Roy Lichtenstein  (American, 1923-1997) 

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Roy Lichtenstein (American, 1923–1997), painter and sculptor, was a leading member of the Pop Art movement. Born in New York City, Lichtenstein attended the Art Students League during his teenage years, before enrolling at Ohio State University to study art. In 1943, Lichtenstein was drafted into the army, serving for three years before returning to school. In 1949 he received an MFA, and continued to teach and to paint in Ohio for several years. His early 1950s works, painted in a European Modernist style, frequently depict uniquely “American” subject matters, including scenes of western expansion and even an adaptation of Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze’s famous Washington Crossing the Delaware.

In the 1960s, Lichtenstein moved to New Jersey to teach at Rutgers University, and began his iconic comic strip works, which marked a distinct break with his previous aesthetic. He painted images inspired by newspaper ads and comic strips in both subject matter and style, developing a technique that mimicked the screen-printed Ben-Day dots used in print media. Lichtenstein was motivated to create works that no one would want to hang on the walls, later commenting that “The one thing everyone hated was commercial art; apparently they didn't hate that enough, either. A solo show of such works at the Leo Castelli Gallery in 1962 garnered him critical acclaim and notoriety in the art world. His work continued to incorporate pop culture themes, displaying static images of figures, brushstrokes, landscapes, mirrors, reflections, and other subject matters in an ironic style. His later works feature close examinations of illusionism and the representation of reality in art. A very prolific, celebrated, and sought-after artist, Lichtenstein created many public sculptures during his lifetime, and his work has been the subject of many retrospectives around the world. He died in New York City in 1997, at 74 years old.

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Roy Lichtenstein, Mermaid (from Surrealist series)

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Mermaid (from Surrealist series)
1978
end time: Apr 24, 2014 12:40 PM EST
artnet Auctions
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Roy Lichtenstein, Red Lamp

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Red Lamp
1992
end time: Apr 23, 2014 12:40 PM EST
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Roy Lichtenstein, Brushstroke Stamp

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Brushstroke Stamp
1970
end time: Apr 23, 2014 12:15 PM EST
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Roy Lichtenstein, Liberté (from Mémoire de la Liberté)

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Liberté (from Mémoire de la Liberté)
1990
end time: Apr 23, 2014 10:30 AM EST
artnet Auctions
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Roy Lichtenstein, Brushstroke Contest

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Brushstroke Contest
1989

Puccio Fine Art
Roy Lichtenstein, REFLECTIONS ON BRUSHSTROKES

 

Roy Lichtenstein
REFLECTIONS ON BRUSHSTROKES
1990

Galerie Hafenrichter
Roy Lichtenstein, Imperfect Diptych

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Imperfect Diptych
1988

Zane Bennett Contemporary Art
Roy Lichtenstein, Reflections on Girl

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Reflections on Girl
1990

Puccio Fine Art
Roy Lichtenstein, Mirror #1 (4 works)

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Mirror #1 (4 works)
1972

Auction: Apr 24, 2014
Heffel Fine Art Auction House
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Roy Lichtenstein, Sunrise

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Sunrise, 1965
color offset lithograph

 

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Roy Lichtenstein, Still Life with red jar

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Still Life with red jar, 1994
color silkscreen

 

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Roy Lichtenstein, Reflections on brushstrokes (from Reflections)

 

Roy Lichtenstein
Reflections on brushstrokes (from Reflections), 1990
lithograph, silkscreen, woodcut, collage and embossing

 

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1923   Born in New York, NY
1937   Enrolled in Saturday morning watercolor classes at Parsons School of Design, New York, NY
Played clarinet, piano, and jazz flute during high school
1939   Saw Picasso’s 1937 masterwork Guernica at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1940   Studied at the Art Students League, New York, NY
1943   Inducted into US Army
1944   Served as a draftsman and artist in G-3 (Plans and Training)
His division was shipped to England, where he saw exhibitions of Cézanne and Toulouse Lautrec, London, UK
1945   His unit went to France, Belgium, Germany
1946   Honorable discharge from the army as Private First Class/121st Engineers P Battalion
Recipient, American Service Medal, Eame Service Medal, Good Conduct Medal and World War II Victorious Medal
BFA, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
1949   MFA, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
1995   Recipient, National Medal of the Arts
1996   Recipient, Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts from George Washington University, Washington, DC
1997   Died in New York, NY
2013   Pop Art Accrochage, Fluegel-Roncak Gallery, Nuremberg, Germany
Word And Image - Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, NH
Lichtenstein: A Retrospective - Tate Modern, London (England)
The Pop Object: The Still Life Tradition in Pop Art - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY
Vibrations - Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
The 60s In The Guggenheim Collections. From Informel To Pop Art - Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Il Guggenheim. L'avanguardia americana 1945–1980 - Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome
bedroom. - Collectors Contemporary, Singapore
2012   Roy Lichtenstein - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Pop remix - QUT Art Museum, Brisbane, QLD
Roy Lichtenstein: A Retrospective - The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Roy Lichtenstein - The University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, Alberta
The 1960s - The University of Lethbridge Art Gallery, Lethbridge, Alberta
Roy Lichtenstein - Landscapes in the Chinese Style - Gagosian Gallery, New York City, NY
2011   Roy Lichtenstein - Gallery Tagboat , Tokyo
ROY LICHTENSTEIN - Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong, SAR
Three Landscapes: A Film Installation by Roy Lichtenstein - Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NY
Entablatures - Paula Cooper Gallery, New York City, NY
Galerie Fluegel-Roncak ROY LICHTENSTEIN – Dots and Stripes - Galerie Fluegel-Roncak, Nuremberg
Roy Lichtenstein - Black & White 1961 - 1968 - Albertina, Vienna
Roy Lichtenstein - Posters and more - Ludwig Galerie - Schloß Oberhausen, Oberhausen
2010   The Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection: Selected Works, National Gallery of Art Washington, DC (solo)
Roy Lichtenstein: Meditations on Art, Museo Triennale, Milan, Italy (solo)
Roy Lichtenstein: Still Lifes, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Roy Lichtenstein: Kunst als Motiv, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Roy Lichtenstein, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2009   Lichtenstein: in Process, Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis, TN
2008   Liebe. Love. Paare, Gustav-Lubcke-Museum, Hamm, Germany
Ruscha and Pop: Icons of the 1960s, Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, NH
2007   Art Market Now, The Columns, Seoul, South Korea
Pop Art Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, UK
2006   Picasso to Pop: Aspects of Modern Art, The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT
2005   Pollock To Pop: America's Brush With Dali, Salvador Dali Museum, St. Petersburg, FL
Contemporary Voices, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland
2004   Reina Sofía, Roy Lichtenstein, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Hayward Gallery, Roy Lichtenstein, London, England (solo)
Langen Foundation Hombroich, Bilder der Stille – Eröffnungsausstellung, Neuss, Germany
Kunst Haus, International Exhibition of Modern Art and the Museum of Modern Art, Dresden, Germany
Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, 20 years, Salzburg, Austria
Centre de Cultura Contemporània, AT WAR, Barcelona, Spain
Albertina, Pop Art & Minimalismus, Vienna, Austria
Neue Nationalgalerie, Das MoMA, Berlin, Germany
Moderna Museet, The Pontus Hultén Collection, Stockholm, Sweden
Wexner Center for the Arts, Splat Boom Pow!, Columbus, OH
Andipa Gallery, Dots, Stripes and Strokes, London, England (solo)
2003   BA-CA Kunstforum, Roy Lichtenstein, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)
NRW-Forum, AUTO-NOM, Dusseldorf, Germany
Neue Galerie, SUPPORT 1 - Die Neue Galerie als Sammlung, Graz, Austria
Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, Germany
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
Museum kunst palast, Dusseldorf, Germany
Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain
2002   Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finaland (solo)
Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany (solo)
Galerie Terminus, Munich, Germany (solo)
Tate Liverpool, UK
2001   Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, NY (solo)
Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Leo Castelli, New York, NY (solo)
2000   Paula Cooper Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1999   Lawrence Rubin, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Bass Museum of Art, Miami, FL (solo)
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA (solo)
1998   Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia (solo)
1994   Roy Lichtenstein: Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)
1993   Galerie Friebe, Lüdenscheid, Germany (solo)
1987   Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX (solo)
Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
1975   Centre national d'art contemporain, Paris, France
Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, Germany
1972   Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX
1969   Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1967   Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netheralnds
1966   Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
1964   Gallery Ileana Sonnabend, Paris, France
1962   Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, NY
New Realists, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
New Painting of Common Objects, Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA
1951   First one man show, New York, NY
  MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
  Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NY
  San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
  The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC
  Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego - MCASD La Jolla, La Jolla, CA
  Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL
  Los Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA
  The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN
  Vanderbilt University Fine Arts Gallery, Nashville, TN
  Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
  Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY
  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
  Berardo Museum - Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art, Lisbon, Portugal
  Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona, Spain
  Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
  Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  Tate Britain, London, England
  Tate Modern, London, England
  Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland
  Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main, Germany
  Ludwig Galerie - Schloß Oberhausen, Oberhausen, Germany
  Ludwig Museum - Museum of Contemporary Art - Budapest, Budapest, Hungary
  Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
  Museo D'Arte Contemporanea Donna Regina - MADRE, Naples, Italy
  MART- Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto, Italy
  Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Lichtenstein
  Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, New Zealand
  National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, ACT, Australia
  Museum of Contemporary Art Sydney - MCA, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK , Vienna, Austria
  National Gallery of Canada - Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark
  Kiasma - Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
  MAMAC - Musee d´Art Moderne et d`Art Contemporain Nice, Nice, France
  IAC - Institut d'art contemporain Villeurbanne/Rhône-Alpes, Villeurbanne, France