Red Grooms (American, b.1937) is a painter, printmaker, and sculptor associated with the Pop Art movement, and best known for his site-specific installations of cities. Born in Nashville, TN, he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago before moving to New York to attend the New School for Social Research. Grooms' early work focused on happenings, such as The Burning Building (1959), which were performed on the Lower East Side. In the late 1960s, Grooms began constructing what he called sculpto-pictoramas, three-dimensional constructions of intricate urban settings. His City of Chicago (1967), for example, depicts the city's most famous buildings and historical figures such as Abraham Lincoln and Al Capone. Similarly, Ruckus Manhattan (1975) was a cartoon-like construction of the city’s subways and landmarks, and invited the viewer to step into the immersive environment. Grooms has also worked with a wide variety of printmaking techniques, such as woodblock printing, stencils, and etchings. He produced several three-dimensional portraits made of sculpted paper and lithographs, including one of Willem de Kooning (American/Dutch, 1904-1997) in 1987. Grooms' work is included in several museum collections, including the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, the Fort Worth Art Museum in Texas, and the Moderna Museet in Stockholm. He lives and works in New York.