(German, 1858–1925) was a painter and printmaker associated with the Berlin Secession group of artists, and best known for portraits, landscapes, and genre scenes that incorporate Impressionist and Expressionist influences. In 1880, he began studying at the Münchener Kunstakademie with Ludwig von Löfftz
, who trained Corinth in Academic Realism. He moved to Paris in 1884 to study at the Académie Julian, where he began painting female nudes in a non-idealized, realistic manner, different from the academic tradition. In his literary paintings, Corinth depicted religious, mythological, and historical subjects with exaggerated gestures that mocked academic seriousness.
Inspired by the brushwork of Frans Hals the Elder
and Rembrandt van Rijn
, Corinth painted a series of slaughterhouses, using light and thick pigment to give the carcasses a sensuality reminiscent of the nude. Corinth’s style gradually moved toward Expressionism as his palette became brighter, and his paint thicker. His self-portraits illustrate this transition; early portraits reflect his training in Academic Naturalism, while later work, such as Last Self-portrait
(1925), breaks down naturalistic representation with uneven brushstrokes. Corinth also collaborated on theatrical productions as a set and costume designer, and, starting in the 1890s, made engravings, lithographs, and watercolors as preparatory sketches or book illustrations. His work is currently held in collections such as The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, and the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.