Richard Prince (American, b.1949) is a painter and photographer, best known as a pioneer of Appropriation Art. Born in the Panama Canal Zone, Prince grew up in Massachusetts and moved to New York in 1977, where he prepared magazine clippings for Time-Life, spurring his interest in advertising and consumer imagery. He began creating works based on various pop culture images taken from magazines and newspapers, often re-photographing and manipulating the images in his own works. Considered by many the father of Appropriation Art, the majority of his works includes scandalous subject matter and has provoked controversy around issues of copyright in the art world. His famous Cowboys series of 1980s photographs, for example, was taken from Marlboro ad campaigns. In the mid-1980s, Prince shifted his interest from images to text, evident in his Jokes series, displaying appropriated jokes in ironic works. From his home in Upstate New York, Prince created his late Nurse Paintings series, inspired by pulp romance novels, as well as his own photographs of everyday rural and suburban life. He acquired an abandoned farmhouse near his home in 2001, which he turned into an installation site he called Second House, installing the interior with his sculptures, paintings, and his own books; the structure has been purchased by the Guggenheim Museum in New York, but was struck by lightning and destroyed in 2007. In the fall of that year, Prince’s work was the subject of a major retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum. Prince currently lives and works in Upstate New York.

Timeline

1949
Born in the Panama Canal Zone
1980
Had his first solo exhibition
2009
Patrick Cariou, a French photographer, claimed that Prince used and manipulated his images for a 2008 show at Gagosian Gallery
Lives and works in upstate New York, USA

Exhibitions

2013
Artists for Tichy - Tichy for Artists, Galerie Středočeského kraje, Kutná Hora, Czech Republic
Beg, Borrow and Steal, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, USA
Une Affaire De Famille: La Photographie Dans Les Collections De Stephane, Rodolphe Et Sebastien Janssen, Museé de la photographie de Charleroi, Charleroi, Belgium
Pinups & Portraits, IKON Ltd, Santa Monica, USA
Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong, SAR
The Time is Now, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, USA
To Be With Art Is All We Ask, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Norway
2012
Prince/Picasso, Picasso Museum, Malaga, Spain (solo)
Four Saturdays, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
White Paintings, Skarstedt Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
2011
Time Wounds all Heels, White Flag Projects, St. Louis, USA
Creating the New Century: Contemporary Art from the Dicke Collection, Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, USA
Black Swan, Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
Staging Action: Performance in Photography since 1960, Museum of Modern Art, USA
Richard Prince, Pre-Appropriation Works, 1971–1974, Specific Objects, New York, USA (solo)
Bel Air, Gagosian Residence, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
de Kooning, Gagosian Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
Covering Pollock, Guild Hall, Easthampton, USA (solo)
Richard Prince: American Prayer, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris, France (solo)
Richard Prince, Gagosian Gallery, Hong Kong (solo)
The Fug, Almine Rech Gallery, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
2010
Just love me, Musée d'Art Moderne Grand – Duc Jean, Luxembourg (solo)
T-Shirt Paintings: Hippie Punk, Gogasion Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Richard Prince: Tiffany Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA
Skin Fruit: Selections from the Dakis Joannou Collection, New Museum, New York, USA
The Infinite Starburst of Your Cold Dark Eyes, PKM Gallery, Seoul, Korea
2009
Richard Prince: After Dark, Gagosian Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Richard Prince, Patrick Seguin, Paris, France
2008
Richard Prince: Continuation, Serpentine Gallery, London, England
God & Goods, Villa Manin, Codroipo, Italy
Street & Studio: An Urban History of Photography, Tate Modern, London, England
Radical Advertising, Projects GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
John Dogg, Kunsthalle Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Typed, Sadie Coles, London, England
Depreciation and Devastation, Gavin Brown's Enterprise at Passerby, New York, USA
Richard Prince: Spiritual America, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA (solo)
2007
Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Norway (solo)
Richard Prince, Panama Pavilion, Venice, Italy
My Sweet Sixteen Party, Rodolphe Janssen, Brussels, Belgium
Light Sentence, Zeuggasse 7, Obergeschoss, Germany
Fugitive Artist: The Early Work of Richard Prince, 1974-1977, Neuberger Museum of Art, New York, USA
Skarstedt Fine Art, New York, USA
Barbican, Art in the punk years, London, England
Brave Lonesome Cowboy: The Myth of the Western in Contemporary Art – Or: For the hundredth Birthday of John Wayne, Galerien der Stadt Esslingen am Neckar, Villa Merkel, Esslingen am Necker, Germany; Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Canaries in the Coal Mine, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo, Norway
Concept: Photography: Dialogues & Attitudes, Ludwig Museum – Museum of Contemporary Art, Budapest, Hungary
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
2006
Surprise, Surprise, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England
Infinite Painting: Contemporary Painting and Global Realism, Villa Manin Centro d’ Arte Contemporanea, Passariano, Italy
Richard Prince: Cowboys, Mountains, and Sunsets, Monika Sprüth, Cologne, Germany (solo)
The Portfolios, Juergen Becker, Hamburg, Germany (solo)
Cowboys and Nurses, John McWhinnie @ Glenn Horowitz Bookseller, New York, USA (solo)
In the darkest hour there may be light, Serpentine Gallery, London, England
A Thousand Things, MU meets 2KbyGingham, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Made In China, Gallery 51, Antwerp, Belgium
The Other Side #2, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, USA
Magritte and Contemporary Art: The Treachery of Images, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA
Wrestle, CCS Bard /Hessel Museum of Art, Annandale-on-Hudson, USA
Seventy-five at 75: Selections from the Joseph and Elaine Monsen Photography Collection at the Henry Art Gallery, Faye G. Allen Center for the Visual Arts at University of Washington, Seattle, USA
The Big Nothing, Institute of Contemporary Art at Universiity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
Defamation of Character, PS 1 MoMA, Long Island City, USA
Surprise, Surprise, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England
Likeness: Portraits of Artists by Other Artists, CCA Virginia, Virginia Beach, USA
The Other Side, Tony Shafrazi Gallery, New York, USA
Medium Fotografie, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland
Hollywood Boulevard, Galeria Fortes Vilaca, Sao Paulo, Brazil
New Trajectories I: Relocations: Recent painting, drawing and multi-media work from the Ovitz Family Collection, Los Angeles; Cooley Gallery at Reed College, Portland, USA
Dark Places, Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica, USA
2005
Undiscovered Country, University of California Los Angeles Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, USA
Faces in the Crowd: Picturing Modern Life from Manet to Today, Whitechapel Gallery, London, England
Faking Real, LeRoy Neiman Gallery at Columbia University, New York, USA
Richard Prince: New Work, Sadie Coles HQ, London, England (solo)
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Drunk vs. Stoned, Gavin Brown’s Enterprise, New York, USA
Atlantic & Bukarest, Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Photographic Works, Jurgen Becker, Hamburg, Germany
100 Artists See God, Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, USA
Girls on Film, Zwirner & Wirth, New York, USA
Check Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, USA
Richard Prince, Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
2004
Women, Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
Man, Galerie Eva Presenhuber, Zürich, Switzerland
Richard Prince, Sammlung Goetz, Munich, Germany
American Dream: Collecting Richard Prince for 27 years, Rubell Family Collection, Miami, USA
2004 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
2003
Nurse Paintings, Sadie Coles HQ, London, England
Richard Prince: Publicities, Works from the Ophiuchus Collection, Hydra Workshop, Greece
Richard Prince: New Work, Glenn Horowitz Bookseller, East Hampton, USA
Richard Prince: Nurse Paintings, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Richard Prince: Upstate, Sabine Knust, Munich, Germany
2002
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica, USA
Public Affairs, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
Short Stories, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, USA
2001
Summer Reading, Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, USA
Televisions, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, Austria
Art at the Edge of the Law, Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, USA
Museum fur Gegenwartskunst, Basel and Kunsthalle Zürich, Switzerland
Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, Germany
Sadie Coles HQ, London, England
Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
Skarstedt Fine Art, New York, USA
Galerie Micheline Szwajcer, Antwerp, Belgium
2000
Richard Prince: Princeville, Partobject Gallery, Carrboro, USA
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Richard Prince: Photographs, Paintings, Jablonka Galerie, Cologne, Germany
4 x 4, MAK Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Au-delà du Spectacle, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Customized: Art Inspired by Hot Rods, Low Riders, and American Car Culture, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, USA
Apocalypse: Beauty & Horror in Contemporary Art, Royal Academy of Arts, London, England
1999
Richard Prince, Sadie Coles HQ, London, England
Richard Prince: Paintings and Works on Paper 1997/98 and Upstate, Sabine Knust, Munich, Germany
1998
Richard Prince, Stills Ltd, Edinburgh, Scotland
Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Richard Prince: Paintings 1988-92, Skarstedt Fine Art, New York, USA
Psychoarchitecture: Richard Prince, Martin Kippenberger, Anton Kern Gallery, New York, USA
1997
The White Room, Jürgen Becker, Hamburg, Germany
Parco, Tokyo, Japan
Richard Prince, Museum Haus Lange/Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld, Germany
Richard Prince, White Cube, London, England
Cowboys and Cowgirls, Espace d’art Yvonamor Palix, Paris, France
1996
Richard Prince: Neue Bilder, Jablonka Galerie, Cologne, Germany
Richard Prince, Maximilan Verlag-Sabine Knust, Munich, Germany
Haus der Kunst/Süddeutsche Zeitung, Munich, Germany
1995
Richard Prince: Paintings, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Theoretical Events, Naples, Italy
Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
1994
Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany
Offshore Gallery, East Hampton, USA
1993
Richard Prince: Girlfriends, Jablonka Galerie, Cologne, Germany
Richard Prince: Fotos, Schilderijen, Objecten, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Kunstverein and Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany
First House, Stuart Regen Projects, Los Angeles, USA
Galerie Micheline Szwajcer, Antwerp, Belgium
1992
Richard Prince, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
Protest Paintings, Maximilian Verlag/Sabine Knust, Munich, Germany
Beaver College Art Gallery, Glenside, USA
Works on Paper, Le Case d’Arte, Milan, Italy
1990
Richard Prince: Jokes, Gangs, Hoods, Galerie Rafael Jablonka and Galerie Gisela Capitain, Cologne, Germany
Richard Prince, Galerie Micheline Szwajcer, Antwerp, Belgium
Arthur Roger Gallery, New Orleans, USA
1989
Spiritual America, IVAM Centre del Carme, Valencia, Spain
Richard Prince: Sculpture, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Richard Prince: Paintings, Jay Gorney Modern Art, New York, USA
Barn Gallery, Ogunquit, USA
Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1988
Richard Prince, Jablonka Galerie, Cologne, Germany
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, USA
Centre National d’Art Contemporain de Grenoble (MAGASIN), Grenoble, France
Tell Me Everything, Public Art Fund, New York, USA
Galerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, France
1987
Galerie Isabella Kacprzak, Stuttgart, Germany
Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1986
International with Monument, New York, USA
Feature Gallery, Chicago, USA
1985
International with Monument, New York, USA
Richard Kuhlenschmidt Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1984
Riverside Studios, London, England
Feature Gallery, Chicago, USA
Baskerville + Watson, New York, USA
1983
Le Nouveau Musée, Lyon, France
Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, England; Richard Kuhlenschmidt Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
Baskerville + Watson, New York, USA
1982
Metro Pictures, New York, USA
1981
Metro Pictures, New York, USA
Richard Kuhlenschmidt Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1980
Artists Space, New York, USA
CEPA Gallery, Buffalo, USA

Public Collections

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Tate Britain, London, UK
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago, IL
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, SanFrancisco, CA
Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Broad Contemporary Art Museum, Santa Monica, CA
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN

Literature

2008
God & Goods: Spiritualita e Confusione di Massa/Spirituality and Mass Confusion, Villa Manin Centro d’Arte Contemporanea, Coidropo, Italy
Anatomie les Peaux du Dessin,: collection Florence & Daniel Guerlain, Fonds Regional d’Art Contemporain de Picardie, Amiens, 2008, p. 118
Excerpt: Se;ections from the Jeanne Greenberg Rohatyn Collection, Vasser College, NY, 2008.
Nancy Spector et al., Collier Schorr: Freeway Balconies, Deusche Guggenheim, Berlin
Serpentine Gallery Summer 2008: Part 1, Cultureshock Media
Street and Studio: An Urban History of Photography, Tate Publishing, London, p. 107
Art Editions 6, Edition Schellmann, New York.
Richard Prince: America Goes to War..Swimming in the Afternoon..., Koenig Books and the Serpentine Gallery, London
2007
Richard Prince, Guggenheim Museum Publications, New York.
Richard Prince: Canaries in the Coal Mine, Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst
2006
Richard Prince Jokes & Cartoons. JRP | Ringier, Switzerland. 2006.
2005
Second House. Gladstone Gallery, New York. 2005
Richard Prince: Check Paintings. Gagosian Gallery. 2005.
2004
Richard Prince. Sammlung Goetz Museum. November 2004.
American Dream: Collecting Richard Prince for 27 Years. Rubell Family Collection.
Richard Prince: Man. Galerie Eva Presenhuber, Zurich. jpr|ringer.
2003
Richard Prince, interviews by Rosetta Brooks, Jeff Rian, and Luc Sante, Phaidon
Richard Prince: Good Life, essay by John McWhinnie, Glen Horowitz Booksellers, East Hampton, NY.
2002
It’s a Free Concert from Now On, essay by Neville Wakefield, Barbara Gladstone Gallery, NY
2001
Human Nature (dub version), Glenn O’Brien, Richard Prince, Grey Bull Press, Los Angeles