Robert Rauschenberg  (American, 1925-2008) 

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Robert Rauschenberg Biography
1925   Born in Port Arthur, TX
1947   Studied at the Académie Julian, Paris, France
1947 - 1948   Studied at the Kansas City Art Institute, Kansas City, KS
1948 - 1949   Studied at the Black Mountain College, Asheville, NC under Josef Albers. Met Cunningham and John Cage
1949 - 1952   Studied at the Art Students League in New York, NY
1952 - 1953   Traveled to Europe and North Africa with Cy Twombly
1953   Met Jasper Johns who became a great influence to his work. The two artists shared neighboring studios.
1962   Made his first lithograph at Universal Limited Art Editions (ULAE) in West Islip, NY
1964   Grand prize in painting at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1966   Experimented with electronics in his art
1970   Created the first Earth Day poster
1970   Established a permanent residence and studio in Captiva, FL
1984   Began "The Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange"
1990   Started The Rauschenberg Foundation, a non-profit entity devoted to projects that increase public awareness about subjects of vital interest to the artist
1990   Created the 20th anniversary Earth Day poster
1985 - 1991   ROCI—Rauschenberg Overseas Culture Interchange
2008   Died in Captiva, FL
Selected Exhibitions
2013   Contemporary Art - Orlando Museum of Art, Orlando, FL
Rauschenberg at Gemini - Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, CA
The Bride and the Bachelors: Duchamp with Cage, Cunningham, Rauschenberg and Johns - Barbican Art Gallery, London
The Artist and the Poet - The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
The Pop Object: The Still Life Tradition in Pop Art - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York
The 60s In The Guggenheim Collections. From Informel To Pop Art - Peggy Guggenheim
Robert Rauschenberg - Jammers - Gagosian Gallery, London (England)
Multiples - Elizabeth Leach Gallery, Portland, OR
2012   Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI (solo)
Early Photographs - Gagosian Gallery, London (England)
North African Collages and Scatole Personali c. 1952 - Craig F. Starr Gallery, New York City, NY
Robert Rauschenberg and His Contemporaries: Works from the Collections of Martina Hamilton and Hamilton College - GRAM - Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI
Robert Rauschenberg - 5 Decades of Printmaking - Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
2011   Rauschenberg: Prints from Universal Limited Art Editions, 1962-2008 - Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, Norman, OK
ROBERT RAUSCHENBERG - Gagosian Gallery, Paris
Rock, Paper, Scissor - Jim Kempner Fine Art, New York City, NY
Selected Prints By Robert Rauschenberg From The Mfah Collection - MFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX
Robert Rauschenberg - Devin Borden Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, TX
Open Score By Robert Rauschenberg - Seventeen Gallery, London (England)
Robert Rauschenberg: Botanical Vaudeville - Inverleith House, Edinburgh (Scotland)
Rauschenberg Print - RH Gallery, New York City, NY
2010   Signs of the Times: Robert Rauschenberg's America, MMoCA, The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WI (solo)
Uma Aventura Moderna - Coleção de Arte Renault, Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Black Cube Gallery, Barcelona
Rauschenberg at Gemini, Armory Center for the Arts, Pasadena, CA (solo)
2009   Robert Rauschenberg: Gluts, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy (solo)
Au Courant: Robert Rauschenberg‘s Currents, Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia: 1860-1989, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
2008   Robert Rauschenberg: Runts, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Artist-Citizen: Posteres for a Better World, Bob Rauschenberg Gallery, Ft. Myers, FL (solo)
Whatever is There is a Truth, Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, WI (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, The Lotus Series, Larissa Goldston Gallery, New York City, NY;Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Prints/Editions 1962-78, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg in the Collection of the Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, CA (solo)
Rauschenberg: Booster, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA (solo)
Rauschenberg, University of South Florida Contemporary Art Museum, Tampa, FL (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Travelling '70 - '76, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Scenarios, Griffin Contemporary, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, graficá 1976-2000, La Caja Negra, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2007   Rauschenberg. Express, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Nothing and everything, Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Robert Rauschenberg: Cardboards and Related Pieces, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)
Selected Works 1974 - 1999, Michael Schultz Gallery, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Three Decades, Galleri Faurschou, Beijing, China (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Galleri Faurschou, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Let the World In, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: em viagem 70-76, Museu Serralves - Museu de Arte Contemporânea, Porto, Portugal (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Galerie Lelong, Paris, France (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2006   Robert Rauschenberg, Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Gallery Hyundai, Seoul, South Corea (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, MOCA THE GEFFEN CONTEMPORARY, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Spread and Scale, Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Art from Life: Prints by Robert Rauschenberg, Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CA (solo)
Focus Room. Robert Rauschenberg, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Scenarios and Short Stories, Jepson Center for the Arts, Savannah, GA (solo)
Rauschenberg: Prints, Jim Kempner Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
2005   Rauschenberg - Rosenquist - Lichtenstein, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Galerie Terminus, Munich, Germany (solo)
Dialogues: Duchamp, Cornell, Johns, Rauschenberg, Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Robert Rauschenberg: on and off the wall, Musée d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain Nice, Nice, France (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg-Combines, organized by The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA in association with The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Scenarios and Short Stories, Paul and Lulu Hilliard University Art Museum, Lafayette, IN (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Locks Gallery, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, MAM - Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL (solo)
2004   Mostly Photography - Art since 1980 from the Collection, Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MA
What´s modern?, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
Made in USA popart, Galerie Laurent Strouk, Paris, France
Robert Rauschenberg, Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, UK (solo)
15 Minutes of Fame: 20 Years of Pop Prints, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Robert Rauschenberg, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Robert Rauschenberg: Current Scenarios, Wadsworth Museum of Art, Hartford, CT (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Scent and Pull, Kennedy Museum of Art, Athens, OH
2003   Popular, Pop & Post-Pop: Color Screenprints 1930s to Now, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Prints & Unique Work, Jim Kempner Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
2002   An American Legacy, A Gift to New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Robert Rauschenberg - Les dix dernières années, Musée Maillol - Fondation Dina Vierny, Paris, France (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Short Stories, Waddington Galleries, London, UK (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Recent Work, The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA (solo)
2001   Modernism & Abstraction: Treasures from the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Robert Rauschenberg - Ruminations, Völcker & freunde gallery, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Marrakech, La Caja Negra, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Short Stories, Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2000   Robert Rauschenberg - Apogamy Pods, PaceWildenstein, New York City, NY(solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Darryl Pottorf, Galerie Tanit, Munich, Germany
Robert Rauschenberg - Synapsis Shuffle, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
Highlights of Late 20th-Century Art from the Sydney and Frances Lewis Collection, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA
Robert Rauschenberg: Recent Work, Bob Rauschenberg Gallery, Ft. Myers, FL (solo)
1999   Robert Rauschenberg - Malerei, Galleri Faurschou, Copenhagen, Denmark
Robert Rauschenberg - Obra gráfica (1967-1979), Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - The 1/4 Mile or 2 Furlong Piece, Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams, MA(solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Photographs, Galleria Rubin, Milano, Italy (solo)
1998   Robert Rauschenberg. Obra gráfica 1967-1979, Museu d’Art Espanyol Contemporani (Fundación Juan March), Palma de MallorcaSpain (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Retrospectiva, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg - Anagrams (A Pun), Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
1997   Retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY in collaboration with the Menil Collection, Houston, TX Travelled to the Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany; Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain)(solo)
1996   Robert Rauschenberg - Anagrams, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY;Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Major Printed Works, 1962 1995, Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg: Sculpture, Museum of Contemporary Art - North Miami (MOCA), Miami, FL (solo)
1995   Robert Rauschenberg: Sculpture, The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX (solo)
Quake in Paradise - A Labyrinth, Galerie Jamileh Weber, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Rauschenberg, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France
1994   Albers, Rauschenberg, Stella - Graphik 1967-1970, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich
1993   Robert Rauschenberg, Sala Rekalde, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
1992   Robert Rauschenberg: Wax Fire Works, Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
1991   Robert Rauschenberg: The Early 1950s, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (solo)
1990   Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Robert Rauschenberg Soviet American Array, Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle, WA (solo)
1989   Robert Rauschenberg Bellini Series, Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle, WA (solo)
1988   Rauschenberg, 34 Drawings for Dante's Inferno and Selections from the Drawings Collection, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
1987   The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1986   Rauschenberg Overseas Cultural Interchange, Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Robert Rauschenberg: Photographs 1949–1984, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX (solo)
1985   Rauschenberg, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France
Robert Rauschenberg, Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain (solo)
1984   Rauschenberg/Performance, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX (solo)
1982   Rauschenberg in China, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
1981   Rauschenberg in the Rockies, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
1980   Robert Rauschenberg, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
1970 - 1971   Stoned moon series, Lithographien 1969-1970, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich, Switzerland
1970   Robert Rauschenberg : prints 1948-1970, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
1969   Robert Rauschenberg in Black and White, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA
Robert Rauschenberg: Selections, The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX (solo)
1968   Rauschenberg: Soundings, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
1965   Rauschenberg: 34 Drawings for Dante's Inferno, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
Robert Rauschenberg, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX (solo)
1964   Robert Rauschenberg, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK (solo)
1963   Retrospective, Jewish Museum, New York, NY (solo)
1951   Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Selected Public Collections
  Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, Germany
  Ludwig Museum - Museum of Contemporary Art - Budapest, Budapest, Hungary
  Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  Musée d´Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain Nice, Nice, France
  Les Abattoirs de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
  Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona , Spain
  Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona, Spain
  Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, Spain
  Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain
  Tate Britain, London, UK
  MOCA - Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL
  Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO
  Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, CA
  Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY
  MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
  Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
  Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR
  San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
  Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
  The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH
  Austin Museum of Art - AMOA, Austin, TX
  The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
  Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
  Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
  The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago - MCA Chicago, Chicago, IL
  The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
  The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
  The Menil Collection, Houston, TX
Literature
2009   Brown, Trisha and Mimi Thompson. Robert Rauschenberg: Gluts. New York, NY: Guggenheim Publications, 2009 (catalogue)
2007   Selected Works 1974 - 1999. Berlin, Germany: Michael Schultz Gallery, 2007 (catalogue)
2006   Robert Rauschenberg Combines. Paris, France: Editions du Centre Pompidou, 2006 (catalogue)
2003   Ishagpour, Youssef. Rauschenberg, Le monde comme images de reproduction. Tours, France: Farrago, 2003
1993   Krauss, Rosalind. "Rauschenberg et l’image matérialisée”, in L’originalité de l’avant-garde et autres mythes modernistes, Paris, France: Macula, 1993
1981   Rauschenberg photographe. Paris, France: Editions du Centre Pompidou, 1981 (catalogue)

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