Leonora Carrington  (British, 1917-2011) 

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Leonora Carrington (British, April 6, 1917–May 25, 2011) was an artist and author who was best known as one of the leading female figures of the Surrealist movement. Carrington was born in Clayton Green, Lancashire, England, to a wealthy textile merchant family and received much of her early education from tutors and nuns. After being expelled from several schools due to her rebellious nature, Carrington was sent to Florence, Italy, to attend her first art school, Mrs. Penrose's Academy of Art. Her education continued with her attendance at Chelsea School of Art in London for a year, after which she transferred to Ozenfant Academy, London, for the following three years.

In 1937, Carrington met Max Ernst (German, 1891–1976), who is recognized as one of the pioneers of the Surrealist movement. Carrington and Ernst formed a strong bond and lived in Paris and southern France where they supported each other's artistic talent and vision. This would result in their collaboration on several pieces of art that they used to decorate their home. After Ernst's arrest by the Nazis shortly after their occupation of France, Carrington moved to Spain, where she suffered a complete breakdown that resulted in her being institutionalized. This experience would directly influence both her artistic and written works in the coming years. Examples of this influence can be seen in her novel Down Below (1972) and her paintings Portrait of Dr. Morales (1940) and Map of Down Below (1943).

In 1947, Carrington became extremely well-known almost overnight after she showcased her work at a Surrealist exhibition held at the Pierre Matisse Gallery. As the only professional female painter represented at the exhibit, she quickly made a name for herself as one of the most prominent female painters of the Surrealist movement. In 2010, Carrington's work was presented during an exhibit called Surreal Friends at the Pallant House Gallery in West Sussex. Before her death in 2011, Carrington was recognized as one of the last female painters of the Surrealist movement who was still alive. She also gained recognition when her painting Juggler (1954) set a new record as the most expensive piece ever sold by a living Surrealist painter. Carrington died on May 25, 2011.

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Leonora Carrington, Badgers Burrow

 

Leonora Carrington
Badgers Burrow
1989

Gallery Jones
Leonora Carrington, Winged Ram

 

Leonora Carrington
Winged Ram
1959

Mary-Anne Martin/Fine Art
Leonora Carrington, Untitled

 

Leonora Carrington
Untitled
1973

Mary-Anne Martin/Fine Art
Leonora Carrington, Spiderweb (for Edward James)

 

Leonora Carrington
Spiderweb (for Edward James)
1948

Gallery Wendi Norris
Leonora Carrington, Dos Amigos

 

Leonora Carrington
Dos Amigos
Framont
Leonora Carrington, Dos personajes

 

Leonora Carrington
Dos personajes
1965

Gallery Wendi Norris
Leonora Carrington, Sanctuary for Furies

 

Leonora Carrington
Sanctuary for Furies
1974

Gallery Wendi Norris
Leonora Carrington, Untitled

 

Leonora Carrington
Untitled
1969

Gallery Wendi Norris
Leonora Carrington, Untitled

 

Leonora Carrington
Untitled
1969

Gallery Wendi Norris
Past auction results (695)  View All
Leonora Carrington, Tuesday

 

Leonora Carrington
Tuesday
lithograph

 

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Leonora Carrington, Sin título

 

Leonora Carrington
Sin título
engraving

 

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Leonora Carrington, Crow soup

 

Leonora Carrington
Crow soup, 1997
lithograph

 

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1917   Born in Lancashire, England
1936   Attended the Chelsea School of Art, London, England
1936 - 1937   Attended the Academy of Amédée Ozenfant, London, England
1986   Recipient, Lifetime Achievement Award, Women's Caucus for Art, New York, NY
2011   Died in Mexico City, Mexico
2013 - 2014   Leonora Carrington: The Celtic Surrealist, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland (solo)
2008   Talismanic Lens, Frey Norris Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
2007   Surrealism: Dreams on Canvas, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
2003   Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and 20th Century Mexican Art: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, National Museum of Mexican Art, Chicago, IL
2001 - 2002   Surrealism: Desire Unbound, The Tate, London, England and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
1999   Mirror Images: Women, Surrealism and Self-Representation, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Surrealism: Two Private Eyes/The Nesuhi Ertegun and Daniel Filipacchi Collections, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1993   Regards des Femmes, Musée d'Art Moderne, Lieja, France
Sujeto-Objeto, Museo Regional de Guanajuato, Guanajuato y Museo de Monterrey, Moneterrey, Mexico
1991   Galería de Arte del Auropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Serpentine Gallery, London, England (solo)
Sainsbury, Norwich, England (solo)
Arnolfini, Bristol, England (solo)
The Mexican Museum, San Francisco, CA (solo)
1990   Art Company, Leeds, England (solo)
Brewster Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1989   Museo Nacional de la Estampa, INBA, Mexico (solo)
1987   Brewster Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Art Space Mirage, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
Alexander Iolas Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1970   Impressionism to Surrealism, Worthing Art Gallery, Worthing, England
1969   The Surrealists, Byron Gallery, New York, NY
Galerie Pierre, Paris, France (solo)
Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Sala Nacional, Mexico (solo)
Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Galería de Arte Mexicano, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
1968   Artistas Británicos en México 1800/1968, Instituto Anglo-Mexicano de Cultura, Mexico
1967   IX Bienal de Pintura, São Paulo, Brazil
1966   Surrealism: A State of Mind, Universidad de California, Santa Barbara, CA
Surrealismo y Arte Fantástico en México, Galeria Universitaria, Aristos, Mexico
1965   Galería Antonio Souza, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Instituto Cultural Anglo-Mexicano, Mexico (solo)
Galería Clardecor, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
1963   Pinturas de la colección de Edward James, Worthing Art Gallery, Worthing, England
1961   El Retrato Mexicano Contemporáneo, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
1959   Eros Galerie, Daniel Cordier, Paris, France
1956   Galería de Arte Mexicano, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
1943   Exposición de 31 mujeres artistas, Arte de este siglo, New York, NY
First Papers of Surrealism, Madison Avenue Gallery, New York, NY
20th Century Portraits, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1942   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1938   Esposition du Surréalisme, Galerie Robert, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme, Galerie Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
2004    Aberth, Susan L. Leonora Carrington: Surrealism, Alchemy, and Art. London: Lund Humphries Publishers, 2004.