Robert Indiana (American, b.1928), born Robert Clark in New Castle, Indiana, adopted the name of his home state as a pseudonym early in his career. After studying at the Art Institute of Chicago, Indiana moved to New York, where he became a prominent member of the Pop Art movement. Indiana defined himself as a “sign painter” because of his preference for iconic images of numbers and letters, often taken from the American signs around him. He is best known for his LOVE paintings and sculptures, which have come to represent peace internationally. Indiana’s interest in politics and social issues, which separates him from other Pop artists, is evident in numerous works, including his YIELD paintings, the Confederacy series from 1965–1966, and the more recent Peace paintings. He is represented by numerous galleries such as Galerie Gmurzynska in Zurich, Switzerland and Paul Kasmin Gallery in New York, NY. In 1978, the artist left New York City to settle on the island of Vinalhaven, near the coast of Maine, where he lives and works today.


Born: New Castle, IN
B.F.A. at the School of Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Attended the Edinburgh College of Art, Scotland on the George Brown Travelling Fellowship
Moved to New York
Appeared in the Andy Warhol film Eat
Recieved Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree from Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Designed the immensely popular multi-colored "Love" on a United States postage stamp
Awarded Honorary Degree of Doctor of Fine Arts by University of Indiana, Bloomington, IN
Recieved Honorary Doctoral Degree from Colby College, Waterville, MA
Lives and works in Vinalhaven, Maine


Pop Art Accrochage, Fluegel-Roncak Gallery, Nuremberg, Germany
All You Need IS LOVE - Mori Art Museum, Tokyo
The Pop Object: The Still Life Tradition in Pop Art - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY
Now Here is also Nowhere: Part II - Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA
Bal Harbour - Rosenbaum Contemporary, Boca Raton, FL
Hope - Contini Galleria d´Arte, Venice
Robert Indiana: Sculptures - Waddington Custot Galleries, London (England)
Robert Indiana: New & Classic Works - Rosenbaum Contemporary, Boca Raton, FL
Robert Indiana: Rare Works from 1959 on Coenties Slip - Galerie Gmurzynska - Zürich, Zurich
Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL
Robert Indiana and the Star of Hope - Farnsworth Art Museum, Rockland, ME (solo)
Sculpture: Post-War to Present - Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York City, NY
Von Picasso bis Warhol, Künstlerschmuck der Avantgarde - Museum für Angewandte Kunst, Cologne
Pressing Issues, Des Moines Art center, Des Moines, IA
Pop and Op, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
Art Market Now, The Columns, Seoul, South Korea
Life as a Legend - Marilyn Monroe, Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
Made in USA – ausgewählte Graphik, Galerie & Edition Bode GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany
Summer of Love Art of the Psychedelic Era, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Do it yourself - Positionen von den sechziger Jahren bis Heute, Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, Germany
40 Jahre Galerie Thomas, Galerie Thomas, Munich, Germany
Robert Indiana 66: Paintings and Sculpture, Price Tower Arts Center's, Bartlesville, OK
Letters, Words and Numbers, L & M Gallery, New York, NY
Retrospective, Musée D'Art Moderne Contemporain, Nice, France
Prints Retrospective, Susan Sheehan Gallery, New York, NY
Prints as Process, Baxter Gallery, Portland School of Art, MA
Vinalhaven Press 1985-1986, Portland Museum of Art, MA
Indiana's Indianas: A 25 Year Retrospective of Paintings and Sculptures from the Collection of Robert Indiana, National Museum of Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washingtonm, DC
Art about Art, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum retrospective travels to University Art Museum at University of Texas, Austin, TX; the Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, Virginia, VA; the Indianapoilis Museum of Art, Indiana, IN; the Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY; the Art Center, South Bend, Indiana, IN
Thirty Years of American Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, curated by Gene Baro, Brooklyn, NY
Galerie Denise Rene, New York, NY (solo)
American Art Since 1945, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
The Modern Image, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Galerie Denise Rene, New York, NY (solo)
The Prints and Posters of Robert Indiana, New England tour originates at St. Mary's College, Notre Dame, Indiana. Travels to Colby College of Art Museum, Waterville, ME; the Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, NH; the Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; the Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, ME; and Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
70 Years of American Art, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
First one-man museum exhibition travels to the Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, PA; the Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum, San Antonia, TX and the Herron Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
Word and Image, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Ninth Sao Paulo Bienal, Brazil
LOVE Exhibition at Stable Gallery, New York, NY
1966 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, Germany
Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany
Word and Image, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1965 Annual Exhibition of American Paintings, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, NY
Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Americans 1963, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Exhibits with Richard Stankeiwicz at the Walker Art Center, Mineapolis, MI (The show travels to The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA)
New Realists, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
Stable Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
The Art of Assemblage, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

Public Collections

Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld, Germany
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
Detroit Institute of Art, MI
Allentown Museum of Art, Allentown, PA
Baltimore Museum of Art, MD
Brandeis Museum, Waltham, MA
Albright-Knox Gallery of Art, Buffalo, New York, NY
Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA


Wilmerding John, Pissarro Joachim, Robert Pincus-Witten and Peter Halley. Robert Indiana: The Artist and His Work 1955 - 2005. New York: Rizzoli, 2006.
Ryan, Susan E. Robert Indiana: Figures of Speech. Conneticut: Yale University Press, 2000
Pissarro, Joachim, Depotte, Helene. Robert Indiana: Retrospective 1958-1998. Washington: University of Washington Press, 2000
Indiana, Robert. Love and the American Dream: The Art of Robert Indiana. Portland: Portland Museum of Art, 1999
Sheehan, Susan . Robert Indiana Prints: A Catalogue Raisonne 1951-1991. New York: Susan Sheehan Gallery, 1992
Carl J Weinhardt. Robert Indiana. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1990
Indiana, Robert. Robert Indiana: Graphics. Indiana: Department of Art of Saint Mary's College, 1969
Indiana, Robert. Robert Indiana, Conneticut: Falcon Press, 1968