Paul Jenkins (American, 1923–2012) is a painter whose works are described as embodying the character and soul of postwar American abstraction. Known for his process of pouring paint onto the canvas, Jenkins'' works are characterized by vivid, jewel-toned colors. By directing the canvas to control the flow of paint, Jenkins achieves a luminous, diaphanous effect in his pigments. Born in Kansas City, MO, Jenkins studied at the Kansas City Art Institute from 1936 until 1941. As a student at New York''s Art Students League from 1948 until 1952, he worked with Yasuo Kuniyoshi (American/Japanese, 1893–1953) and came to be connected to the Abstract Expressionist movement. Jenkins moved to Paris for three years around 1953 as a means of avoiding such a direct association with Abstract Expressionism, but continued to be inspired by American artists Jackson Pollock (American, 1912–1956) and Morris Louis (American, 1912–1962). Jenkins'' works are included in the permanent collections of the Fogg Museum of Art at Harvard University, the Tate Gallery in London, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, among many others.

Timeline

1923
Born in Kansas City, MO
1943–1945
Served as a medical corpsman in the US Naval Air Corps
1948–1952
Attended the Art Students League in New York, NY
1953
Travelled to Europe (England, Italy, Spain and France)
1953–1954
Lived and worked in Paris, France
1955
Returned to New York, NY
1963
Acquired his Broadway loft from Willem de Kooning where he worked until December 2000
1964
Filming of The Ivory Knife: Paul Jenkins at Work, produced by Martha Jackson
1967
Awarded the silver medal in painting during the 30th Biennial of the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, DC
1977
Began to work for several months in the Caribbean
1980
Named Officer of Arts and Letters by the Republic of France
1982
Recipient, the Humanitarian Award from the National Committee of Arts for the Handicapped [Very Special Arts]
1983
Named Commander of Arts and Letters by the Republic of France
1987
His dance-drama,Shaman to the Prism Seen, with his painted decors is presented at the Paris Opera, Paris, France
1996
Recipient, honorary doctorate in humanities from Hofstra University, Long Island, NY
1997
Elected to the National Academy, New York, NY
Received the Life Achievement Award from the Butler Institute of American Art, together with the medal of the City of Paris, France
1998
Elected an honorary member of the Royal Cambrian Academy in Wales, UK
2000
Received the Benjamin Clinedinst Medal from the Artists' Fellowship in New York, NY
2012
Dies on June 9th, in New York, after a short illness.
Lives and works in New York, NY

Exhibitions

2012
Robert Green Fine Arts, Mill Valley, USA (solo)
2012
Local Color. The San Jose Museum of Art, California, USA
2012
Abstract Expressionism: Then and Now. Flint Institute of Arts, Michigan, USA
2012
Un Art Autre? Artistes Autour de Michel Tapié, Une Exposition. Christie's, Paris, France
2011
Fragments 1915-2011: Modern and Contemporary Collage. ACA Galleries, New York, USA
2011
Colour Moves Surface. Lorenzelli Arte, Milan, Italy
2011
American Masterworks: 150 Years of American Painting from the Butler Institute of American Art. Vero Beach Museum, Florida, USA
2011
The Armory Show. D. Wigmore Fine Art, New York, Pier 92, USA
2011
Gloria F. Ross: Rebirth of Modern Tapestry. Jane Kahan Gallery, New York, USA
2011
The Redfern Gallery, London, UK (solo)
2010
Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, USA (solo)
2010
Galleria Civica Ezio Mariani di Seregno, Italy (solo)
2010
Into the Void: Abstract Art, 1948-2008. Tucson Museum of Art, USA
2010
Modern Drawings: Tracing 100 Years. Academy Art Museum, Easton, USA
2010
Hidden in Plain Sight: Art Treasure from Regional Collections. Erie Art Museum, USA
2010
Under Each Other’s Spell: Gutai and New York. UB Art Galleries, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
2010
Action Painting in the Chrysler. Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, USA
2010
Paul Jenkins in the 1960s and 1970s: Space, Color and Light, University at Buffalo Anderson Gallery, Buffalo, NY (solo)
2010
Palazzo Pacchiani, Prato.(solo)
2010
Galleria Open Art, Prato.(solo)
2009
D. Wigmore Fine Art, New York, NY (solo)
The Cummer Museum of Art & Gardens, Jacksonville, FL (solo)
Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY (solo)
Robert Green Fine Arts, Mill Valley, CA (solo)
2008
Modern Prints - Klassische Moderne bis Pop Art, Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2007
Shining Spirit: Westheimer Family Collection, Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, OK (solo)
"Modern(ist) Love - The Dorothy Lincoln-Smith and Harvey K. Smith Collection", Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art - SMoCA, Phoenix, AZ (solo)
2007
Galleria Open Art, Cornice Art Fair, Venice.(solo)
2006
Water and Color, Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR (solo)
2005
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Lille, France (solo)
Redfern Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Robert Green Fine Arts, Mill Valley, CA (solo)
Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
2005
Galleria Open Art, Prato.(solo)
2004
Museo Civico, Assessorato alla Cultura di Pizzighettone, Pizzighettone, Italy (solo)
Redfern Gallery, London, UK (solo)
2003
Harmon-Meek Gallery, Naples, FL (solo)
Redfern Gallery, London, UK (solo)
2001
Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Centre d'Art Contemporain, Saumur, France (solo)
2000
The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH (solo)
Basilica Palladiana, Vicenza, Italy (solo)
Joseph Rickards Gallery, New York, NY(solo)
Center for the Arts, Vero Beach, FL(solo)
1999
Hofstra Museum, Hempstead, NY (solo)
Joseph Rickards Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Wild, Frankfurt, Germany (solo)
Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris, France (solo)
1997
The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH (solo)
Galerie Georges Fall, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
1994
Gallery Art Point, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Pasquale Iannetti Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
1992
Roswitha Haftmann Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Atelier Franck Bordas, Basel Art Fair, Switzerland and Paris, France (solo)
Associated American Artists, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Iris Wazzau, Davos, Switzerland (solo)
1990
Castello Doria, Portovenere, Italy(solo)
Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris, France (solo)
Gallery Art Point, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1988
Samuel Stein Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris, France (solo)
Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Régis Dorval, Le Touquet, France (solo)
Gana Gallery, Seoul, South Corea (solo)
Galleria La Loggia, Bologna, Italy (solo)
1986
Gimpel Fils, London, UK (solo)
MR Galleria d'Arte Contemporaneo, Rome, Italy (solo)
Galerie Michel Delorme, Paris, France (solo)
Roswitha Haftmann, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Gallery Art Point, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH (solo)
Focus Gallery, Lausanne, Switzerland (solo)
Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1984
Carone Gallery, Fort Lauderdale, FL (solo)
1981
Retrospective, Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, CA (solo)
Carone Gallery, Fort Lauderdale, FL (solo)
Samuel Stein Gallery, Chicago, IL
Maison Internationale du Théâtre du Rond-Point, Paris, France (solo)
Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1978
Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Samuel Stein Gallery, Chicago, IL
Elaine Horwitch Gallery, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
Balcon des Arts, Paris, France (solo)
1976
Samuel Stein Gallery, Chicago, IL
Basel Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland
Galerie Karl Flinker, Paris, France (solo)
Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Jane Haslem Gallery, Washington, DC (solo)
1974
Retrospective, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Charleroi, Charleroi, France (solo)
Baukunst, Cologne, Germany (solo)
Gimpel Weitzenhoffer Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Fort Lauderdale Museum of the Arts, Fort Lauderdale, FL (solo)
1972
Retrospective, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA (solo)
Gimpel Fils Gallery, London, UK (solo)
Abrams Original Editions, New York, NY (solo)
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (solo)
1968
Galerie Daniel Gervis, Paris, France (solo)
Gallery Moos, Ltd., Toronto, Canada (solo)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1964
Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Court Gallery, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
"Retrospective", Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany (solo)
1962
Galerie Lienhard, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Galerie Karl Flinker, Paris, France (solo)
Esther Robles Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Galleria Toninelli, Milan, Italy (solo)
Galleria Odyssia, Rome, Italy (solo)
Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany (solo)
1959
Galerie Stadler, Paris, France (solo)
1956
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1954
Studio Paul Facchetti, Paris, France (solo)

Public Collections

National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Japan
Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, PA
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Fransisco, CA
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
The Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH
Centre Georges Pompidou and Musée national d'art Moderne, Paris, France
Tate Gallery, London, UK
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, PA
The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, FL
The Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA

Literature

2010
Paul Jenkins: On the Rim of Time. Prato, Galleria Open Art, 2010 (catalogue).
2009
Olsen, Sandra H. Paul Jenkins in the 1960s and 1970s: Space Color and Light. New York: D. Wigmore Fine Art, 2009 (catalogue)
2007
Paul Jenkins:Recent Paintings. London, UK: Redfern Gallery, 2007 (catalogue)
Harrison, Helen A. Paul Jenkins in the Fifties: Space Color and Light. New York: D. Wigmore Fine Art, 2007 (catalogue)
2006
Selz, Peter. Paul Jenkins: the 70s. Mill Valley, CA: Robert Green Fine Arts, 2006 (catalogue)
2005
Minturn, Kent. Paul Jenkins: Paintings1954-1960. London, UK: Redfern Gallery, 2005 (catalogue)
Œuvres Majeures. Lille: Fondation Demeures du Nord, 2005 (catalogue)
2005
Paul Jenkins: Inner Cosmologies. Prato, Galleria Open Art, 2005 (catalogue)
1994
Trapp, Frank Anderson. L'Eau et la couleur, Water and Color. Angers, France: PACA, 1994 (catalogue)
1991
Bonafoux, Pascal. Conjunctions and annexes. Paris, France: Editions Galilée, 1991
1988
Verdet, André. Euphories de la couleur. New York, St-Paul-de-Vence: Imago Terrae, 1988
1973
Elsen, Albert E. Paul Jenkins (monograph). New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1973
1971
Nordland, Gerald. Paul Jenkins. New York: Universe Books, 1971 (catalogue)