Jules Chéret  (French, 1836-1932) 

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Jules Cheret (French, 1836–1932) was a renowned painter and lithographer. Cheret was born in Paris, France, and his family was considered poor, though most of the family members had artistic leanings. At the age of 13, the artist left school and became an apprentice to a lithographer for three years. Cheret became increasingly interested in painting, and went on to enroll at École Nationale de Dessin to study art. Cheret went to London to study photography from 1859 to 1866, and was greatly influenced by British Art, especially printing and poster design.

When Cheret returned to France, he took up poster printing and made posters for different theaters, including Eldorado, the Moulin Rouge, and the Olympia. Apart from the British poster printers, Cheret was also influenced by Rococo artists, such as Antoine Watteau (French, 1684–1721). The demand for Cheret's work grew, and he started working for different outfits, such as municipal festivals, beverage companies, and even pharmaceutical companies, producing different graphical advertisements. Cheret was given the tag Father of The Women's Liberation when he began producing huge paintings of free-spirited females, widely known as Cherettes, which were very much in contrast to the then prevailing norm of depicting females as puritans or prostitutes. Examples of Cheret's paintings include L'Arc en Ciel (1893), Grand Bal Masque (1896), and Musee Grevin, Theatre les Fantoches (1900).

Cheret was instrumental in the emergence of printers and poster designers in the late 1890s. He created the Maîtres de l'Affiche collection in 1895. This was a collection of reproductions from 97 Parisian artists, and the work inspired different artists, including Charles Gesmar (French, 1900–1928). Cheret retired to Nice, France, when he was an old man. The French government awarded him the Légion d'honneur in 1890. Cheret exhibited his work in different institutions, including The Louvre and the Salon, both in Paris, France. Cheret's works are found in various galleries in different countries, including the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany, and the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY. Cheret died in Nice.

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Jules Chéret, La Joneuse de Mandoline

 

Jules Chéret
La Joneuse de Mandoline
1897-1903

Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Elegante Assise

 

Jules Chéret
Elegante Assise
Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Le Pas de Dance

 

Jules Chéret
Le Pas de Dance
Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, 'Legends et Nouvelle Tragiques' with book

 

Jules Chéret
'Legends et Nouvelle Tragiques' with book
Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Programme

 

Jules Chéret
Programme
Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Saxoleine

 

Jules Chéret
Saxoleine
1896

Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Maitres De L’Affiche: Plate 21

 

Jules Chéret
Maitres De L’Affiche: Plate 21
1893

Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Maitres De L’Affiche: Plate 25

 

Jules Chéret
Maitres De L’Affiche: Plate 25
1895

Zygman Voss Gallery
Jules Chéret, Sarah Bernhardt - La Dame aux Camelias

 

Jules Chéret
Sarah Bernhardt - La Dame aux Camelias
1898

Heather James Fine Art
Past auction results (1929)  View All
Jules Chéret, Cabaret Roumain de l'Exposition ... Montagnes Russes

 

Jules Chéret
Cabaret Roumain de l'Exposition ... Montagnes Russes, 1980
color lithograph

 

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Jules Chéret, Yvette Guilbert, au Concert Parisien

 

Jules Chéret
Yvette Guilbert, au Concert Parisien, 1891
color lithograph

 

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Jules Chéret, Quinquina Mugnier, Grand Aperitif

 

Jules Chéret
Quinquina Mugnier, Grand Aperitif, 1890
color lithograph

 

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1836   Born in Paris
1858   Printed first color poster in France
1889 - 1890   Chéret created two posters for the Moulin Rouge
1933   "Automne in Paris" retrospective , Salon, Paris
1912   The Louvre