Video and installation artist Shirin Neshat (Iranian, b.1957) explores the political and social conditions of Iranian and Muslim life in her works, particularly focusing on women and feminist issues. Neshat was born in Qazvin, Iran, and left the country to study art in the United States at 17; she graduated from the University of California, Berkeley with an MFA in 1982. When she returned to her home country in 1990, she found it barely recognizable from the Iran before the 1979 Revolution, a shocking experience that incited the meditations on memory, loss, and contemporary life in Iran that are central to her work.

Her Women of Allah series, created in the mid-1990s, introduced the hallmark themes of her pieces through which she examines conditions of male, female, public, private, religious, political, and secular identities in both Iranian and Western cultures. Her videos, installations, and photographs have received great critical acclaim outside of Iran. Her work has been exhibited at the Venice Biennale, the Istanbul and Johannesburg Biennials, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, and the Tate Gallery in London, among other institutions. Neshat currently lives and works in New York.

Timeline

1957
Born in Qazvin, Iran
1990
Recipient of a Sponsored Project Grant, New York State Council on the Arts
1992
Artist in Residence, Henry Street Settlement, New York
1995
Recipient of a Mid-Atlantic Photography Fellowship
Recipient of an Art Matters Grant
1996
Recipient of a New York Foundation for Arts Photography Fellowship
Recipient of a grant from Tiffany Foundation
1999
First International Prize, 48th Venice Biennale
Prize for Best Project, ARCO, Madrid, Spain
2000
CalArts, Alpert Award in the Arts, Pasadena, CA
Visual Art Award, “Herald Angel," Edinburgh International Festival
Grand Prix, Kwangju Biennale, Seoul, South Korea
2001
Visiting Artist, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan, ME
2002
Infinity Award for Visual Art, International Center for Photography, New York
2003
Honoree at The First Annual Risk Takers in the Arts
Celebration, given by The Sundance Institute, New York
ZeroOne Award, Universität der Künste, Berlin, Germany
Fine Art Prize, Heitland Foundation, Celle, Germany
2005
Award, Hiroshima City Museum of Art, Hiroshima, Japan
2006
Lillian Gish Prize, New York, New York
2008
Rockefeller Foundation Media Arts Fellowship, New York
2008
Cultural Achievement Award, Asia Society, New York
2009
Silver Lion, 66th Venice Film Festival
2009
Prix La Navicella, Venice Film Festival
2009
Prix Unicef, Venice Film Festival
2009
Cinema for Peace Special Award, Hessischer Filmpreis, Germany
Lives and works in New York City

Exhibitions

2013
All You Need is Love, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo
2013
Shirin Neshat, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan, USA (solo)
2013
Dirimart, Istanbul, Turkey (solo)
2012
The Book of Kings, Galerie Jerome de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
2012
We the People, Rauschenberg Foundation, New York
2012
The Fertile Crescent: Gender, Art, and Society, Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJ
2012
Half the Sky: Visualized, The University of Connecticut, Contemporary Art Galleries, Storrs, Connecticut
2012
The Book of Kings, Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2011
Women Without Men, Palazzo Reale, Milan (solo)
Shirin Neshat: Soliloquy, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, England (solo)
2010
Diabolique, Galierie de l’Uquam, Montreal, Canada
Shirin Neshat, La Fabrica Galeria, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Calder to Warhol: Introducing the Fisher Collection, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco
Arte y Politica: Conflictos y Disyuntivas, Museo de Arte de Culiacán, Culiacán, Mexico
Exposure: Photos from the Vault, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Disquieted, Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
Shirin Neshat, La Fabrica Gallery, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
2009
Games of Desire, Gladstone Gallery, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Games of Desire, Galerie Jerome de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Women Without Men, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece; Kulturhuset, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Shirin Neshat: Turbulent, Galleri Faurschou, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Bad Habits, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
BAROCK, MADRE Museo d’Arte Contemporanea Donna Regina, Naples, Italy
Being in the World: Selections from the Ella Fontanals-Cisneros Collection, Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation, Miami, FL
The Female Gaze: Women Look at Women, Cheim and Read, New York, NY
Iran Inside Out, Chelsea Art Museum, New York, NY
Photographic Power and Violence, Disease, and Death Photographed, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland
Typical, Cliches of Jews and Others, Spertus Museum, Chicago, IL; Jewish Museum of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Un Certain Etat du Monde?, Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia
2008
Shirin Neshat, Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Shirin Neshat: New Works, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Women Without Men, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Denmark (solo)
Women Without Men, Galleri Faurschou, Beijing, China (solo)
Shirin Neshat, National Gallery of Iceland, Reykjevik, Iceland (solo)
Prospect..1: New Orleans International Biennial, New Orleans, LA
Me Ophelia, The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Stereotypes, The Jewish Museum, Berlin, Germany; Spertus Museum, Chicago, IL; The Jewish Museum, Vienna, Austria
Wanderers in Contemporary Video Art, Museo Civico, Commune di Siena, Siena, Italy
Paixóns Privadas, Visións Públicas Collections D.O. Galicia, Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
2007
Shirin Neshat, Galeria Filomena Soares, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
Foto.Kunst, Essl Museum, Vienna, Austria
Kunst Film Biennale, Cologne, Germany
Ten Years, Emily Tsingou Gallery, London, England
So Close / So Far Away, BE-Part Platform voor actuele kunst, Waregem, Belgium
Weltempfänger, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany
After The Revolution: Women Who Transformed Contemporary Art, Dorsky Gallery Curatorial Programs, Long Island City, NY
Border-Crossing Exercises, Galleri Nord Norge, Norway
Not for Sale, P.S.1, New York, NY
Lights Camera Action: Artist's Film for the Cinema, Whitney, New York, NY
2006
Shirin Neshat, Espoo Museum of Modern Art, Espoo, Finland (solo)
Shirin Neshat: The Last Word, Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderno, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain (solo)
Shirin Neshat, Stedelijk Museum CS, Amsterdam, Netherlands (solo)
Shirin Neshat, Lumen Travo Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands (solo)
Kapital, Kent Gallery, New York, NY
Saastamoinen Foundation Art Collection, Espoo Museum of Modern Art, Helsinki, Finland
A Selected State, emily Tsingou gallery, London, England
Reverence, Hudson Valley Center for Contemporary Art, Peekskill, NY
2005
Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum Für Gegenwart, Berlin (solo)
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Leon, Spain (solo)
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan (solo)
Zarin, Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Translation, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France
Remapped Realities, Eyebeam, New York, NY
Some Stories, Kunsthalle Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Beauty, House of World Culture, Berlin, Germany
Important, Modern and Contemporary Art, Gary Nader, Miami, FL
Figure It Out, Hudson Valley Center for Contemporary Art, Peekskill, NY
2004
Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand (solo)
Non Toccare La Donna Bianca, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo per l’Arte, Turin, Italy
Santa Fe Arti Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico
In Bed, Toyota Art Museum, Japan
From Bonifatius to Beuys, Kunsthalle Erfurt, Erfurt,Germany
Monument to Now, Deste Foundation, Athens, Greece
Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
The Parallell World of Marrakech, Lille 2004, France
Transculture, Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece
Far Near Distance, House of World Culture, Berlin, Germany
Masterpieces from the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL; Villa Manin Center of Contemporary Art, Udine, Italy
2003
Tooba, Asia Society Museum, New York, NY (solo)
Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL
Galeria Filomena Soares, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
Lumen Travo Gallery, Amsterdam, Netherlands (solo)
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX (solo)
Bill Viola and Shirin Neshat, The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Moving Pictures, Guggenheim Bilbao, Bilboa, Spain
Fantasies of the Harem and the New Sherezades, Centre de Cultura Contemporania, Barcelona, Spain
Elsewhere, UCLA Fowler Museum, Los Angeles, CA
The Natural Cosmos, Staadtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
Imagining Prometheus, Palazzo della Ragione, Milan, Italy
Nouredine Amir, ModeMuseum, Antwerp, Belgium
Films of the Iranian Diaspora, Gene Siskel Film Center, Chicago, IL
Armour:The Fortification of Man, Foundation Fort Asperen, Acquoy, Netherlands
ICP Triennial of Photography and Video, International Center of Photography, New York, NY
2002
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy (solo)
Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw (solo)
Banco di Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark (solo)
Passage, Regina Gouger Miller Gallery, Carnegie Mellon University , Pittsburgh, PA (solo)
Diversions, Contemporary Art Museum, Baltimore, MD
Synopsis II-Theologies, The New Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece
Alter Ego, Jean-Gabriel Mitterand Galerie, Paris, France
Recent Acquisitions, Solomon R. Guggeheim Museum of Art, New York, NY
The Beauty of the Evil, De Zonnehof, Amersfoort, Netherlands; Documenta 11, Kassel, Germany
Picturing Ourselves, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Moving Pictures, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York, NY
Visions from America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Iconos Metropolitanos, Fundación PROA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
New Art, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
Real Life, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, England
2001
Musée d'Art Contemporain de Montreal, Montreal, Canada; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX; Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL (solo)
Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland (solo)
Patrick Painter, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York (solo)
Kanazawa Contemporary Art Museum, Kanazawa, Japan (solo)
Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany (solo)
Galerie Farschou, 1986-2001, Galeri Farschou, Copenhagen, Denmark
Fervor, Tensta Konsthall, Spanga, Sweden
Black + White, Blains Fine Art, London, England
New Acquisitions from the Dakis Joannou Collection, Deste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece
Beyeler Foundation, Basel, Switzerland
Biennial de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
French Institut, Rabbat, Morocco
Croatian Photographic Union, Croatia
Arte Contemporaneo Internacional, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
The Beauty of the Evil, Armando Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
2000
Serpentine Gallery, London, England (solo)
Pitti Discovery, Florence, Italy (solo)
Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Lia Rumma, Milan, Italy (solo)
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX (solo)
Matrix, Berkeley Art Museum, Berkeley, CA (solo)
Wexner Center, Columbus, OH (solo)
Corpo Chimico, Cá di Fra, Milan, Italy
Photography Now: An International Survey of Contemporary Photography, Contemporary Arts Center, New Orleans, LA
State of the Art: Recent Gifts and Acquisitions, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Erresitentziak/Resistencias, Koldo Mitxelena, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
The Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland
Lyon Biennial, Lyon, France
La Beauté in Avignon, Avignon, France
Continental Shift, Ludwig Forum, Aachen, Germany
Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Kwangju Biennale, Kwangju, South Korea
Whitney Biennial, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Outbound. Passages from the 90’s, Contemporary Art Museum, Houston, TX
Greater New York. New Art in New York Now, PS1, New York, NY
Contact: A 90’s Journal, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX
Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany
THE END: An Independent Vision of Contemporary Culture, 1982-2000, Exit Art, New York, NY
1999
Malmö Konsthall, Malmö, Sweden (solo)
Art Institute of Chicago, IL (solo)
Patrick Painter Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
D’Amelio Terras, New York (solo)
Galerie Jerôme de Noirmont, Paris, France (solo)
Henie Onstad Artsentre, Oslo, Norway (solo)
Tensta Konsthall, Spanga, Sweden (solo)
Heaven: An Exhibition That Will Break Your Heart, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, England
Zeitwenden: Rückblick und Ausblick, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany
Shirin Neshat: Rapture/ Pipilotti Rist: Sip My Ocean, The Fabric Workshop and Museum, Philadelphia, PA
Voiceovers, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Project 70: Shirin Neshat, Simon Patterson, Xu Bing, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYMy Culture? My Self. Lee Friedlander, Gerhard Richter, Christian Boltanski, Shirin Neshat, Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy
Exploding Cinema, Rotterdam Film Festival, Boijman Museum, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Unfinished History, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
Video Cultures, ZKM/Museum of Contemporary Art, Karlsruhe, Germany
La Ville, Le Jardin, la Memoire, Villa Medici, Rome, Italy
Global Art Rheinland 2000, Ludwig Museum, Cologne, Germany
SITE SANTA FE: Looking For A Place, Santa Fe, NM
Zeitwenden-outlook into the next millennium, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany
Heavenly Figure, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
1998
Tate Gallery, London, England (solo)
Whitney Museum of American Art, Philip Morris Branch, New York, NY (solo)
Maison Européene de la Photographie, Paris, France(solo)
Thomas Rehbein Gallery, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Unfinished History, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
In The Detail, Barbara Gross Galerie, Munich, Germany
7th Summer of Photography, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp, Belgium
Mar de Fondo Roman, Theatre of Sagunto, Valencia, Spain
Vanessa Beecroft & Shirin Neshat, Galleria d’Arte Moderna, Bologna, Italy
Maschile Femminile e oltre, Palazzo Branciforte, Palermo, Italy
Mostrato, Pescara, Italy
ECHOLOT, Museum Fridercianum Kassel, Germany
Transatlantico, Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderno, Canary Islands, Spain
A Noir, Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy
Interference, Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Genders and Nations: Reflections on Women in Revolution, Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
5th International Istanbul Biennale: On Life, Beauty, Translations and Other Difficulties, Istanbul, Turkey
2nd Johannesburg Biennale 1997, Trade Routes: History and Geography, Johannesburg, South Africa
Unbeschreiblich Weiblich, Fotomanifestatie Noorderlicht, Groningen, Holland
1997
Museum of Modern Art, Ljubljana, Slovania (solo)
Annina Nosei Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Lumen Travo, Amsterdam, Holland (solo)
Artspeak, Vancouver, Canada (solo)
Triple X: Contemporary Investigating Arts, International Art Festival, Amsterdam, Holland
Der Rest der Welt, Haus Der Kulturen Der Welt, Berlin, Germany
International Art Festival City of Medellin, Medellin, Columbia
Foto text/text foto, Museum of Modern Art, Bolzano, Italy
Frankfurt Kunstverein, Frankfurt, Germany
Le Masque et le Miroir, Museum of Contemporary Art of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Jurassic Technologies Revenant, Sydney Biennial, Sydney, Australia
Le Masque et le Miroir, Rencontres, France
Internationales de la Photographie, Arles, France
Inclusion/Exclusion, Kunstlerhaus, Graz, Austria
Radical Images: Austrian Triennal of Photography 1996, Neue Galerie; Kunstlerhause, Graz, Austria
Kunsthalle Szombathely, Hungary
Interzones, Kunstforeningen Gl. Strand, Copenhagen, Denmark
Uppsala Konstmuseum, Uppsala, Sweden
Ghostwriter (a project in collaboration with Jamielie Hassan), Mercer Union, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Group Exhibition, Haines Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Auf Den Leib, Kunsthalle, Vienna, Austria
Gallery Artists, Galerie Lumen Travo, Amsterdam, Holland
Imaginary Beings, Exit Art, New York, NY
Video Installation commissioned by Creative Time for Anchorage, Brooklyn Bridge, New York, NY
1996
Centre d’Art Contemporain Kunsthalle, Fribourg, Switzerland (solo)
Marco Noire Contemporary Arts, Turin, Italy (solo)
Lucio Amelio Gallery, Naples, Italy (solo)
Haines Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
1995
Annina Nosei Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Orientation, USA participation, Istanbul Biennial 95, Turkey
Transculture, Venice Biennial 95, Venice, Italy
Contemporary Art Museum, Okayama, Japan
Campo ‘95, Venice Biennial 95, Venice, Italy
Fondazione Sandretto Rebaudengo Per L’Arte, Turin, Italy
It’s How You Play the Game, Exit Art, New York, NY
1994
Three New Photographers, Haines Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Revolving Histories, SF Camerawork, San Francisco, CA
Selection from the Artists File, Artists Space, New York, NY
Labyrinth of Exile: Recent Works by Four Contemporary Iranian Artists, Fowler Museum of Cultural History, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Fever, Wexner Center, Columbus, OH
Beyond the Borders: Art By Recent Immigrants, The Bronx Museum of the Arts, Bronx, NY
1993
Franklin Furnace, New York, NY (solo)
The Office: History, Fantasy and Irregular Protocols, site-specific Installations in an abandoned Wall Street office building, organized by the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council in New York, NY
1990
Fever, Exit Art Gallery, New York, NY

Public Collections

Fondazione Querini Stampalia ONLUS, Venice, Italy
ARKEN Museum for Moderne Kunst, Copenhagen, Sweden
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, Australia
T-B A21 - Thyssen-Bornemisza Art Contemporary, Vienna, Austria
MUDAM - Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg
Musac - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Léon, Spain
Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona, Spain
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, USA
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago - MCA Chicago, Chicago, USA
ICP - International Center of Photography, New York City, USA
Broad Contemporary Art Museum, Santa Monica, USA
Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin, Italy
21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art - Kanazawa, Kanazawa, Japan
Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain
Tate Britain, London, England

Literature

2008
Paixóns Privadas, Visións Públicas Collections D.O. Galicia, Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain, 2008
Denken in Bildern, Hatje Cantz and Staatliche Museen, Berlin
Art Editions 6, Edition Schellmann, New York, 2008
Prospect.1New Orleans, Picturebox, Brooklyn, 2008
Stations: 100 Masterpieces of Contemporary Art, DuMont Buchverlag, Köln, 2008
Sale, Teel and Claudia Betti, Drawing: A Contemporary Approach, Thomson Wadsworth: USA, 2008
Jensen, Mona, Shirin Neshat: Women Without Men, Narayana Press and the ARoS Kunstmuseum, 2008
Parts and the Whole, Fundación Foto Colectania, Barcelona, 2008
Volume 2 of the MUSAC Collection, MUSAC, 2008
Black and White, Kaare Berntsen, Oslo, 2008
Erranti / Wanderers, Silvana Editoriale, Milan, 2008
Rodemburg, Katja, IK, Ophelia, d’Jonge Hond, 2008
2006
“Without Boundary: Seventeen Ways of Looking”, New Yorker, April 17, 2006, pg. 13
Green, Tyler, “MOMA Keeps the Walls Clean; Islamic Show Sans Politics”, The New York Observer, April 3, 2006
The Conscious Reader, Tenth Edition, Pearson Education Inc, New York, pp.188-9.
2005
Paparoni, Demetrio, L’arte contemporanea e il suo metodo, Grafica Veneta S.p.A. di Trebaseleghe. Venice. 2005
Ravenal, John, “Shirin Neshat: Double Vision” in Reclaiming Female Agency: Feminist Art History After Postmodernism, edited by Norma Broude and Mary D. Garrard, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005, pp. 447-458.
Art 2: Practice, eds. Margaret Marsh, Michelle Watts, Craig Malyon, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 256.
2004
Thorson, Alice, “Women resisting repression,” The Kansas City Star, Dec. 19, 2004.
McNamara, TJ. “Raw Power from the Shadows.” New Zealand Harold, September 1st.
Brownson, Ron. Through the Eyes of Shirin Neshat. Auckland Art Gallery, August 2004.
2003
Aghdashloo, Aydeen. Cultural Criticism: Conversations on Art. Published by Fanoos, Tehran, Iran. (Chapter on Shirin Neshat, pp. 193-201).
Riveroli, Julieta. “Atribuye Censura a Poder Expresivo.” Reforma, Mexico, June 5, 2003.
Vitali, Valentina. “Between Art and Cinema: A Conversation with Shirin Neshat.” N Paradoxa. Volume 12. 2003, pp. 33 43.
2002
Price, Stuart. “Don’t Miss.” The Independent, London. November 1, 2002.
Macdonald, Susan. “Artist in search of truth after the revolution.” The Times. October 26, 2002, pp. 8-9 and section cover.
Art Tomorrow, Edward Lucie-Smith, Paris 2002
2001
Great Themes in Art, John Walford, Prentice Hall.
Nejadmehr, Rasoul, “Den kvinnliga blickens hemlighet (“The Secret of the Female Gaze”),” Divan, 1-2.
Root, Deborah, “The Ambivalent Yearnings of Shirin Neshat,” Prefix Photo, Volume 2, Number 2, pp. 48-61.
2000
Malik, Amna, “The Poetics of the Veil,” Portfolio, issue #32.
Schjeldahl, Peter, “Pragmatic Hedonism,” The New Yorker, April 3.
Shirin Neshat: Two Installations, Bill Horrigan, Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.
1999
Cream. Contemporary Art in Culture, New York, Phaidon Press.
Miller, Paul, “Motion Picture: Shirin Neshat’s Turbulent,” Parkett, issue #54.
Neel, Alex, “Shirin Neshat: Turbulent,” Time Out New York, January 7.
1998
Geneva Anderson, “Fundamentale Gesichtspunkte: Ein Gesprach mit Shirin Neshat,” Neue Bildende Kunst.
Goodman, Jonathan, “Poetic Justice: Shirin Neshat Defends the Faith,” World Art, issue #16.
1997
Kleinschmidt, Klaus, “Shirin Neshat,” Spiegel Das KulturMagazin EXTRA Border/Lines, Toronto, Canada, February
Paldi, Livia, “Allah asszonyai,” interview, Budapest, Hungary, Balkon, June.
Shirin Neshat, Marco Noire Contemporary Art, solo exhibition catalogue, Turin, Italy.
1996
Echoes: Contemporary Art at the Age of Endless Conclusions, edited by Francesco Bonami, published by The Monacelli Press, New York.
Lemme, Maria Tiziana, “Femminismo e chador, le donne di Allah,” Naples, Italy, Il Mattino, February.
Smith, Roberta, “In Tomblike Vaults, the Future Flickers and Hums,” The New York Times, August 9.
1995
Zaya, Octavio, “Neshat: Quiero contarel complejo mundo de la mujer musulmana,” Spain, DIARIO 16.
Turner, Jonathan, “Biennial Blues,” Artnews, Summer
Orientation: 4th International Istanbul Biennial Transculture, Biennial of Venice, exhibition catalogue, Venice, Italy.
1994
Beyond the Borders: Art by Recent Immigrants, exhibition catalogue, The Bronx Museum of the Arts, Bronx, NY.
Zaya, Octavio, “Shirin Neshat and the Women of Allah,” interview, France, Purple Prose #7.
Wallach, Amei, “Rejecting The Melting Pot: My Canvas, My Self, Shirin Neshat,” New York Newsday.
1993
Bobby, Kate, “Exploring the Secrets of the Veil,” interview, New Directions For Women.