA (solo)
For What You Are About to Receive, Gagosian Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Encounters, Pace Beijing, Beijing, China
Agency: Art and Advertising, McDonough Museum of Art, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, USA
Kaikai Kiki Artists, Kaikai Kiki Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
2007
Red Hot: Contemporary Asian Art Rising, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
Comic Abstraction, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Jellyfish Eyes, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA
My 2007, Colette, Paris, France
Murakami ©, MOCA, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
Tranquility of the Heart Torment of the Flesh - Open Wide the Eye of the Heart, and Nothing is Invisible, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
2006
The Pressure Point of Painting, Galerie Emmanuel Perrotin, Paris, France (solo)
Where are we going: Selection from the François Pinault Collection, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
Infinite Painting, Contemporary Painting and Global Realism, Villa Manin Centro d’Arte Contemporanea, Codroipo, Italy
Agnes Hotel Art Fair, Tokyo, Japan
Fairy Tales Forever, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark
Dragon Veines, University of South Florida Contemporary Art Museum, Tampa, USA
POPulence, Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, USA
10th Anniversary Collection, Tomio Koyama Gallery, Tokyo, Japon
Spank the Monkey, Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Gateshead, England
Selections from the Logan Collection, Denver Art Museum, Denver, USA
Off the Shelf: News Forms in Contemporary Artists' Books, Vassar College print and Drawings Galleries: The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, USA
Get Ready, Land of the Rising Sun! Contemporary Japanese Art from Taikan Yokoyama to the Present, Osaka City Museum of Modern Art, Osaka, Japan
Mass Production: Artists' Multiples and Marketplace, University of Akron, Myers School of Art, Akron, USA
Limited/Unlimited, 34 Long Fine Arts, Cape Town, South Africa
2005
Opening of Gallery Extension, Galerie Emmanuel Perrotin, Paris, France (solo)
Little Boy: The Arts of Japan's Exploding Pop Culture, Japan Society, New York, USA (solo)
Outdoor Banner Installation, Public Art Fund, New York, USA (solo)
Kaikai Kiki exhibition, Aoi Gallery, Osaka, Japan
T1 - Turin Triennial, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin, Italy
Japan Pop, Helsinki Museum of Art, Helsinki, Finland
Post and After, Brandeis University Rose Museum, Boston, USA
POPulance, Cleveland Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, USA
Translation, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France
Ecstasy: In and About Altered States, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
2004
Funny Cuts, Stuttgart Museum of Art, Stuttgart, Germany (solo)
Takashi Murakami: Inochi, Blum & Poe Gallery, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
Optimo: Manifestations of Optimism in Contemporary Art, Ballroom Marfa, Marfa, USA
Monument to now, Deste Foundation, Athens, Greece
Biennale de Liverpool, Tate Liverpool, England
Walker without walls, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
Inochi, Blum & Poe, Los Angeles, USA
GEISAI 5, Big Site, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan
Tokyo Girls Bravo, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, USA
2003
GEISAI Museum, Roppongi Hills, Tokyo, Japan
GEISAI 4, Big Site, Tokyo, Japan
GEISAI 3,Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan
Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, USA
Super Flat Monoglam, Louis Vuitton, Tokyo, Japan
2002
Takashi Murakami Kaikaikiki, Kawaii! Vacances d'ete, Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, Paris, France.7.27-10.27. Serpentine Gallery, London, England
Tokyo Girls Bravo 2, Nadiff, Tokyo, Japan
Coloriage, Fondation Cartire popur l 'art contemporain, Paris, France
GEISAI 1, Tokyo Tower Amusement Hall, Tokyo, Japan
2001
Zombie Festival, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
Takashi Murakami: summon monsters open the door heal or die, Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Takashi Murakami: Made In Japan, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA
Takashi Murakami: Mushroom, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, USA
Takashi Murakami:WINK: An Installation of New York by Takashi Murakami, Grand Central Terminal Vanderbilt Hall, New York, USA
Takashi Murakami: KAI KAI KI KI, Galerie Emmanuel Perrotin, Paris, France
2000
Second Misson Project Ko2, MoMA P.S.1, New York, USA
KAI KAI KI KI: SUPER FLAT, ISSEY MIYAKE MEN, Tokyo, Japan
SUPERFLAT , Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
Henry Art Gallery, Art Museum of the University of Washington, Seattle, USA
1999
Tokyo Girls Bravo, NADiff, Tokyo, Japan
Hiropon Show, Parco LOGOS Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
1998
Ero Pop Tokyo, George's, Los Angeles, USA

Public Collections

Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, US
Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
Center for CUratorial Studies Museum, Bard College, New York, NY, US
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Pinchuk Art Centre, Kiev, Ukraine
Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea
Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Vanhaerents Art Collection, Brussels, Belgium
Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, Paris, France
Musée du sourire, Paris, France
Rosenblum Collection & Friends, Paris, France
Punta della Dogana - Francois Pinault Foundation, Venice, Italy
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art - Kanazawa, Kanazawa, Japan
Toyota Municipal Museum of Art, Toyota Aichi, Japan
MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Literature

2012
Murakami: Ego by Takashi Murakami and Massimiliano Gioni
2012
Murakami Takashi Bijutsu Techo Art Book 1992-2012 (Bt Books) by Takashi Murakami
2011
Stargazing Dog by Takashi Murakami
2011
Murakami Versailles by Laurent Le Bon, Philippe Dagen, Jill Gasparina and Takashi Murakami
2009
Takashi Murakami: Prints "My First Art" Series
2007
Murakami by Takashi Murakami, Dick Hebdige, Midori Matsui and Scott Rothkopf
2005
Little Boy: The Arts of Japan's Exploding Subculture by Takashi Murakami
2002
Takashi Murakami. Kaikai kiki (French Edition) by Collectif
2000
Superflat (English and Japanese Edition) by Takashi Murakami
2000
Takashi Murakami: The Meaning of the Nonsense of the Meaning by Amanda Cruz, Dana Friis-Hansen and Midori Matsui