Maurice de Vlaminck (French, April 4, 1876–October 11, 1958) is recognized as one of the pioneer Fauvism painters in Europe, alongside his friends and influencers André Derain (French, 1880–1954) and Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954). Vlaminck began painting in his late teens, taking lessons from a local Parisian artist named Henri Rigalon. He also doubled up as a musician after his father taught him to play the violin at a young age; but his main interest was painting, especially after he met Derain by chance following a train accident in 1900. The two painters set up a studio in Paris together from 1900 to 1901. This was a major turning point in Vlaminck's style of painting, which took place after he saw Van Gogh's Post-Impressionist paintings exhibited in France. The powerful brush strokes and intense use of unnatural colors by Van Gogh soon became his trademark, as witnessed in one of his first exhibitions held in 1905 at the Salon des Indépendants, together with Derain and Matisse.

One of Vlaminck's most popular paintings is the Remorqueur sur la Seine, Chatou (1906). This and other pieces that mainly consisted of primary color palettes prompted art critic Louis Vauxcelles to term the artists as Fauves (wild beasts) due to their unrestrained manner of painting, which was not common at the time. The artist traveled to London in 1911 and painted the River Thames, but returned to France during World War I, where he was stationed in Paris. His post-war paintings became more subdued, influenced by Paul Cézanne's work (French, 1839–1906).

The painter settled in Northwestern Paris and married a second wife, Berthe Combe, with whom he had two daughters. During this time, he wrote numerous poems and several novels, including autobiographies and songs. The artist also cycled along the Seine River for inspiration. His final works before his death in 1958 were mostly Post-Impressionist in nature, depicting rural scenes of his hometown in France.

Timeline

1876
Born in Paris, April
1879
Settled the western Parisian suburb of Le Vésinet with his musician parents
1894
Married (had many children)
1896–1899
Military service. After the war, he earned money giving music lessons and as a bicycle courier
1900
Met Monet and befriended André Dérain
1904
Exhibited in the Galerie Berthe Weill in Paris where he met Matisse and others of his circle
1905
Showed at the Salon des Indépendants. Later that year his work was included in the famous cage aux fauves at the Salon d’Automne in the company of Matisse, Marquet, Dérain, Rouault, Manguin, Camoin, Puy and Friesz.
1919
Exhibited at Druet and later was represented in a number of Exhibitions devoted to Fauvism
1951
Exhibited at the Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne de Paris
1952–1953
Exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York
1955
Honoured by his family’s country of origin with his election as a member of the Royal Academy of Belgium
1957
Exhibited at the Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne de Paris
1958
Died: in Rueil-la-Gadeliere, France on October 11th
1962
Exhibited at the Galerie Charpentier in Paris
1987
The Museum of Fine Arts in Chartres held an exhibition of his work

Exhibitions

2007
El espejo y la máscara. El retrato en el siglo de Picasso, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
2005
The splendid palette, Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TN
2004
Fauve Painting in the Permanent Collection, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
2004
Auswahl, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne
2004
Masterpieces from the National Museum in Belgrade, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Den Haag
2003
EXPRESSIV! Foundation Beyeler, Riehen
2002
La collezione Rau. Sei secoli di grande pittura europea, GAMeC - Galleria dArte Moderna e Contemporanea di Bergamo, Bergamo
2002
Wühlen in Farben, Wälzen in Klängen Aus der Sammlung, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern
2002
Maurice de Vlaminck - Katsuzo Satomi - Yuzo Saeki, Hiroshima Museum of Art, Hiroshima
2002
The Unexpected - Artists Ceramics of the Twentieth Century, Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY
2001
Le Fauvisme en noir et blanc, Musée dart moderne de Céret, Céret
2001
Classics, Galerie Beyeler, Basel
2000
La révolte de la couleur. De limpressionnisme aux avant-gardes. Musée d'Ixelles - Museum van Elsene, Brussels
2000
Farbe > Licht, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen
1999
Masterprints, Galerie nächst St. Stephan - Rosemarie Schwarzwälder, Vienna
1999
La joie de vivre, Galerie BECK & EGGELING, Duesseldorf
1998
Exhibition of the century, Wellington City Gallery, Wellington