Lynn Chadwick  (British, 1914-2003) 

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Lynn Chadwick (British, 1914–2003) found international recognition when he became the youngest person ever to win the Venice Biennale’s prized sculptor award. His career spanned over 50 years, but he did not always plan on being an artist. He was born in London and studied at the Merchant Taylor School in France. After moving back to England, he worked for several architects in London during the 1930s. Working as an architectural draughtsman helped Chadwick to hone his drawing and compositional skills. After serving in the British army during World War II, Chadwick returned to the architectural business, this time working with famed architect, Rodney Thomas. Thomas persuaded him to begin creating mobiles, which were designed to hang from the ceiling, not unlike the sculptures of Alexander Calder (American, 1898–1976).

While creating these transformative sculptures, the artist started designing in other media with Thomas’s encouragement. His success led to his first solo show in 1950, and this achievement inspired Chadwick to continue his exploration of sculpture, though he began creating more grounded and stable works in metal. The artist partook in his first Venice Biennale at the British Pavilion in 1952, and in 1956, he was awarded the prize for sculpture at the event. It was there that he and his contemporaries exhibited their new style of sculpture, using iron structures and hardware-inspired constructions that emphasized line and form.

Chadwick preferred not to sketch his pieces, arriving at his final compositions through welding steel rods to create shapes that interacted with the space around them. Later, he experimented with bronze casting and works inspired by the human form, as evident in his Winged Figures series.

Chadwick was appointed Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in 1964, an honor that solidified his place in British art history, and led to his works being part of many international collections around the world. He died in his home in Gloucestershire, England in 2003 at the age of 88.

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Artworks for sale (119)
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Artworks for sale (119)

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Lynn Chadwick, Maquette for Winged Figures III

 

Lynn Chadwick
Maquette for Winged Figures III
1961

Pangolin London
Lynn Chadwick, Mobile

 

Lynn Chadwick
Mobile
1952

Pangolin London
Lynn Chadwick, Sitting couple

 

Lynn Chadwick
Sitting couple
1975

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Bukowskis Stockholm
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Lynn Chadwick, Maquette High Wind

 

Lynn Chadwick
Maquette High Wind
1994

Auction: Apr 24, 2014
Heffel Fine Art Auction House
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Lynn Chadwick, Detector III

 

Lynn Chadwick
Detector III
1963

Auction: Apr 24, 2014
Heffel Fine Art Auction House
View Details | entire auction
Lynn Chadwick, Maquette High Wind

 

Lynn Chadwick
Maquette High Wind
1994

Heffel Fine Art
Lynn Chadwick, Lion II

 

Lynn Chadwick
Lion II
1986

Gallery Jones
Lynn Chadwick, Standing Figure

 

Lynn Chadwick
Standing Figure
1962

Nancy Schwartz Fine Art
Lynn Chadwick, 'Sitting Figure I' and 'Sitting Figure II'

 

Lynn Chadwick
'Sitting Figure I' and 'Sitting Figure II'
1982

MacConnal-Mason Gallery
Past auction results (1921)  View All
Lynn Chadwick, Diamond

 

Lynn Chadwick
Diamond, 1970
bronze

 

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Lynn Chadwick, Tall girl

 

Lynn Chadwick
Tall girl, 1970
bronze

 

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Lynn Chadwick, Sans titre

 

Lynn Chadwick
Sans titre, 1957
ink on paper

 

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1914   Born in Barnes
1933 - 1939   Trained as an architectural draughtsman
1941 - 1944   Pilot in Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy
1947   First mobile shown at Building Trades Exhibition
1944 - 1949   Returned to work for architect Rodney Thomas, London
1949   Small mobile for the window of Gimpel Fils, London, as part of a mixed exhibition
1950   First one-man show at Gimpel Fils, London
1947 - 1952   Produced textile, furniture and architectural designs
1953   One of the 12 semi-finalists for The Unknown Political Prisoner International Sculpture Competition
1956   Won the International Prize for Sculpture, XXVIII Biennale, Venice
1958   Moved to Lypiatt Park
1959   Won first prize, III Concorso Internazionale del Bronzetto, Padua
1961   Exhibited hors concours at VI Bienal de São Paulo, Brazil
1962   Prize winner at VII Esposizione di Bianco e Nero, Lugano
1962   Artist in residence for a term at Ontario College of Art, Toronto
1962   Took part in a sculpture project for Italsider S.p.A, Genoa with Alexander Calder and David Smith for the Festival dei Due Monde, Rome
1964   Appointed Commander, Order of the British Empire (CBE)
1965   Elected member of the Academia di San Luca, Rome
1968   Environmental sculpture for Milan Esposizione Triennale
1988   Invited by the Director of the XLIII Venice Biennale to contribute Back to Venice for a special international sculpture survey
1988   Appointed to the Order of Andres Bello, First Class, Venezuela
1993   Created Commandeur, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France
1995   Created Associate, Academie Royale de Belgique
1995   Created Honorary Fellow, Cheltenham & Gloucester College of Higher Education
1998   Created Honorary Fellow, Bath Spa University College, Bath
2001   Elected a Senior Royal Academician, Royal Academy of Arts, London
2003   25th April died at Lypiatt Park, buried there in the Pinetum
2004   Awarded the Goldhill Award for Sculpture, Royal Academy of Arts
  Selected Public Collections
  Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
  Western Australian Art, Perth, Australia
  Art Gallery NSW, Sydney
  Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels
  National Gallery, Hamilton, Bermuda
  Art Gallery of Hamilton, Canada
  Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada
  Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  Nordjyllands Kuntsmuseum, Aalborg, Denmark
  Marie-Louise and Gunnar Didrichsen Art Museum, Helsinki
  Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
  Musée Rodin, Paris, France
  Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin
  Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv
  Jerusalem Foundation, Jerusalem
  Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Rome, Italy
  City of Spoleto, Italy
  Galeria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Spoleto, Italy
  Museo d’Arte Moderna, Venice, Italy
  Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
  National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
  Hakone Open-Air Museum, Hakone, Japan
  Museo Rufino Tamayo Arte Contemporaneo Internacional, Mexico
  Collection of the Principality of Monaco, Monte Carlo
  Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, The Netherlands
  Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo, Norway
  Instituto de Artes Contemporaneas, Lima, Peru
  The Berardo Collection, Lisbon, Portugal
  South African National Gallery, Cape Town, South Africa
  Modern Museet, Stockholm
  City Museums and Gallery, Birmingham
  City of Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, Bristol
  National Museum of Wales, Cardiff
  Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
  Arts Council of Great Britain, London
  Contemporary Art Society, London
  British Council, London
  Tate Gallery, London
  Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester
  Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield
  Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut
  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
  Museum of Modern Art, New York
  Nelson A. Rockefeller Collection, New York
  Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia
  Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio
  Hirschhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington DC
  Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofia Imber, Caracas
2007   Lynn Chadwick: Prints and Maquettes, Gallery Pangolin, Gloucestershire (solo)
2006   Beaux Arts, London (solo)
2006   Osborne Samuel, London (solo)
2005   Celebrating Chadwick, The Museum in the Park, Gloucestershire (solo)
2004   Canary Wharf, Osborne Samuel Gallery, London (solo)
2004   Lynn Chadwick 1914 - 2003, Dexia, Luxembourg curated by Gallery Pangolin (solo)
2003   Coming from the Dark, Gallery Pangolin, Gloucestershire (solo)
2003   Tate Britain, Duveen Galleries, London (solo)
2002   Buschlen Mowatt Gallery, Palm Desert, California (solo)
2002   Tasende Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
2001   Beaux Arts, London (solo)
2001   JGM Galerie, Paris (solo)
1999   Beaux Arts, London (solo)
1996   Gimpel Fils and Berkeley Square Gallery, London (solo)
1996   Symbols for ’51, The Royal Festival Hall, London
1996   Les Champs de la Sculpture, Champs Elyseés, Paris
1994   A Changing World of Sculpture from the British Council Collection, The State Museum, St Petersburg, Russia
1994   Beaux Arts, Bath (solo)
1993   Galeria Freites, Caracas (solo)
1993   The Economist Plaza, London (solo)
1992   Gallery Universe, Tokyo (solo)
1992   Galleria Blu, Milan (solo)
1992   Galerie Marbeau, Paris (solo)
1991   Marlborough Gallery, New York (solo)
1991   The Museum of Modern Art, Toyama (solo)
1991   Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield (solo)
1990   Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Sofia Imber, Caracas (solo)
1989   Marlborough Fine Art, London (solo)
1989   Marlborough Gallery, New York (solo)
1988   Galeria Freites, Caracas (solo)
1988   Modern British Sculpture from the Collection, Tate Gallery, Liverpool
1987   Erika Meyerovich Gallery, San Francisco (solo)
1986   British Embassy, sponsored by Christie’s Contemporary Art (solo)
1986   Beaux Arts, Bath (solo)
1986   Galleria Blu, Milan (solo)
1985   Marlborough Gallery, New York (solo)
1985   Recalling the Fifties: British Painting and Sculpture 1950-60, Serpentine Gallery, London
1984   Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London
1984   Marlborough Fine Art, London (solo)
1983   Mercury Gallery, Edinburgh (solo)
1982   Christie’s Contemporary Art, New York (with Victor Pasmore)
1981   British Sculpture in the Twentieth Century, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1980   Galerie Regards, Paris (solo)
1979   Keys Gallery, Londonderry (solo)
1978   Marlborough Fine Art, London (solo)
1977   A Silver Jubilee Exhibition of Contemporary British Sculpture, Battersea Park, London
1977   Carved, Modelled, Constructed: three aspects of British 20th century sculpture, Tate Gallery, London
1975   Arte Contacto Galeria de Arte, Caracas (in collaboration with Marlborough Gallery, New York) (solo)
1975   Sculpture in Holland Park, London
1974   Marlborough Fine Art, London (solo)
1974   Jiyugaoka Gallery, Tokyo (solo)
1972   Galleria Blu, Milan (solo)
1971   Galeria Wspólczesna, Warsaw (solo)
1971   IVème Exposition Internationale de Sculpture Contemporaine, Musée Rodin, Paris
1969   Galerie Withofs, Brussels (solo)
1968   Galleria Blu, Milan (solo)
1966   Marlborough New London Gallery (solo)
1966   Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
1965   British Sculpture in the Sixties, Tate Gallery, London
1965   Sculptures from Albert A. List Family Collection, New York Art Center
1964   Contemporary British Sculpture (Arts Council open-air touring exhibition)
1964   Exhibition of Venice Biennale Prizewinners since 1948, Galeria d’Arte Moderne, Venice
1963   Sculpture in the Open Air (London County Council exhibition), Battersea Park, London
1963   Galleria Blu, Milan (with Kenneth Armitage)
1962   Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, Japan (with Kenneth Armitage)
1962   British Art Today, San Francisco Museum of Art, Dallas Museum of Contemporary Arts, Santa Barbara Museum of Art
1961   2ème Exposition Internationale de Sculpture Contemporaine, Musée Rodin, Paris
1961   Peter Lanyon, William Scott, Lynn Chadwick, Merlyn Evans, VI Biennale de São Paulo, Museo de Arte Moderna (solo)
1961   Marlborough Fine Art, London (solo)
1960   Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover (with Kenneth Armitage)
1959   John Moores Liverpool Exhibition 2, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool
1958   50 Ans d’Art Moderne, Palais International des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
1958   Galerie Daniel Cordier, Paris (solo)
1957   Saidenberg Gallery, New York (solo)
1957   Contemporary Art – Acquisitions 1954-1957, Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
1957   Sculpture 1850 and 1950, Holland Park, London
1956   The Seasons, Tate Gallery, London
1956   Exposition Internationale de Sculpture Contemporaine, Musée Rodin, Paris
1956   XXVIII Biennale, Venice (with Ivon Hitchens)
1955   Young British Sculptors (touring exhibition by the Arts Club of Chicago)
1955   54th London Group, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1954   Sculpture in the Open Air, Holland Park, London
1953   The Unknown Political Prisoner (sponsored by the Institute for Contemporary Arts), Tate Gallery, London
1953   IXème Salon de Mai, Palais de New York, Paris
1953   2ème Biennale de la Sculpture, Middelheim Park, Antwerp
1952   New Aspects of British Sculpture, XXXVI Biennale, Venice
1952   Gimpel Fils, London (solo)
1951   Festival of Britain, South Bank, London
1950   Gimpel Fils, London (solo)
   Lynn Chadwick, in Artists of Our Time, Herbert Read, Künstler Unserer Zeit, IV, Bodensee-Verlag, Amriswil, Switzerland, 2nd edn. 1960
   Lynn Chadwick, Judith Collins; Intro. by Eva Chadwick, Ruder Finn Press Inc, New York, 2006
   Lynn Chadwick,Dennis Farr, Tate, London, 2004
   Lynn Chadwick, Osborne Samuel, London, 2004
   Chadwick, Edward Lucie- Smith, Lypiatt Studio, 1997
   Lynn Chadwick, Dennis Farr, Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Kyoto & Hakone Open-Air Museum; 1991
   Lynn Chadwick, Sculpture 1951-1991, Andrew Causey, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, 1991
   Lynn Chadwick. Sculptor. A Complete Illustrated Catalogue 1947-1988, Dennis Farr & Eva Chadwick, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990
   Lynn Chadwick: The Sculptor and His World, Nico Koster & Paul Levine, SMD Informatief Spruyyt, Van Mantgem & De Does, Leiden, 1988
   Lynn Chadwick, in Art in Progress, Alan Bowness, Methuen, London, 1962
   Chadwick, in Modern Sculptors, Josef Paul Hodin Zwemmer, London, 1961