Roxy Paine (American, b.1966) is a Contemporary sculptor and painter, best known for his large-scale, tree-like structures. Paine attended the College of Santa Fe in New Mexico and the Pratt Institute in New York. In addition to his outdoor tree sculptures—which he calls Dendroids—Paine creates sculptures and paintings using computer-operated devices and robotics. The first Dendroid sculpture was Imposter (1999). These works are often crafted using stainless steel pipes and panels that are bent and dented to resemble a tree's network of branches. A similar set of sculptural works, called Replicants, are also made using industrial materials, and are then carefully painted by hand to mimic natural plants and fungi. One of Paine's best-known and most ambitious Dendroid creations is Maelstrom (2009), which was temporarily installed on the rooftop garden at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Measuring 29 x 130 x 45 feet, the sculpture appeared to grow out of the Museum itself. Visitors were even invited to touch and climb upon the work. Paine's Dendroids, in both appearance and name, reference not only the branches of plant life, but other branching networks, including the dendrites of neurological systems. His work frequently confronts the relationship between the organic and the artificial, and strives to evoke the sense of awe often inspired by nature. Paine's art has been displayed in various museums, including the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. He currently lives and works in Brooklyn and Treadwell, NY.

Timeline

1966
Born in New York, New York
1986–1987
College of Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico
1987–1989
Pratt Institute, New York
2008
Art Basel 39 Public Art Projects

Exhibitions

2013
Kavi Gupta, Chicago, IL
2011
Roxy Paine: Scumaks and Dendroids, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO (solo)
2010
James Cohan Gallery, New York (solo)
2010
Wanas Foundation, Knislinge, Sweden (solo)
2010
The Secret Lives of Trees, Galleria Monica De Cardenas, Zuoz
2009
Reflection, Refraction, Reconfiguration: Mediated Images from the Collection of Polly and Mark Addison, University Art Museum, Colorado State University
2009
Roxy Paine: Dendroid Drawings and Maquettes, James Cohan Gallery, New York (solo)
2009
Roxy Paine on the Roof: Maelstrom, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (solo)
2009
Roxy Paine: Inversion, Jablonka Galerie Berlin at Art Basel
2008
Ester Partegàs, Galeria Helga de Alvear, Madrid (solo)
2008
Ester Partegàs: The Invisible, The Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Ridgefield, CT(solo)
2008
Roxy Paine: SCUMAKS, James Cohan Gallery, New York (solo)
2008
Bending Nature, Franklin Park Conservatory, Columbus
2008
Bizarre Perfection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem
2008
Freedom: Den Haag Sculptur 2008, The Hague, The Netherlands
2008
Public Art Projects: Art Basel 39, Basel
2008
Paragons: New Abstraction from the Albright-Knox Gallery, Doris McCarthy Gallery, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto
2007
Delicatessen, Florida Atlantic University Dorothy F. Schmidt Center Gallery, Boca Raton, Florida
2007
Art Machines/Machine Art, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt
2007
Molecules that Matter, Tang Teaching Museum, Saratoga Springs
2007
The Outdoor Gallery: 40 Years of Public Art in New York City Parks; The Arsenal Gallery in Central Park, New York
2007
Drawings from the Collection of Martina Yamin, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College
2007
you are, the world is, Christopher Grimes Gallery, Santa Monica, CA, (solo)
2007
INVADERS: Ester Partegàs, Museo nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid (solo)
2007
Saturated Fat, Nogueras Blanchard, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
2007
2nd Moscow Biennale, Federation Tower, Moscow
2007
Cart(ajena), Cartagena de las Indias, Colombia
2007
Roxy Paine, Madison Square Park, New York, New York
2006
New Work, James Cohan Gallery, New York, New York
2006
Roxy Paine: PMU, Portland Art Museum, Oregon
2006
Saturated Fat, Foxy Production, New York, NY (solo)
2006
We the People, Christopher Grimes Gallery, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
2006
Less World, Uplands Gallery, Melbourne (solo)
2006
Recent Acquisitions, Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal
2006
Meditations in an Emergency, MOCAD, Detroit
2006
Garden Paradise, curated by Lacy Davisson Doyle and Clare Weiss, The Arsenal Gallery in Central Park, New York
2006
Fixed and Hazardous Objects, Virginia Commonwealth University Gallery, Richmond, VA (solo)
2006
Les coses més importants, Cercle Cultural CajaMadrid, Barcelona (solo)
2006
Las cosas más importantes, 16 Provectos de Arte Español, Arco, Madrid (solo)
2005
Barricades, Galeria Helga de Alvear, Madrid (solo)
2004
Defunct, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO (ongoing)
2003
Armory, Piers 88 and 90, 12th Avenue, New York, New York
2003
Roxy Paine/Second Nature, SITE Santa Fe, Santa Fe, AZ
2002
Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
2002
Inoculate, James Cohen Gallery, New York
2001
Roxy Paine, MOCA PMU, Miami, FL
2001
Give and Take, Serpentine Gallery, London, England
1998
Roxy Paine, Renate Schroder Galerie, Cologne, D
1997
Benefit for Pat Heam, Morris-Healy Gallery, New York
1995
Roxy Paine, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, New York
1994
Free Falling, Berlin Shafir Gallery, New York
1991
Entropy, Generator 547, New York

Literature

2001
C. Knight, 'Rpxy Paine, The Los Angeles Times, June 15, p. F26
2001
A. Landi, 'The Big Dipper', ARTnews, January, pp. 136-39
1999
D. Nahas, 'Roxy Paine', Flash Art, 32, May - June, pp. 114-15
1996
R. Smith, 'Inside/Out', The New York Times, September 20
1992
E. Hess, 'Give Me Fever', The Village Voice, December 29, p. 95