Louis Valtat (French, 1869–1952) was a French painter, straddling the stylistic transition from Impressionism to Fauvism. Valtat was born in Dieppe in the Normandy region of France, and moved to Paris at age 17 to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He continued his studies at Academie Julian in Paris, meeting fellow students Albert André (French, 1869–1954), Pierre Bonnard (French, 1867–1947), and Édouard Vuillard (French, 1868–1940), calling themselves Les Nabis. He was awarded the Jauvin d’Attainville prize in 1890, and presented his first show at the Salon of Independent Artists in 1893. His early work consisted mainly of street scenes, painted with classic Impressionist and Pointillist techniques of rapid brush strokes and intense color. In 1894, he collaborated with Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1862–1901) creating set designs for the Parisian theatre L’Œuvre.

Valtat suffered from tuberculosis, and beginning in 1900, traveled often to the Spanish and French Mediterranean for its favorable climate. There, he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French, 1841–1919) and Paul Signac (French, 1863–1935), famously collaborating on a bust of Paul Cézanne (French, 1839–1906) with Renoir. This time marked increased experimentation in Valtat’s style, and his work was included in the famous Salon d’Automne in 1905, where the term Fauvism was first coined to describe the new artistic trend of bold coloration. Valtat returned to Paris full time in 1914, continuing to paint landscapes and works inspired by his garden. He was awarded the Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur in 1927. His work is included in the collections of the Hermitage Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Musée d’Orsay, among others.

Timeline

1869
Born: in Dieppe, France
1886
Started studying at the École des Beaux Arts, Paris, France
1890
Received the Jauvin d'Attainville prize
1894
Achieved a scenery for the theater “l’Oeuvre” in collaboration with Toulouse Lautrec
1927
Named Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur
1952
Died: in Choisel, France

Exhibitions

2010
Louis Valtat (1869-1952, Musée Brayer, Les Baux de Provence, France (solo)
2007
Flowers and The Still Life, Soufer Gallery, New York, NY
2000
Les Années Fauves, 1904-1908, Fundacio Caixa Catalunya, Barcelone, Spain
1999
Les Fauves et la Critique, Palais Bricherasio, Turin, Italy
1995
Louis Valtat (1869-1952), Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux, France (solo)
1977
Louis Valtat, Galerie de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
1976
Les Fauves, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1974
Le Peintre et sa Palette, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France
1970
Le Grenier à Sel, Honfleur, France
1968
Les Fauves et les Expressionnistes, Galerie Hutton, New York, NY
1967
Autour du Fauvisme : Valtat et ses Amis, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, France
1966
Matisse et ses Amis, Kunstverein, Hambourg, Germany
1965
La Cage aux Fauves, Galerie de Paris, Paris, France
Musée National d’Art Moderne, Kyoto, Japan
1963
Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, France
Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Nantes, France
1962
Les Fauves, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France
1959
Retrospective, Musée du Château, Dieppe, France (solo)
Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, France
1956
Palais Galliera, Paris, France
1954
Palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France
Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France
1953
Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France
Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, France
Salon d’Automne, Paris, France
1951
Le Fauvisme, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
1922
Galerie Druet, Paris, France
1920
Galerie Royale, Bruxelles, Belgium
1913
Salon Octave Mirbeau, Paris, France
1912
Galerie Druet, Paris, France
Galerie La Cave, Paris, France
Galerie Ambroise Vollard, Paris, France
1908
Moskva Tretyakov Galerie, Moscow, Russia
1906
Kunst Salon Ersnt Arnold, Dresde, Germany
1903
Gebaüde der Secession, Vienna, Austria
Salon d’Automne, Grand-Palais, Paris, France
1900
La Libre Esthétique, Bruxelles, Belgium
Galerie Ambroise Vollard, Paris, France
1899
Galerie Durand Ruel, Paris, France
1896
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1894
Salon des Cent, Paris, France
1893
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France