Patrick Hughes (British, b.1939) is an artist known for the creation of reverspective, which is an optical illusion of a three-dimensional surface in which the various parts of the image appear farthest away when they are actually physically at the nearest point. This optical illusion is possible by painting a view in reverse. Hughes was born on October 20, 1939, in Birmingham, Britain.

After graduating from Graham Day College in Leeds, he began to teach at the Leeds College of Art. Eventually, he left that position to become an independent artist. Many of the early works produced by Hughes were somewhat playful in nature. He frequently positioned objects back to front in these works, such as Clown. In other cases, Hughes positioned words against images in his works. An example of this can be seen in One Two. Hughes also developed an interest in exploring oxymorons and paradoxes in his works. He began to experiment with the perception of perspective and illusion in the early 1960s. During the 1970s, Hughes presented his investigations regarding illusion and perception in a series of paintings and prints involving a rainbow motif. Such works included Pile of Rainbows and Prison Rainbow. He later produced prints that expressed many of the same interests with color, including Leaf Art.

The first work Hughes produced that reflected his creation of reverspective was Sticking Out Broom in 1964. He once again explored this concept with Up the Line in 1990. Since that time, his reverspective works have been shown in New York, London, Seoul, Santa Monica, Toronto, Munich, and Chicago. Hughes's work has been influenced by surrealistic themes, absurdist theatre, and comics. In particular, Hughes has been influenced by Surrealists Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, 1888–1978), Rene Magritte (Belgian, 1898–1967), and Marcel Marien (Belgian, 1920–1993). Hughes held two exhibitions in 2011. He has written four books focusing upon themes related to his art. Hughes currently lives in London with his wife.

Timeline

1939
Born: Birmingham, UK
2000
Illusions, Louis K Meisel, New York (solo)
2000
Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago (solo)
2000
Multiple Perspectives, Belloc Lowndes Fine Art, Chicago (solo)
2000
Improperspective, Flowers West, Santa Monica (solo)
2000
Reverse Perspectives, Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto (solo)
2001
Properspective, Flowers East, London (solo)
2001
Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea (solo)
2001
Flowers Central, London (solo)
2001
Recent Works, Louis K Meisel, New York (solo)
2001
Hyperspective, Flowers West, Santa Monica (solo)
2001
Flowers East at London Fields, London (solo)
2001
Certain Realities, Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto, Canada (solo)
2002
Flowers East at London Fields, London (solo)
2002
Riperspective, Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery, Birmingham, England (solo)
2002
Belloc Lowndes Fine Art, Chicago (solo)
2003
Whopperspective, Flowers East, London (solo)
2003
Reverse Perspectives, Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto, Canada (solo)
2003
Percepspective, Artower, Athens (solo)
2003
Experspective, Flowers West, Santa Monica (solo)
2003
Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea (solo)
2003
Jo Hyun Gallery, Korea (solo)
2004
Doors Etc, Flowers New York (solo)
2004
Art Chicago, Chicago (solo)
2004
Reverspectives, Galerie Vieleers, Amsterdam (solo)
2004
Flowers Central, London (solo)
2004
Reverspective, Dennos Museum Center, Midland, Michigan (solo)
2004
Reverspective, Susan Duval Gallery, Aspen, Colorado (solo)
2004
Persuasivespective, Louis K Meisel, New York (solo)
2005
Escaperspective, Keller & Greene Gallery, Los Angeles (solo)
2005
Imperspective, Mendelson Gallery, Pittsburgh (solo)
2005
Impossible, Flowers Graphics, London (solo)
2005
Perplexspective, Flowers New York (solo)
2005
Angela Flowers Gallery 35th Anniversary Exhibition, Flowers East London
2005
Small is Beautiful Flowers Central, London
2005
Selections from the Fosterart Collection, Fosterart, London
2005
Contemporary British Art, The Millinery Works Gallery, London
2005
Genialmente, Arte e Cervello, Trieste, Italy
2006
Permanentspective, Flowers East, London (solo)
2006
Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea (solo)
2006
Superduperspective, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham, England (solo)
2006
American Institute of Physics, Washington DC (solo)
2006
Shaperspective, Scott Richards Contemporary Art, San Francisco (solo)
2006
Galerie Vieleers, Amsterdam (solo)
2006
One Of A Kind, Byard Art, Cambridge
2006
Small is Beautiful, Flowers Central, London
2007
Grand Canals, Flowers Central, London (solo)
2007
Louis Meisel Gallery, New York (solo)
2007
Perspective Perpétuelle, Galerie Lelia Mordoch, Paris (solo)
2007
Aspenspective, Sardella Fine Art, Aspen, Colorado (solo)
2007
Perspectrum, Flowers, New York (solo)
2007
Prints In Between, Flower Graphics, London (solo)
2007
Prints, Flowers, New York
2007
Flowers Graphics at Graphic Studio Dublin, Ireland
2007
New Works by Gallery Artists, Flowers Central, London
2007
Small is Beautiful XXV, Flowers Central, London
2007
Small is Beautiful at Flowers, New York
2008
Galerie Boisseree, Cologne (solo)
2008
Reverspective versus Perspective, Nicolas Metivier Gallery, Toronto(solo)
2008
Perspectivirtuoso, Flowers East, London (solo)
2008
Superperspectivision, Scott Richards Contemporary Art, San Francisco (solo)
2008
Small is Beautiful, Flowers Central, London
2008
Realistic and Abstract Illusions in Contemporary Art, Meisel Gallery, New York
2008
STATIC, Harris Museum & Art Gallery, Preston
2008
Lelia Murdoch Gallery, Paris
2008
Winsor Gallery, Vancouver
2008
Small is Beautiful, Flowers, New York
2009
Patrick Hughes and Mark Mizgala, Winsor Gallery, Vancouver (solo)
2009
Perspective, Harvey Nichols, Dubai (solo)
2009
The Genius of Perverspective, Marigold Fine Art, New Delhi (solo)
2009
Patrick Hughes, Bel Air, Geneva (solo)
2009
Patrick Hughes, Intercontinental Hotel, London (solo)
2009
Perfectspective, Flowers Central, London (solo)
2009
50 Paintings for 50 Years, Portal Gallery, London
2009
Visual Deception, Touring Japan
2009
Art & Illusions, Palazzo Strozzi, Florence
2009
The Brain, Experimentarium Museum, Copenhagen
2009
Winsor Gallery, Vancouver
2010
Patrick Hughes, Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Korea (solo)
2010
Perspective and Perception, Flowers, New York (solo)
2010
Patrick Hughes, Scream Gallery, London (solo)
2010
Art & Illusions, Musee De Luxembourg, Paris
2010
Visual Illusions, Shire Hall Gallery, Staffordshire
2010
40 Years On, Flowers, London
2010
Perspectives, Hyatt Hotel, London
2010
What a Relief, Flowers, London
Lives and works in London, England

Exhibitions

2009
The Genius of Perverspective, Marigold Fine Art, New Delhi (solo)
2009
Patrick Hughes ­ Perspective, Harvey Nichols, Dubai (solo)
2009
Patrick Hughes and Mark Mizgala, Winsor Gallery, Vancouver (solo)
2008
Perspectivirtuoso, Flowers East, London (solo)
2008
Nicholas Metivier Gallery, Toronto
2008
Galerie Boisseree, Cologne
2008
Superspectivision, Scott Richards Contemporary Art
2007
Grand Canals, Flowers Central, London
2007
Louis Meisel Gallery, New York
2007
Perspective Perpétuelle, Galerie Lelia Mordoch, Paris
2007
Aspenspective, Sardella Fine Art, Aspen, Colorado
2007
Perspectrum, Flowers New York
2007
Prints In Between, Flower Graphics, London
2006
Scott Richards Contemporary Art, San Francisco; Shaperspective
2005
Perplexspective, Flowers New York
2005
Impossible, Flowers Graphics, London
2005
Imperspective, Mendelson Gallery, Pittsburgh
2005
Escaperspective, Keller & Greene Gallery, Los Angeles
2005
Foster Art Collection, London
2004
Small is Beautiful XXII: Here and Now, Flowers Central, London
2004
Reverspective, Dennos Museum Center, Michigan
2004
Persuasivespective, Louis K Meisel, New York
2004
Reverspective, Susan Duval Gallery, Aspen, Colorado
2004
Personalspectives, Midland Center for the Arts, Michigan
2004
Flowers Central, London
2004
Reverspectives, Galerie Vieleers, Amsterdam
2004
Doors Etc, Flowers New York
2003
Jo Hyun Gallery, Korea
2003
Park Ryu Sook Gallery, Seoul, Korea
2003
Experspective, Flowers West, Santa Monica
2003
Percepspective, Artower, Athens
2003
Reverse Perspectives, Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto, Canada
2003
Whopperspective, Flowers East, London
2002
Head On: Art with the Brain in mind, Science Museum London, UK
2001
Near and Far, Louis K.Meisel New York, NY, USA
2001
Properspective, Flowers East London, UK
2001
Park Ryu Sook Gallery Seoul, Korea
2000
Louis K.Meisel New York, NY, USA
2000
Museum of Science and Industry Chicago, IL, USA
2000
Multiple Perspectives, Belloc Lowndes Fine Art Chicago, IL, USA
2000
Improperspective, Flowers West Santa Monica, CA, USA
2000
Reverse Perspectives, Mira Godard Gallery Toronto, Canada
2000
Le College a la Collegiale, Collegiale Saint-Andre Chartres
1999
Extrasensory Museum: commemorating the birth of MC Escher, Fukouka, Tokyo & Nagasaki, Japan
1999
Deeperspective, Flowers East at London Fields London, UK
1999
Susan Duvan Gallery Aspen, CO, USA
1999
The Movies, Flowers West Santa Monica, CA, USA
1998
Rene Magritte and Contemporary Art, Museum Voor Moderne Kunst Ostend
1996
Belloc Lowndes Fine Art Chicago, IL, USA
1995
East at London Fields London, UK
1990
Badge Art Two, Flowers East London, UK
1989
Tricks and Transformations, City Museum and Art Gallery Hanley
1988
Surrealism is Dead: Long Live Surrealism, Crawshaw Gallery London, UK
1983
6th International Biennale of Humour and Satire, Gabrova, Bulgaria

Public Collections

Birmingham Museums and Art Galleries
Denver Art Museum
Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery
Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Wisconsin
Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, North Carolina
Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery
The Lousiana Museum, Denmark
Victoria and Albert Museum
Würth Museum, Germany