Rebecca Horn (German, b.1944) is an artist, film director, and poet best known for various types of body sculptures and modifications. Horn is considered to be one of the most influential artists of the Kinetic Art movement. Horn was born in Michelstadt, Germany, and quickly developed a virtual obsession with drawing, using it as a medium of communication that she viewed as much less limiting than the spoken word. In 1968, contrary to her parent’s wishes, Horn enrolled in the Hamburg Academy of Fine Arts for a year, until she was pulled out due to a case of serious lung poisoning from her unprotected work with glass fiber. Following a year in a hospital for treatment, Horn struggled with her infirmity, and the resulting inability to work with her favored media of polyester and fiberglass. This prompted her to work with softer materials, such as colored pencils, which remained her favorite drawing medium throughout her entire life.

Horn began to produce body sculptures in 1968, which resulted in several of the pieces for which she is most famous. Einhorn (1972) depicted her with a long horn attached to her head, and was presented in a performance piece as part of the exhibition Documenta. Another well-known piece, Pencil Mask (1972), consisted of a facial mask made of vertical and horizontal straps with pencils attached where the straps intersected. Horn also produced many sculptures, including Cockfeather Mask (1973), Paradise Widow (1975), and The Feathered Prison Fan (1978). Horn eventually began to work as a director in film, and produced her first feature-length film in 1978. Throughout her career as a director, many of her films depicted her earlier sculptures and other work presented with a narrative.

Many of Horn’s works have been included in various exhibitions, including her first solo exhibition in 1973. In 1993, her work was showcased in a traveling exhibition mounted by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, with presentations in Vienna, London, and Berlin. Horn’s work can be seen in many collections around the globe, including The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, and the Tate Gallery in London. She has also received many prestigious awards throughout her career, which include the Carnegie Prize in 1988 and the Kaiserring Goslar in 1992. Horn lives and works in Berlin and Paris.

Timeline

1944
Born in Michelstadt, Germany
1963
Hochschule fur Bildende Kunste, Hamburg, Germany
1971
Central Saint Martin’s School of Art, London
1971–1972
DAAD Fellowship, Central Saint Martin's School of Art, London, England.
1975
Deutscher Kritikerpreis for film Berlin, Exercises in Nine Parts: Dreaming Under Water of Things Afar.
1977
Kunstpreis Glockengasse, Cologne, Germany.
1979
Kunstpreis der Böttcherstraße, Bremen, Germany.
1986
Documenta-Preis (Arnold Bode), Kassel, Germany.
1988
Carnegie Prize; The Hydra Forest, Performing Oscar Wilde, Carnegie International, Pittsburgh, PA.
1992
Trägerin des Kaiserring der Stadt Goslar and the Medienkunstpreis Karlsruhe, Germany
2004
Barnett and Analee Newman Award, New York.
2005
Hans-Molfenter-Preis, Stuttgart, Germany.
2006
Piepenbrock Prize for Sculpture, Berlin, Germany
2007
Alexej von Jawlensky-Preis der Landeschauptstadt Wiesbaden
2009
Alice Salomon Poetik Preis, Berlin, Germany
2010
Hessischer Kulturpreis, Germany
2010
Premium Imperiale, Japan
2011
Grande Médaille des Arts Plastiques 2011, France
Lives and works in Berlin and Paris.

Exhibitions

2011
Ravens Gold Rush, Sean Kelly Gallery, New York, New York (solo)
2010
Rebecca Horn – The Surreal House, Barbican Art Gallery, London, England (solo)
2010
Rebecca Horn: Rebellion in Silence, Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
2010
Rebecca Horn: Rebellion in Silence, Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, São Paulo, Brazil (solo)
2010
Night Scented Stock, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, NY
2010
Jannis Kounellis and Rebecca Horn, Pelaires-Centre Cultural Contemporani Palma de Mallorca, Mallorca, Spain
2010
Outside the Box: Edition Jacob Samuel, 1988-2010. The Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California
2009
Exquisite Corpse, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
2009
A Room of Her Own, McClain Gallery, Houston, TX
2009
Drawings Anyone? Recent Aquisitions from the Eleanor and Henry Hitchcock Foundation, Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
2009
Re/Formations: Disability, Women, and Sculpture, Van Every/Smith Galleries, Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina. Traveling exhibition: The National Institute for Art and Disabilities, Richmond, CA
2009
of Two Germanys / Cold War Cultures, Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, CA
2009
Horn: Rebellion in Silence Dialogue between Raven and Whale, Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
2009
Fata Morgana, Fondazione Bevilacqua, Galleria di Piazza San Marco, Venice, Italy (solo)
2009
Peacock-Sunrise, Galleria Marie-Laure Fleisch, Rome, Italy (solo)
2008
Rebecca Horn, Studio Trisorio, Rome, Italy (solo)
2008
Rebecca Horn: Love & Hate, Museum der Moderne Rupertinum, Salzburg, Austria (solo)
2008
Rebecca Horn: Cosmic Maps, Sean Kelly Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2008
Rebecca Horn, L'Amour cosmique-fou du faucon rouge, Galerie Lelong, Paris, France (solo)
2008
Bloodline the Evolution of Form, McClain Gallery, Houston, TX
2008
Exquisite Corpse: IMMA Collection Exhibition, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
2008
Art/Tapes/22, University Art Museum, College for the Arts, Long Beach, CA
2008
40 Years Video Art in Germany, Sofia Art Gallery, Sofia, Bulgaria
2008
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, P.S. 1, Long Island City, NY
2008
Kunstmaschinen – Maschinenkunst, Museum Tinguely, Basel, Switzerland
2007
Dalla terra alla luna – metafore di viaggio (parte I), Museo d’arte contemporanea Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy
2007
Lights, Camera, Action: Artists Films for the Cinema, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York
2007
Poetry in Motion, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
2007
The Pontus Hulten Collection, Henie Onstad Art Centre, Hovikodden, Norway
2007
Rouge baiser, FRAC – Pays de Loire, Carquefou, France
2007
Ver bailar. Dialogo entre la danza y las bellas artes, Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporaneo (CAAC), Sevilla, Spain
2007
Rebecca Horn: Jupiter im Oktogon, Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, Germany (solo)
2007
Rebecca Horn, Studio Trisorio, Naples, Italy (solo)
2007
Vertigo: The Cenury of Off-Media Art from Futuris to the web, MAMbo – Galleria d’Arte Moderna di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2007
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), Los Angeles, CA
2006
Time Goes By, RMIT Gallery, Melbourne, Australia
2006
Rebecca Horn, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
2006
Lotusschatten, Zentrum für Internationale Lichtkunst, Unna, Germany
2006
Rebecca Horn. Zeichnungen, Skulpturen, Installationen, Filme 1964- 2006, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
2006
Helga de Alvear – Concepts for A Collection, Exhibition Centre of Centro Cultural de Belém, Brazil
2006
Bodylandscapes, Martin-Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany (solo)
2004–2006
Artists See God, The Contemporary Jewish Museum (March 7 – June 7, 2004), Laguna Art Museum (July 31 – October 3, 2004), Institute of Contemporary Arts (November 19 – January 9, 2005), Contemporary Art Center of Virginia (June 9 – September 4, 2005), Albright College Freedman Art Gallery (September 29 – January 8,2006), Cheekwood Museum of Art (February 4 – April 16, 2006)
2005
Rebecca Horn: Time Goes By, Dunedin Public Art Gallery, Dunedin, New Zealand (solo)
2005
Twilight Transit, Sean Kelly Gallery, New York (solo)
2005
Bodylandscapes, Galerie de France, Paris, France; Hayward Gallery, London, UK; Art/36/Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Fundação Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
2005
Moon Mirror, St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, UK (solo)
2005
Rebecca Horn, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany (solo)
2004
Bodylandscapes, K20 Kunstsammlung, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
2004
Light imprisoned in the belly of the whale, Es Baluard, Palma, Mallorca (solo)
2004
Moon Mirror, St. Johannes-Evangelist-Kirche, Berlin, Germany (solo)
2004
The Artist’s Body. Then and Now, Centre d’Art Contemporain, Genève, Switzerland
2004
Miradas Y Conceptos En La Collección Helga de Alvear, Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo (MEIAC), Badajoz, Spain.
2004
Ordering the Ordinary, Timothy Taylor Gallery, London, UK
2004
Videographies – The Early Decades from the EMST collection, National Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece
2004
Walking and Falling, Magasin 3, Stockholm Konsthall, Stockholm, Sweden (February 11 – Maj 28, 2006)
2004
ZOO STORY: An exhibition of animals in art – for the young and the young at heart, Fisher Landau Center for Art, Long Island City, NY
2003–2004
Rebecca Horn, Galleria Trisorio, Naples, Italy (solo)
2003
From Broodthaers to Horn, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands (solo)
2002
Die Neue Kunsthalle, Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany (solo)