Raoul Dufy (French, 1877–1953) was a painter and printmaker associated with the Fauvist movement, and is best-known for depicting recreational scenes, such as horse races and regattas. After taking evening classes at the École des Beaux-Arts, he began his studies at the studio of Léon Bonnat (French, 1833–1922) at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1900. Dufy first encountered Fauvism at the Salon des Indépendants in 1905, and adapted the style, characterized by broad brushstrokes and bright colors, for his own work. After illustrating Guillaume Apollinaire’s Bestiaire ou cortège d’Orphée (1911) with a series of woodcuts, Dufy became interested in decorative art and set up a cloth-printing studio. His lithographs and etchings accompanied several literary works such as Guillaume Apollinaire’s Le Poète assassin (1926), and Eugène de Montfort’s La Belle Enfant ou l’amour à 40 ans (1930).

In the 1920s, Dufy traveled abroad and within France, painting series of Nice (1927) and Bois de Boulogne (1929). Scenes of horse races such as Races at Ascot (1931) and Derby at Epsom (1939) show his efforts to develop compositions that conveyed light through color. These watercolors exemplify Dufy’s signature style of sketchy outlines set against thin layers of brightly colored paint. Throughout the 1920s, Dufy worked in a variety of materials, producing ceramics, tapestry hangings, and large-scale architectural decorations. In his later work, Dufy created more monochromatic compositions in Red Violin (1948) and Black Freighter (1952). His work is currently held in several museum collections worldwide, including the Musée d''Orsay in Paris, the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Timeline

1877
Born: in Le Havre, France
1891
Studied at the Municipal School of Beaux-Arts, Le Havre, France
1900
Granted an annual scholarship by the Municipality of Le Havre, France
Studied in Bonnat’s studio at the Academy of Fine Arts, Paris, France
1911
Executed woodcuts for illustrations of « Le Bestiaire » by Guillaume Apollinaire
Introduced to the dress designer Paul Poiret, who helps him to set up a small factory for making fabric designs
1930
Awarded the Carnegie Prize for his canvas « L’avenue du Bois »
1936
Commissionned to paint the large mural for the Electricity Pavilion at the International Fair in Paris : 600 meters in size, making it one of the largest paintings in the world (now in The Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris).
1937
Became a member of the Jury of the Carnegie Institutes and goes on his first trip to the United States
1952
Won the first prize for painting at the 26th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1953
Died: at Forcalquier, France

Exhibitions

2011
Raoul Dufy, projets de Tissus, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
2011
Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
2010
Dufy en Méditerranée, Musée Paul Valéry, Sète, France (solo)
2008
Raoul Dufy, le plaisir, Musée de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, France (solo)
Destaques do Acervo, Museu de Arte Contemporanea da Universidade de Sae Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2007
Age of the Animal, Ateneum Art Museum, Helsinki, Finland
Art for the classroom - school prints 1946-49, Pallant House Gallery, Chinchester, UK
2006
Un Regard Fauve, National Gallery of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Tapestries, Bass Museum of Art, Miami, FL
Dufy, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
2005
Von Spitzweg bis Baselitz - Streifzuge durch die Sammlung Wurth, Museum Wurth, Kunzelsau, Germany
Matisse and the Fauves: Color of the Century, Seoul Museum of Art (SeMA), Seoul, Korea
2004
Cubism or thereabouts, Grosvenor Gallery, London, UK
Dufy and Lebasque, Connaught Brown, London, UK
2003
Classic to Modern - French Works on Paper, 1800-1950, from the Permanent Collection, Los Angeles COunty Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA
Raoul Dufy - Un autre regard, Fondation Dina Vierny-Musée Maillol, Paris, France; Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nice, Nice, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, du motif à la couleur, Musée Malraux, Le Havre, France; Musée d’Art moderne, Céret, France; La Piscine-musée d’Art et d’Industrie André Diligent, Roubaix, France (solo)
2002
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy; Raoul Dufy, les peintures de la collection du Centre Pompidou, Musée National d’Art Moderne (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Boulakia, Paris (solo)
Exemplum del disegno europeo del Novecento, Galleria Open Art, Prato, Italy
Die Zeichnung, Galerie Ruf, Munich, Germany
2001
The Modern Woodcut, MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA
Classics, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
Raoul Dufy, Musée des Beaux-Arts d’Utsunomiya, Utsunomiya, Japan; Musée des Beaux-Arts Yasuda Kasaï, Yasuda Kasaï, Japan; Musée Municipal des Beaux-Arts, Takamatsu, Japan (solo)
2000
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
La revolte de la couleur, De l'impressionnisme aux avant-gardes, Musee d'Ixelles - Museum van Elsene, Brussels, Belgium
Raoul Dufy, Last of the Fauves, Norton Museum of Art, est Palm Beach, FL; The Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis, TN; New Orleans Museum of Arts, New Orleans, LA; The Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX (solo)
1999
Raoul Dufy, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon, France; Musée Picasso, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
O brasil no seculo da Arte, Museu de Arte Contemporanea da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Dufy - Poiret, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France; Galerie Neffe-Degandt, London, UK (solo)
1997
Raoul Dufy, séries et séries noires, Fondation Pierre Gianadda, Martigny, Switzerland (solo)
Dufy, les années 30, Fondation Electricité de France, Paris, France (solo)
1995–1996
Raoul Dufy, le peintre, la décoration et la mode des années 1920-1930, Académie de France à Rome, Villa Médicis, Roma, Italy (solo)
1995
Raoul Dufy, New Otani Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Mer et Musique, avec une évocation de Paris, Musée de Bunkamura, Tokyo, Japan; Musée Nichido de Kasama, Kasama, Japan; Himeji City Museum of Art, Himeji, Japan; Toyohashi City Art Museum, Toyohashi, Japan (solo)
1993
Dufy et la musique, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
1992
Raoul Dufy, J.P.L. Fine Arts, London, UK (solo)
1991
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Nichido, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1987
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Daniel Malingue, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, drawings, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Daniel Malingue, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, drawings, Galerie Fanny Guillon-Laffaille, Paris, France (solo)
1983–1984
Raoul Dufy, Hayward Gallery, London, UK (solo)
1981
Raoul Dufy, watercolors, Galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
1980
Raoul Dufy, McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
1978–1979
Raoul Dufy. A Retrospective, Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FL (solo)
Raoul Dufy, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1976
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Wildenstein, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1975
Raoul Dufy 1877-1953, Galerie Wildenstein, London, UK (solo)
1973
Raoul Dufy 1877-1953, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany (solo)
1967–1968
Musée national d'Art occidental, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Kunstverein, Hamburg, Germany; Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (solo)
1965–1966
Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
Raoul Dufy 1877-1953, Museum of Art, Phoenix, AZ (solo)
1963
Palais du Louvre, Paris, France (solo)
Hommage à Raoul Dufy, Galerie des Ponchettes, Nice, France (solo)
1962
Paintings, Watercolors and drawings by Raoul Dufy, 1877-1953 , Galerie Wildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
1961
Homage to Raoul Dufy, Dalzell Hatfield Galleries, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
1959
Chefs-d'oeuvre de Raoul Dufy, Galerie Bernheim Jeune-Dauberville, Paris, France (solo)
1957
Raoul Dufy 1877-1953, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland (solo)
1955
Raoul Dufy (1877-1953), Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1954
Raoul Dufy, The Tate Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Kunsthalle, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1954
Raoul Dufy 1877-1953, Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA; County Museum, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
1953
Raoul Dufy, 1877-1953, Musée national d'Art moderne, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Twenty Masterpieces, Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1952
Raoul Dufy, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
1951
Raoul Dufy - Impressions of America, The Arts Club, Chicago, IL (solo)
Louis Carré Gallery, New York, NY; Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (solo)
The Phillips Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
Paintings by Raoul Dufy, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA (solo)
1950
Raoul Dufy, The Lefevre Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Raoul Dufy, Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1949
Raoul Dufy, Louis Carré Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1948
Raoul Dufy, tapisseries de haute lisse, Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
Aquarelles de courses de Raoul Dufy, Galerie Pétridès, Paris, France (solo)
1947
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1944
Paintings by Raoul Dufy, Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1943
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
Dufy dans les collections belges, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France (solo)
1941
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
Raoul Dufy, The Arts Club, Chicago, IL (solo)
1939
Raoul Dufy, Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Raoul DufyThe Whyte Gallery, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1938
Bignou Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Watercolors by Raoul Dufy, The Arts Club, Chicago, IL (solo)
Oil paintings and water colors by Raoul Dufy, Reid and Lefevre Galleries, London, UK (solo)
1937
Painted fresco for the Palais de l' Electricité at the Exposition Internationale, Paris, France
1936
Raoul Dufy, The Lefevre Galleries, London, UK (solo)
Caroll Carstairs Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1934
Raoul Dufy, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France (solo)
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1929
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Dudensing, New York, NY (solo)
1927
Raoul Dufy Les cent dessins originaux pour « La Terre frottée d'ail », Galerie Le Portique, Paris, France (solo)
1923
Raoul Dufy, Galerie Le Centaure, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
1921
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, France (solo)
1906
Galerie Berthe Weill, Paris, France (solo)
Cercle de l'Art Moderne, Paris, France
1903
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1901
Salon des Artistes, Paris, France

Literature

1989
Dora Perez-Tibi, Dufy. Paris, France: Flammarion, 1989
1982
Guillon-Laffaille, Fanny. Raoul Dufy, Catalogue Raisonné des Aquarelles, Gouaches & Pastels – tome II . Paris, France: Editions Louis Carré & Cie, 1982
1977
Laffaille, Maurice. Raoul Dufy, Catalogue Raisonné de l’Œuvre Peint – tome IV. Geneva: Editions Motte, 1977
1976
Laffaille, Maurice. Raoul Dufy, Catalogue Raisonné de l’Œuvre Peint – tome II . Geneva: Editions Motte, 1976