Saul Steinberg (American, 1914–1999) was a Romanian-born cartoonist and illustrator, who worked for the New Yorker for nearly 60 years. Steinberg briefly studied philosophy at the University of Bucharest and then architecture at the Polytechnic in Milan, graduating in 1940. Fleeing World War II, the artist spent a year waiting in the Dominican Republic for a US visa; eventually the New Yorker magazine sponsored his entry, leading to a life-long relationship with the publication. Steinberg drew 90 covers and more than 1,200 drawings for the magazine, but his quirky, sharply observed drawings, at times reminiscent of Dada, also crossed over into the fine arts world. Along with Arshile Gorky and Robert Motherwell, Steinberg exhibited work at in the show Fourteen Americans at the Museum of Modern Art, New York in 1948 and at the Betty Parsons Gallery, which was at the center of the Abstract Expressionist movement. The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York also held a Steinberg retrospective in 1978. The artist died in 1999; after his death, the Saul Steinberg Foundation was established to preserve and promote his work.