Naum Gabo (British/Russian, 1977)

Timeline

1890
Born 5 August in Briansk, Russia. Named Naum Neemia Pevsner. He had four brothers, including Alexei and Antoine, and two sisters.
1910
Graduated from Gymnasium at Kursk. Enrolled in medical faculty at University of Munich.
1911
Transferred to study of natural sciences.
1912
Studied engineering at Technische Hochschule, Munich. During these years attended Professor Wölfflin’s lectures on the History of Art. First visit to Paris.
1913
Walking tour through Italy from Munich to Florence and Venice.
1910–1914
In Munich.
1913–1914
Visited brother Antoine who was painting in Paris.
1914
At outbreak of war went to Copenhagen, Bergen, and then Oslo with younger brother Alexei
1915
Made first constructions using the name Gabo. December: joined by elder brother Antoine.
1917
April: returned to Russia.
1918–1920
Worked on constructions and taught unofficially at State Free Art Studios. Project for a radio station at Serpukhov.
1920
First public exhibition in the open air on Tverskoi Boulevard, Moscow. Wrote Realistic Manifesto, published in Moscow, which was also signed by brother Antoine. First construction with motor.
1922
Left Moscow for Berlin. Helped to install and exhibited in the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung, organised by the Soviet Government at the Galerie van Diemen, Berlin. ‘Project for a Monument for an Observatory’.
1924
Exhibited at the Galerie Percier, Paris: Constructivistes Russes: Gabo et Pevsner and was included in Societé Anonyme, Russian exhibition in New York.
1924–1925
‘Project for a Monument for an Airport’.
1925
Project for a Monument for an Institute of Physics and Mathematics.
1926
Exhibited in America at the Little Review Gallery, New York, with van Doesburg and Pevsner. Began work on La Chatte.
1927
April 30, first performance of La Chatte at the Casino Theatre in Monte Carlo with sets, costumes and properties designed and executed by Gabo with assistance from Pevsner (the production also travelled to Paris, London and Berlin).
1928
Lectured at Bauhaus. Published article ‘Gestaltung?’ in the periodical Bauhaus (vol. 2 no. 4).
1929
Project for a Fête Lumière for the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin.
1930
First one-man exhibition of constructions at the Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover.
1931
Project for the Palace of the Soviets Competition.
1922–1932
Lived and worked in Berlin.
1932
Left Germany for Paris. ‘Project for a Monument for an Airport’.
1932–1935
Member of the group Abstraction-Création.
1935
First visit to England.
Exhibited in Hartford, Connecticut with Pevsner, Domela and Mondrian.
1936
Exhibited with fifteen artists in Abstract and Concrete at the Lefèvre Gallery, London. Exhibited with Pevsner at the Chicago Arts Club. Seven works included in Cubism and Abstract Art at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Settled in London. Married Miriam Israels in London.
1937
Edited with J. L. Martin and Ben Nicholson Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art. Two works included in large Constructivist exhibition at the Kunsthalle Basel, and two in Constructivist exhibition at the London Gallery, London. Participated in exhibition in Jeu de Paume, Paris.
1938
One-man exhibition at the London Gallery, London. Visited the United States: exhibited at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, at the Julien Levy Gallery, New York and at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie.
1939
At outbreak of war moved to Carbis Bay, Cornwall. Exhibited one work in the San Francisco Golden Gate exhibition, another in Toledo, Ohio, two in Guggenheim Jeune, London, one in Museum of Modern Art, New York, more than one in Galerie Charpentier, Paris.
1941
Birth of daughter Nina Serafima.
1942
Exhibited in New Movements in Art: Contemporary Work in England, London Museum, London and Leicester Museum and Art Gallery.
1942
The Exhibition of the Collection of the Societé Anonyme - Museum of Modern Art, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven.
1943–1944
Worked with Design Research Unit, London. Produced an advanced design for a car for Jowett which did not go into production.
1946
Left England for the United States.
1948
Exhibited with Pevsner at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Lectured at Museum of Modern Art and at Yale and Chicago Institute of Design.
1949
Commissioned to design sculptures for lobbies of the Esso Building, Rockefeller Center, New York (project never realised). Participated in Les Premières maîtres de l’art abstrait organised by Michael Seuphor at Galerie Maeght, Paris.
1950
Commissioned to make construction for the Sadie A. May wing of the Baltimore Museum of Art. Exhibited and lectured at Baltimore Museum of Art.
1951
Baltimore construction completed and installed. Exhibition at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
1952
Became a citizen of the United States of America. Exhibition, with Josef Albers, at the Chicago Arts Club.
1953
One-man exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. Exhibition, with Alexander Calder, at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford. Awarded second prize in the Unknown Political Prisoner, international sculpture competition.
1953–1954
Professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Architecture.
1954
Awarded Guggenheim Fellowship. Awarded Mr and Mrs Frank G. Logan Medal of the Art Institute of Chicago.
1954–1955
Commissioned to make sculpture for the Bijenkorf Building in Rotterdam.
1956
Commissioned to make bas-relief for the US Rubber Company, Rockefeller Center, New York. Completed in November.
1957
Bijenkorf construction, 85 feet high, completed and installed. Publication of Gabo book by Lund Humphries.
1958
One-man exhibition, Boymans Museum, Rotterdam and Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
1959
Delivered A. W. Mellon Lectures, Washington D.C. Brother Alexei re- discovered Gabo through an exhibition catalogue.
1960
Prize from the Brandeis University.
1961
Participated in exhibitions of kinetic art held at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, and at the Moderna Museet, Stockholm.
1962
Visited brothers Mark, Jeremy and Alexei, and sister Anna, in Moscow and Leningrad. Antoine Pevsner died.
1964
Publication of Alexei Pevsner’s book A Biographical Sketch of my Brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner.
1965
Elected member of the National Institute of Art and Letters.
1965–1966
Retrospective exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Kunsthalle Mannheim; Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum, Duisburg; Kunsthaus Zürich; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Tate Gallery, London.
1966
Elected to Royal Academy of Arts, Sweden.
1967
Awarded Honorary Doctorate at Royal College of Art, London. Awarded Großer Kunstpreis des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen.
1968
Retrospective exhibition at Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York. Alexei Pevsner visited Gabo in America.
1969
Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1970
Commissioned to make Torsion fountain, installed at St. Thomas’s Hospital, London in 1975.
1971
Made an Honorary K.B.E.
1970–1972
Travelling Exhibition: Louisiana Museet, Humlebaek, Denmark; Sonia Henies Museum, Høvikodden, Norway; Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo; Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Kunstverein Hannover; Musée de Peinture et Sculpture, Grenoble; Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris; Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon.
Alexei Pevsner visited Gabo in London.
1973
Commissioned to make sculpture for the Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
1975
Elected to 50-member American Academy of Arts and Letters.
1976
November 16: opening of St. Thomas’s Hospital, London and inauguration of Torsion fountain by Queen Elizabeth II.
1976–1977
November - January: One-man exhibition at the Tate Gallery, London.
1977
August 23, died in Waterbury (Connecticut) Hospital after a long illness.
1985–1987
Major retrospective Naum Gabo. Sixty Years of Constructivism shown at Dallas Museum of Art; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Akademie der Künste, Berlin; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf; The Tate Gallery, London.
1987–1988
Exhibition of monoprints shown at the Talbot Rice Gallery, University of Edinburgh and Kettle’s Yard, University of Cambridge. In 1989 tours to the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the Baltimore Museum of Art.
1990
Centenary exhibition inaugurates new gallery space of Annely Juda Fine Art.
1999
Naum Gabo, Annely Juda Fine Art, London. Naum Gabo: Pioneer of Abstract Sculpture at Pace Wildenstein Gallery, New York
2001
Naum Gabo, Georges Vantongerloo, Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart -Works On Paper, Annely Juda Fine Art, London

Exhibitions

2009
La Escultura en la Colección del IVAM - IVAM - Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia
2006
Naum Gabo - Woodcut Monoprints - Alan Cristea Gallery, London (England) (solo)
2004
Naum Gabo and Colour - Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) (solo)
1999
Naum Gabo: Pioneer of Abstract Sculpture - PaceWildenstein - 32 East 57th Street, New York City, NY (solo)
1999
Naum Gabo - Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) (solo)
1995
Gabo's Stones: Naum Gabo - Henry Moore Institute, Leeds (England) (solo)
1977
Naum Gabo 1890-1977 - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)

Literature

Naum Gabo et al., Gabo: Constructions, Sculpture, Paintings, Drawings, Engravings, Lund Humphries, London and Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts 1957
Alexei Pevsner, A Biographical Sketch of my Brothers Naum Gabo and Antoine Pevsner, Augustin and Schoonman, Amsterdam 1964
Jörn Merkert and Steven Nash (eds), Naum Gabo. Sixty Years of Constructivism, Prestel Verlag, Munich 1985 (includes C. Sanderson and C. Lodder, ‘Catalogue Raisonné of the Constructions and Sculptures’)
Graham Williams (ed.), Naum Gabo Monoprints, The Florin Press, Kent 1987
Jörn Merkert (ed.), Naum Gabo: Ein Russischer Konstruktivist in Berlin 1922-32, Berlinische Galerie, Berlin 1989
Naum Gabo 1890-1977: Centenary Exhibition, Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1990
Naum Gabo, Annely Juda Fine Art, London 1999
Martin Hammer and Christina Lodder, Gabo on Gabo: Texts and Interviews, Artist Bookworks, Sussex 2000
Martin Hammer and Christina Lodder, Constructing Modernity. The Art and Career of Naum Gabo, Yale University Press, New Haven and London 2000