Saul Steinberg (American, 1914–1999) was a Romanian-born cartoonist and illustrator, who worked for the New Yorker for nearly 60 years. Steinberg briefly studied philosophy at the University of Bucharest and then architecture at the Polytechnic in Milan, graduating in 1940. Fleeing World War II, the artist spent a year waiting in the Dominican Republic for a US visa; eventually the New Yorker magazine sponsored his entry, leading to a life-long relationship with the publication. Steinberg drew 90 covers and more than 1,200 drawings for the magazine, but his quirky, sharply observed drawings, at times reminiscent of Dada, also crossed over into the fine arts world. Along with Arshile Gorky and Robert Motherwell, Steinberg exhibited work at in the show Fourteen Americans at the Museum of Modern Art, New York in 1948 and at the Betty Parsons Gallery, which was at the center of the Abstract Expressionist movement. The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York also held a Steinberg retrospective in 1978. The artist died in 1999; after his death, the Saul Steinberg Foundation was established to preserve and promote his work.

Timeline

1914
Born: in Râmnicu Sãrat, Romania
1932
Studied philosophy at the University of Bucharest, Romania
1933–1940
Studied architecture at the Politecnico in Milan, Italy
1941
Started publishing regularly in The New Yorker
1999
Died: in New York, NY

Exhibitions

2009–2010
Saul Steinberg: L'Écriture visuelle, Musée Tomi Ungerer, Strasbourg, France (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Works from the 50s–80s, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
NeoIntegrity: Comics Edition, Museum of Comics and Cartoon Art, New York, NY
American Iconography, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY
2009
Saul Steinberg: Landscapes, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Works from the 50's-80's., Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Action/Abstraction: Pollock, de Kooning, and American Art, 1940–1976, Jewish Museum, New York, NY
Reflections/Refractions: Self-Portraiture in the Twentieth Century, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A Walk on the Beach, PaceWildenstein, 534 West 25th Street, New York, NY
2008
Saul Steinberg: Tables and Other Sculptures, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg, Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
Sterne and Steinberg: Critics Within, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX
L'Art Contemporain à l'Exposition Universelle Expo '58, Musées Royaux de Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
Works on Paper, Rosenbaum Contemporary, Boca Raton, FL
All for Art! Great Private Collections Among Us, Museé des beaux-arts de Montréal, Canada
2007
A City on Paper: Saul Steinberg’s New York, Museum of the City of New York, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Works from the 50’s–80’s, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2006
Looking at Words, Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York, NY
2005
Steinberg at The New Yorker, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Graphic Masters: Highlights from the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, New York
2004
Saul Steinberg: Works from the 50’s–80’s, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Steinberg: An Intimate View of His Art and World, Visual Arts Museum at the School of Visual Arts, New York, NY (solo)
The Eunice and Hal David Collection of Nineteenth- and Twentieth Century Work on Paper, UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA
2003
American Short Stories: Saul Steinberg/Raymond Pettibon, Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami, FL
Aviary, Edward Thorp Gallery, New York, NY
Shadows and Reflections, The Painting Center, New York, NY
For Our Time: The Bennett Collection of Contemporary Art, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
A Way With Words, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
I Love New York, Mary Ryan Gallery, New York, NY
American Short Stories: Saul Steinberg / Raymond Pettibon, Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami, FL
2002
Saul Steinberg, Institut Valencia d'Art Modern, Valencia, Spain (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Selected Prints, Drawings and Books, Adam Baumgold Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Dessins, Galerie Maeght, Paris, Framce (solo)
2001
Modern Metropolis, The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York
2000
Art at Work: Forty Years of the Chase Manhattan Collection, Queens Museum of Art, Flushing Meadows, New York, NY
Land of the Free, Home of the Brave: American Immigrants in America in The Twentieth Century, Crane Kalman Gallery, London, UK
1999
Steinberg: Drawing into Being, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg Works from the 1950s to the 1980s, Adam Baumgold Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
Remembering: Saul Steinberg, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX (solo)
The Virginia and Bagley Wright Collection of Modern Art, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA
1998
Saul Steinberg Works from the 1950s to the 1980s: Estate of Sigrid Spaeth, Adam Baumgold Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
Proof Positive: Forty Years of Contemporary American Printmaking at ULAE, 1957–1987, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1997
Structures-Architecture in American Art, 1900–1997, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1996
Summer Group Exhibition, Baumgold, New York, NY
1995
Saul Steinberg, Adam Baumgold Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
Summer 1995, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY
Kitsch to Corbusier: Wallpapers From the 1950's, Cooper-Hewitt Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY
1994
Saul Steinberg on Art, Pace Drawings, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Major Works, Adam Baumgold Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)Saul Steinberg: About America, 1948–1995, 50 Works from the Collection of Fivia and Jeffrey Loria, Arthur Ross Gallery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Traveled to: Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT (solo)
1993
Saul Steinberg, Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, New York (solo)
Jean-François Millet: A Dialogue, Philippe Briet Gallery, New York, NY
Drawing the Line Against AIDS, exhibition in conjunction with Art Against AIDS Venezia under the aegis of the 45th Venice Biennale, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
New York on Paper, Galerie Beyler, Basel, Switzerland
City Pictures: 1912–1992, Beth Urdang Gallery, Boston, MA
Selections from the 25th Anniversary Projects, Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York, NY
1992
Saul Steinberg: The Discovery of America, The Pace Gallery, New York, NY (solo)Karikatur & Satire, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung München, Munich; KunstHausWien, Vienna; and Wilhelm-Busch-Museum, Hannover, GermnayAn Ode to Gardens and Flowers, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, New York
1991
The Pace Gallery exhibition at The Art Show, New York, NY (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Western Drawings, BlumHelman, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
High and Low: Modern Art and Popular Culture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
20th Century Collage, Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
The Art Show, Seventh Regiment Armory, New York, NY
Le Cabinet des dessins, Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul de Venice, France
Aspects of Collage, Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, New York
Selected Works on Paper, O'Hara Gallery, New York, NY
Le Collage Au XXème Siecle, Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Nice, France
1990
Galleria Seno, Milan, Italy (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Tables and Works on Paper, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Portrait of an American Gallery: The Pace Gallery, Galerie Isy Brachot, Brussels, Belgium
1989
The Linear Image; American Master Works on Paper, Marisa del Re Gallery, New York, NY
1988
Galerie Adrien Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Steinberg: 4. Kunsthalle Nürnberg, West Germany (solo)
Anthony Ralph Gallery, New York, NY
1987
Saul Steinberg: Recent Work, The Pace Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1986
Saul Steinberg, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Saul Steinberg, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH (solo)
Contemporary Work from The Pace Gallery, Moody Art Gallery, University of Alabama, AL
1985
Saul Steinberg, Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (solo)
Dorothy C. Miller: With an Eye to American Art, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA
The East Hampton Star 100th Anniversary Portfolio, Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, New York
1984
Flower as Image in Contemporary Art, Wave Hill, New York, NY
1983
Saul Steinberg, Waddington Galleries, London, UK (solo)
All Except You, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Saul Steinberg: The Tree: Nine Variations, Pace Editions, New York, NY (solo)
The University of Bridgeport, CT (solo)
1982
Saul Steinberg: Mixed Media on Paper and Wood, Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
Saul Steinberg: Still Life and Architecture, The Pace Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1980
Steinberg, The Faith and Charity in Hope Gallery, Hope, ID (solo)
Seven Decades of Twentieth Century Art from the Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection of The Museum of Modern Art and the Sidney Janis Gallery Collection, La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, CA. Traveled to: Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA
1978
Saul Steinberg, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1977
Saul Steinberg, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France and Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Drawing Today in New York, Hamilton Gallery of Contemporary Art, New York, NY
Documenta 6, Kassel, West Germany
American Drawing: 1927–77, Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, MN
The Object as Poet, Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C.
1976
Saul Steinberg, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Realism and Reality, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
Contemporary Images in Watercolor, Akron Art Institute, Akron, OH
1975
Exhibition organized by Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germnay. Traveled to: Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart; Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover; Kulturhaus der Stadt Graz, Graz; Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vienna, Austria
American Artists, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
1974
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Institute of Contemporary Arts, Boston, MA (solo)
Surrealismus et peinture, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
Contemporary American Artists, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
25 Stills, Downtown Branch of the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1973
Galleria Mario Tazzoli, Milan, Italy (solo)
Steinberg at the Smithsonian: The Metamorphosis of an Emblem, National Collection of Fine Arts, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Steinberg 1973, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)American Drawing 1970–1973, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
1972
Zeitgenossen karikieren Zeitgenossen, Kunsthalle, Recklinghausen, West Germany
Karikatur-Karikatur, Kunsthaus, Zurich, Switzerland
1971
Paintings and Drawings: Saul Steinberg, Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Galeries Maeght, Paris, France and Zurich, Switzerland )solo)
Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
31st Annual Exhibition: Works on Paper, Art Institute of Chicago, IL
Le dessin d'humour, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
Seven Enormously Popular American Artists, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1970
Steinberg, Kiki Gallery, Houston, TX (solo)
American Drawings of the Sixties: A Selection, New School Art Center, The New School for Social Research, New York, NY
The Drawing Society National Exhibition: 1970, A traveling exhibition organized by the American Federation of the Arts, New York, NY
Carnegie International Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
L'Art vivant aux Etats-Unis, Fondation Maeght, St. Paul de Venice, France
Seven Artists, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
Strings and Rope, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
1969
Drawings by Saul Steinberg, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
J.L. Hudson Gallery, Detroit, MI (solo)
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Drawings, Fort Worth Art Center Museum, Fort Worth, TX
1968
Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany (solo)
Irving Galleries, Milwaukee, WI (solo)
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark (solo)
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
Documentation: Sculpture—Painting—Drawing, Finch College Museum of Art, New York, NY
Aus der Traumbuch der Maler, Kunstverein, Frankfurt, Germany
An American Collection. The Neuberger Collection: Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
1967
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
B.C. Holland Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
Musée d'Art Moderne, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Obelisk Gallery, Boston, MA
Saul Steinberg: Tekeningen en Collages, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Holland (solo)
Zweite International der Zeichnung, Kunsthalle, Darmstadt, West Germany
1966
Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Saul Steinberg, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
A Selection of Paintings, Drawings, Collages and Sculpture from the Collection of Mrs. Billy Wilder, The Art Gallery at the University of California, Santa Barbara, CA
Labyrinthe, Kunstverein und Akademie der Kunste, Berlin, Germany
23ème Salon de Mai, Musée d'Art Moderne, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France
1965
Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT (solo)
A Decade of American Drawings: 1955–65, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Portraits from the American Art World, New School Art Center, New School for Social Research, New York, NY
1964
Die Kunst der Schrift, UNESCO traveling exhibition
1962
The Art Gallery, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (solo)
Modern American Art Selected from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Harris B. Steinberg, Horace Mann School, Riverdale, New York, NY
American Drawing Annual XIX, Norfolk Museum of Arts and Sciences, Norfolk, VA
1959
Musée d'Art Moderne, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
1958
The Iron Horse in Art: The Railroad as It Has Been Interpreted By Artists of the 19th and 20th Centuries, Fort Worth Art Center, Fort Worth, TX
World Cartoonists, Federiksburg Town Hall, Copenhagen, Denmark
Expo '58, United States Pavilion, World's Fair, Brussels, Belgium
1957
Institute of Contemporary Art, London, UK (solo)
Golden Years of American Drawings: 1905–1956, Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
1956
Allan Frumkin Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1955
Harvard School of Design, Cambridge, MA (solo)
1954
Saul Steinberg, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany (solo)
Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, TX (solo)
Frankfurter Kunstkabinett, Frankfurt, West Germany (solo)
Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland (solo)
Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, West Germany (solo)
Santa Barbara Museum, Santa Barbara, CA (solo)
X Triennale in Milan, Milan, Italy
The Roy and Marie Neuberger Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1953
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL (solo)
Galerie Blanche, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA (solo)
American Caricatures, American Federation of the Arts, New York, NY
1952
Gump's Gallery, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, UK (solo)
Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Frank Perls Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA (solo)
Galleria d'Obelisco, Rome, Italy (solo)
Galeria de Arte, São Paolo, Brazil (solo)
Kunsthalle, Wupperthal-Barmen, West Germany (solo)
Leopold-Hoesch-Museum, Düren, West Germany (solo)
Museu de Arte, São Paolo, Brazil (solo)
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Contemporary Drawings from Twelve Countries: 1945–52, Art Institute of Chicago, IL
Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture: The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Roy R. Neuberger, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
1951
Galleria L'Obelisco, Roma, Italy (solo)
1950
Saul Steinberg, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI (solo)
1949
An Exhibition for Modern Living, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan
Art Directors' Club: 28th Annual Exhibition of Advertising and Editorial Art of the New York Art Directors' Club, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture Watercolors and Drawings, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1948
Institute of Design, Chicago, IL (solo)
1946
Fourteen Americans, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1943
Saul Steinberg, Wakefield Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

Literature

2008
Topliss, Iain. Introduction to Saul Steinberg. Paris: Delpire Éditeur, 2008
2006
Smith, Joel with an introduction by Charles Simic. Saul Steinberg: Illuminations. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2006