Richard Anuszkiewicz (American, b. May 23, 1930) is a painter, sculptor, and printmaker who trained at the Cleveland Institute of Art in Cleveland, OH, from 1948 to 1953. After this training, he went on to study with Josef Albers (German, 1888–1976) at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture in New Haven, CT, from 1953 to 1955. Anuszkiewicz was one of the founders of the Op Art movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He relied heavily on Victor Vasarely (French, 1906–1997) and Bridget Riley (English, b.1931). Life magazine referred to Anuszkiewicz as "One of the new wizards of Op" in 1964.

The artist had many exhibits throughout the United States over the years, including those at the Butler Institute of American Art in Youngstown, OH, in 1955, the Cleveland Museum of Art in Cleveland, OH, in 1966, The Hopkins Center in Hanover, NH, in 1967, Kent State University in Kent, OH, in 1968, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Jacksonville, FL, in 1972. In 2005, he traveled to the Florence Biennale in Italy. Anuszkiewicz has received a significant number of awards for his work, including a Pulitzer Traveling Fellowship in 1953, the Charles of the Ritz Oil Painting Award in 1963, and the Lorenzo dei Medici Career Award at the Florence Biennale in 2005. Anuszkiewicz's work is that of experimental art; his fact-finding process uses trial to create the results.

The artist is known for creating a dramatic affect using complimentary colors and geometric shapes that are affected by the colors and lighting. One piece that is notable for this is his piece entitled Deep Magenta Square (1978). His exhibition entitled Americans 1963, which was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, illustrated this experimental style. Today, Anuszkiewicz's work is studied at universities and colleges throughout the country, including the University of South Florida in Tampa, FL, and the University of Wyoming in Laramie, WY. The artist currently lives and works in Englewood, NJ.

Timeline

1930
Born in Erie, USA
1948–1953
Earned a B.F.A. from Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, USA
1953
Received a Pulitzer Traveling Fellowship From the National Academy of Design
1953–1955
Studied with Josef Albers and recieved a M.F.A. from Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, USA
1955–1956
Earned a B.S in Education from Kent State University, Akron, USA
1957–1958
Worked at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, repairing scale models of classical Greek architecture and sculpture
1958–1959
Worked at Tiffany and Company, designing miniature silver animals
1963
Charles of the Ritz Award
1964
Silvermine Guild Award
1963–1965
Taught at the Cooper Union, New York , USA
1967–1968
Held visiting artist positions at Dartmouth College, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Cornell University, and Kent State University
1972
Designed outdoor murals for a YWCA building in New York, NY and an office building in Jersey City, NJ
1977
Cleveland Arts Prize
1980
Childe Hassam Fund Purchase Award
1988
Childe Hassam Fund Purchase Award
1994
New York State Art Teachers’ Association Award
1995
Emil and Dines Carlson Award
1996
New Jersey Pride Award
1997
Richard Florsheim Fund Grant
2000
Lee Krasner Award
2005
Lorenzo the Magnificent Award for career achievement at the Florence International Biennale of Contemporary Art
Lives and works in Englewood, USA

Exhibitions

2010
Psychedelic: Optical and Visionary Art Since the 1960s, San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, USA
Colorscope: Abstract Painting 1960-1979, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, USA
2009
Abstract Ensemble, ACA Galleries, New York, USA
Pop to Present, Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, USA
2008
Richard Anuszkiewicz: The Inward Eye Series, Museum of Contemporary Art, Jacksonville, USA (solo)
Oko zwiedzione, Galeria El. Centrum sztuki, Elbląg, Poland
Op Art Revisited, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA
The Rational Eye - Geometric, Optical, Kinetic and Programmed Art, International Centre of Graphic Arts (MGLC), Ljubljana, Slovenia
To Infinity and Beyond: Mathematics in Contemporary Art, Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, USA
Sensory Overload: Light, Motion, Sound and the Optical in Art Since 1945 - Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, USA
2007
The Optical Edge, Pratt Manhattan Gallery, New York, USA
After Image: Op Art of the 1960s, Jacobson Howard Gallery, New York, USA
The Optic Nerve: Perceptual Art of the 1960s, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, USA
Op Art, Schirn Kunsthalle,Frankfurt, Germany
2006
Konstruktive Aspekte von Mondrian bis Kelly, Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland
Arena der Abstraktion, Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
Geometric Abstraction and Color Function: Two Generations, D. Wigmore Fine Art, Inc., New York, USA
2005
Optical Simulations, American Abstract Artists, Yellow Bird Gallery, Newburgh, USA
Kunst, die man nicht immer sieht, Wilhelm Hack Museum, Ludwigshafen, Germany
Totally Geometric: Abstraction from the permanent Collection, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, USA
American Academy Invitational Exhibition of Painting & Sculpture: The American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, USA
2005
Florence Biennale, Florence, Italy
2004
A Century of Collecting, Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, USA
25 Jahre Sammeln - Wilhelm Hack Museum, Ludwigshafen, Germany
2002
Flatline, Cirrus Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
Colors on the Edge: Hard and Soft: The Paintings of Richard Anuszkiewicz and Leon Berkowitz, ACA Galleries, New York, USA
2001
Transcultural Visions: Polish American Contemporary Art, Hyde Park Art Center, Chicago, USA
2000
From Cubism to Minimalism - A selection of Works by World Leading Artists, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
1998
Richard Anuszkiewicz, Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
1997
Richard Anuszkiewicz: Quadrat Bottrop, Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop, Germany (solo)
1991
Jestesmy: Zacheta, National Gallery of Art, Warsaw, Poland
1990
Five Works, Newark Museum, Newark, USA
Maruzen Company, Limited, Tokyo, Japan
1989
Une histoire de collections : dons 1984-1989 - Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
Gallery Civiche D'Arte Moderna, Assessorato Istituzioni Culturali, Ferrara, Italy
1988
Richard Anuszkiewicz, The Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, USA (solo)
Galleria Sagittaria, Centro Iniziative Culturali, Pordenone, Italy
Art and Culture Center, Hollywood, USA
Anuszkiewicz, Four Decades, Richard Green Gallery, New York, USA
Harmon-Meek Gallery, Naples, USA
1986
Venice Biennale, San Marco, Venice, Italy
1983
Twentieth-Century Art from the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selected Recent Acquisitions, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
1979
Richard Anuszkiewicz, Sterling and Francine Clark Institute, Williamstown, USA (solo)
1975
Richard Anuszkiewicz: Bilder und Graphik, Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn, Germany
1972
Richard Anuszkiewicz, De Cordova Museum, Lincoln, USA
1971
Highlights of the 1970-71 Art Season, The Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Ridgefield, USA
Paintings by Richard Anuszkiewicz & Sculpture by George Segal, New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, USA
1968
Documenta 4, Documenta, Kassel, Germany
1967
1967 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
Richard Anuszkiewicz, Hopkins Art Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, USA (solo)
1965
Colorists, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, USA
Richard Anuszkiewicz, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
Reponsive Eye, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
1964
American Paintings and Sculpture 67th Annual, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
Painting and Sculpture of a Decade, 1954-64, the Tate Gallery, London, England
1962
Geometric abstraction in America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
1960
Richard Anuszkiewicz, Contemporaries Gallery, New York, USA (The First Solo Exhibition)

Public Collections

Fogg Museum of Art, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Hirschhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Hokkaido Museum of Art, Hokkaido, Japan
Louisiana Museum, Humblebaek, Denmark
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Blanton Museum of At, University of Texas, Austin, TX
Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Denver Museum of Art, Denver, CO
Detroit Art Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT
Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel
Tate Gallery, London, UK Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, I
Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Museo de Arte Moderno, Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

Literature

1999
Anuszkiewicz, Richard. Anuskiewicz: OpArt. Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern , Germany
1995
Richard Anuszkiewicz: A retrospective, 1949-1994. Harmon Meek Gallery: Naples(catalogue)
1991
Anuszkiewicz, Richard. Richard Anuszkiewicz: Constructions and paintings, 1986-1991. ACA Gallery: New York(catalogue)
1978
Lunde, Karl. Anuszkiewicz. Harry N. Abrams, Inc.: New York
1971
Paintings by Richard Anuszkiewicz and Sculpture by George Segal. New Jersey State Museum:Trenton(catalogue)