Roxy Paine (American, b.1966) is a Contemporary sculptor and painter, best known for his large-scale, tree-like structures. Paine attended the College of Santa Fe in New Mexico and the Pratt Institute in New York. In addition to his outdoor tree sculptures—which he calls Dendroids—Paine creates sculptures and paintings using computer-operated devices and robotics. The first Dendroid sculpture was Imposter (1999). These works are often crafted using stainless steel pipes and panels that are bent and dented to resemble a tree's network of branches. A similar set of sculptural works, called Replicants, are also made using industrial materials, and are then carefully painted by hand to mimic natural plants and fungi. One of Paine's best-known and most ambitious Dendroid creations is Maelstrom (2009), which was temporarily installed on the rooftop garden at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Measuring 29 x 130 x 45 feet, the sculpture appeared to grow out of the Museum itself. Visitors were even invited to touch and climb upon the work. Paine's Dendroids, in both appearance and name, reference not only the branches of plant life, but other branching networks, including the dendrites of neurological systems. His work frequently confronts the relationship between the organic and the artificial, and strives to evoke the sense of awe often inspired by nature. Paine's art has been displayed in various museums, including the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. He currently lives and works in Brooklyn and Treadwell, NY.