Marcel Duchamp  (French, 1887-1968) 

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Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968), painter, sculptor, and writer, was born in Blainville, France, into a family of artists, and would become one of the most influential artists of the 20th century himself. Throughout his life he refused to accept the standard ideas of what constituted an art object, and continually rejected the conventions of an established art and exhibition system, considered essential to attain fame and financial success by many. After studying at the Académie Julian in Paris in 1905, Duchamp began painting in a Post-Impressionist style, but then adopted a more Cubist technique. By 1913, he had abandoned traditional painting altogether, developing a more conceptual approach to the art-making process through his Ready-mades—common objects, including urinals, bottle racks, and other everyday items, sometimes altered, which he submitted to exhibitions as works of art. They were rejected by critics in the art world, but had a revolutionary impact upon many contemporary circles of avant-garde painters and sculptors, and made Duchamp a notorious figure.

It was only in the last decade of his life that Duchamp’s work became renowned by large audiences. He was 76 years old when the first retrospective of his work was held at the Pasadena Museum of Art in Los Angeles, CA, in 1963. After his death in 1968, major exhibitions of his work were held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Musée National d’Art Moderne and the Centre Pompidou in Paris, and at the Palazzo Grassi in Venice. Duchamp can be considered one of the most important art historical figures of the 20th century, participating in the Dada and Surrealist groups during his lifetime as well as affecting Pop Art, Minimalism and Conceptual Art in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Marcel Duchamp, Self-Portrait in Profile

 

Marcel Duchamp
Self-Portrait in Profile
Auction: Apr 29, 2014
Stockholms Auktionsverk
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Marcel Duchamp, The Large Glass and Related Works, Vol. I, by Arturo Schwarz (set of 9 works)

 

Marcel Duchamp
The Large Glass and Related Works, Vol. I, by Arturo Schwarz (set of 9 works)
1967

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Marcel Duchamp, The Oculist Witnesses Poster

 

Marcel Duchamp
The Oculist Witnesses Poster
1970

Petersburg Press
Marcel Duchamp, The Occulist Witnesses

 

Marcel Duchamp
The Occulist Witnesses
1966

Sondra Mayer Fine Art
Marcel Duchamp, Nu descendant un escalier

 

Marcel Duchamp
Nu descendant un escalier
1937

Hollis Taggart Galleries
Marcel Duchamp, Eau et Gaz à Tous les Étages

 

Marcel Duchamp
Eau et Gaz à Tous les Étages
1959

Boreas Fine Art
Marcel Duchamp, Desnudo bajando la escalera

 

Marcel Duchamp
Desnudo bajando la escalera
1968

Galeria Cadaqués - Huc Malla
Marcel Duchamp, Dada 1916-1923, Sidney Janis, April 15 to May 9

 

Marcel Duchamp
Dada 1916-1923, Sidney Janis, April 15 to May 9
1953

Peter Harrington
Marcel Duchamp, Le Surréalisme en 1947, (Prière de Toucher)

 

Marcel Duchamp
Le Surréalisme en 1947, (Prière de Toucher)
Moeller Fine Art
Past auction results (1017)  View All
Marcel Duchamp, Self-Portrait in Profile

 

Marcel Duchamp
Self-Portrait in Profile, 1967
silkscreen

 

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Marcel Duchamp, Pierre-André Benoit: Premiere Lumière

 

Marcel Duchamp
Pierre-André Benoit: Premiere Lumière, 1959
etching

 

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Marcel Duchamp, Sans titre (photographed by Richard Hamilton)

 

Marcel Duchamp
Sans titre (photographed by Richard Hamilton), 1968
photograph

 

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1887   Born: in Blainville, France
1902   Started painting
1904   Moved to Paris, France
1904 - 1905   Studied painting at the Académie Julian, Paris, France
1912   Created 'Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2' (Philadelphia Museum of Art), causing an uproar at New York City's famous Armory Show in 1913
1915   Moved to New York, NY
1913 - 1917   Established kinetic art ('Bicycle Wheel', 1913) and ready-made art ('Fountain', 1917)
1920   Founded the Société Anonyme with Katherine Dreier and Man Ray in New York, NY
Invented Rrose Sélavy, his feminine alter ego, in New York, NY
1926   Moved back to Paris, France
1946   Began Etant donnés: 1. la chute d’eau 2. le gaz d’éclairage, a major assemblage on which he worked secretly for the next 20 years
1955   Became a United States citizen
1968   Died: in Paris, France
2013   Tell Me Whom You Haunt: Marcel Duchamp and the Contemporary Readymade, London Hanove Square, London, UK
2008 - 2009   Inventing Marcel Duchamp: The Dynamics of Portraiture, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC (solo)
Duchamp Manray Picabia, Tate Modern, London, UK
Duchamp: una obra que no es una obra “de arte, Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires, Argentina (solo)
2008   Duchamp, Man Ray, Picabia - The Moment Art Changed Forever, Tate Modern, London, UK
2006   Marcel Duchamp, Galerie Michel Vidal, Paris, France (solo)
1966   The Almost Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, Tate Gallery, London, UK (solo)
1963   By or of Marcel Duchamp or Rrose Sélavy, Pasadena Art Museum, Pasadena, CA (solo)
1954   Arensberg collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
1938   Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme, Paris, France
1937   Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL (solo)
1927   International Exhibition of Modern Art, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
1917   Society for Independent Artists, New York, NY
1913   Armory Show, New York, NY
1912   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France.
1909   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
Salon d’Automne, Paris, France
2002    Goldfarb Marquis, Alice. Marcel Duchamp: The Bachelor Stripped Bare. Boston, MA: MFA Publications, 2002
1999    Marcel Duchamp: The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction by Francis M. Naumann, Marcel Duchamp. Harry N Abrams
1997    Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, 2 volumes, revised edition, New York
1997    Calvin Tomkins, Duchamp: A Biography, London
1995    Jerrold Seigel, The Private Worlds of Marcel Duchamp: Desire, Liberation and the Self in Modern Culture, Berkeley, Los Angeles and London
1959    Robert Lebel sur Marcel Duchamp. Trianon Press