Maurice Estève (French, 1904–2001) was a central figure of Tachism, a movement created by a group of European Abstract modern painters who formed during the last years of World War II. Estève is known for his lyrical, poetic experiments with color and interwoven organic forms, in works evoking a kind of Cubist Fauvism. The self-taught painter was inspired early on while visiting the Louvre in Paris in the 1920s, and in later years by Surrealist and Abstract Expressionist movements. Estève also worked extensively with collage, textile design, and painted large murals. In 1959 he took part at documenta II in Kassel, and in 1970 he received the Grand Prix National des Arts. His work has been the subject of several retrospectives in Europe, and he donated a major part of his work to the city of Bourges, France, where the Estève Museum opened in 1987. Estève, who always tried to escape from the extroverted avant-garde circles in Paris, moved to his small hometown Culan in 1995; he died there in 2001 at 97 years old.

Timeline

1904
Born in Culan, France
1918
Started living in Paris, France
1923
Ran textile design studio in Barcelona, Spain
1930
First solo exhibition at Galerie Yvangot in Paris, France
1929–1938
Exhibits regularly at the 'Salon des Surindépendants' in Paris, France
1965
Awarded the Grand Prix National des Arts
1987
Inauguration of Estève Museum, Hôtel des Echevins, Bourges, France
2001
Died in Culan, France

Exhibitions

2006
Monotypes de Maurice Estève, 1963-1964, Galerie Daniel Gervis, Paris, France (solo)
Maurice Estève 1904-2001, Paintings, Watercolours, Drawings and Monotypes, The Redfern Gallery, London, UK (solo)
2005
Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
Le Monotype, un forme de l'unique, Estève Mueum, Bourges (solo)
2003
Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
Les étapes de la Creation, Estève Museum, Bourges, France (solo)
2002
FIAC with Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
2001
Galarie Tendances, Paris, France (solo)
1998
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1994
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1992
FIAC with Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1990
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1987
Inauguration of the Estève Museum, Hôtel des Echevins, Bourges, France (solo)
1986
Retrospective, Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Grand Palais, Paris, France (solo)
1984
Tribute to Estève, Salon d'Autumne, Paris, France (solo)
1983
Proposition pour une Rétrospective, Maison de la Culture, Bourges, France; Musée Bertrand, Châteauroux, France (solo)
1982
Galerie Monique Prudhomme, Culan, France (solo)
1981
Musée Cantini, Marseilles, France; Musée de l'Etat, Luxembourg; Musée de Metz, Metz, France (solo)
1978
Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
1977
Galerie Claue Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
1974
Neue Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
1973
Galerie Claude Bernard, Paris, France (solo)
1965
Neue Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
1961
Retrospective, Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland; Kunstverein, Düsseldorf, Germany; Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, Sweden (solo)
1960
Galerie Villand-Galanis, Paris, France (solo)
1956
Retrospective, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
1955
Galerie Galanis, Paris, France (solo)
1948
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France (solo)
1947
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark
1946
Stedelijik Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1945
Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, France
1943
Galerie de France, Paris, France
1938
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
Galerie l'Equipe, Paris, France
1937
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
Peinture Française, Svenska-Franska Konstgalleriet, Stockholm,
1936
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1935
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1934
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1933
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1932
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1931
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
1930
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France
Galerie Yvangot, Paris, France (solo)
1929
Salon des Surindépendents, Paris, France

Public Collections

Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo, Norway
Göteborgs Konstmuseum, Göteborg, Sweden
Fondation Thyssen-Bornemisza, Lugano, Switzerland
Tate Galleries, London, UK
Andrew Dickson White Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
The University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, NY
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Le Havre, France
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lille, France
Musée Cantini, Marseille, France
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Metz, France
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Musée-Fondation Françoise et Souza Desnoyer, Saint-Cyprien, France
Musée de Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Henie Onstad Kunstsenter, Høvikodden, Norway
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Musée des Beaux Arts, Liège, Belgium
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark
Musée Granet, Aix-en-Provence, France
Musée Estève, Bourges, France
Musée Bertrand, Châteauroux, France
Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
Musée d'Unterlinden, Colmar, France

Literature

1999
Estève, Monique-Prudhomme. Estève, catalogue raisonné des collages. Bourges, France: Editions du musée de Bourges, 1999
1995
Estève, Monique-Prudhomme. Estève, catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre peinte. Neuchâtel, France: Editions Ides et Calendes, 1995
1987
Peyré, Yves and Jean Leymarie. Estève. Paris, France: Editions RMN, 1987
1961
Muller, Emile. Estève. Paris, France: Editions Hazan, 1961
1960
Elgar, Franck. Estève, drawings. Paris, France: Editions Galanis, 1960