(American, February 3, 1894–November 8, 1978) was a 20th-century painter and illustrator most recognized for his cover art on The Saturday Evening Post
. Rockwell did over 300 covers for the The Saturday Evening Post
, in which he portrayed everything from everyday mundane life to social injustice and civil rights. Rockwell was born in New York, NY, on February 3, 1894, to Jarvis and Nancy Rockwell.
From an early age, Rockwell showed a fondness for artistic expression. At the age of 14, he enrolled in classes at The New York School of Art, where his first formal art training began. In 1910, at the age of 16, Rockwell dropped out of high school to attend the National Academy of Design. His stint there was short lived, however, as he would soon transfer to the Art Students League. There he studied with Thomas Fogarty
(American, 1873–1938) and George Bridgeman (Canadian-American, 1865–1943), who are credited for developing much of Rockwell's artistic skills. One of Rockwell's first paying jobs was as the art director for Boys' Life
, the official print publication of the Boy Scouts of America
. Later in his career, Rockwell would continue to work with the Boy Scouts of America, illustrating several of their campaigns, including their annual calendar.
At the age of 21, Rockwell moved with his family to New Rochelle, NY, where he would open a studio with fellow cartoonist, Clyde Forsythe
(American, 1885–1962). The two collaborated on several magazines, including Life
, Literary Digest
, and Country Gentlemen
. At age 22, Rockwell painted his first The Saturday Evening Post
cover. Rockwell would go on to create 321 covers for The Saturday Evening Post
during his career. In total, Rockwell did over 4,000 original artwork pieces. Among his most famous pieces are The Four Freedoms
(1943), Rosie the Riveter
(1943), and Golden Rule
(1961). His last piece for the The Saturday Evening Post
was published in 1963, but he continued to work for the next 10 years on Look Magazine
. Rockwell died November 8, 1978, in Stockbridge, MA, leaving behind a legacy as one of the most well-known and recognized magazine illustrators of all time.