Judy Chicago (American, b.1939) is an artist, feminist, and author. She is associated with the beginnings of the Feminist Art movement in the 1970s, and is considered one of the most prominent artists to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on women and art. Chicago’s most well-known work, The Dinner Party (1974-1979), is considered an iconic work of the Feminist Art movement. The work represents 1,038 fictional and historical women, 39 of whom are symbolized by intricately designed place settings at a triangularly-shaped table, while 999 other names are inscribed in gold on the Heritage Floor. The Dinner Party was created by Chicago with the assistance of hundreds of volunteers, and it has been displayed in sixteen separate exhibitions across six different countries. It found a permanent residence in 2007, at the Brooklyn Museum’s Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. Alongside the Brooklyn Museum’s acquisition, Chicago published The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation (2007), her most recent and updated book on the work. Other notable works by Chicago include Birth Project (1980-1985) and Holocaust Project (1985-1993). Birth Project is a series of embroidered works and tapestries depicting scenes of creation, birth, and fertility, designed by Chicago and executed by 150 needle workers under Chicago’s supervision. As part of an exploration into her Jewish heritage, Chicago spent eight years producing Holocaust Project, first presented in October of 1993 at the Spertus Museum in Chicago, IL. The series includes painting, photography by Donald Woodman—the artist’s husband—and works of tapestry and stained glass. Chicago’s written and artistic contributions span five decades. She received a BA and MA from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1962 and 1964, respectively, and since then has been the recipient of honorary doctoral degrees from Russell Sage College, Smith College, Lehigh University, Duke University, and Hebrew Union College.

Timeline

1939
Born in Chicago, IL
1962
BA, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
1964
MA, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
1992
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, Russell Sage College, Troy, New York
2000
Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, Smith College, Northampton, MA
2003
Honorary Doctorate in Fine Arts, Duke University, Durham, NC
2008
Women’s Art: Women’s Vision Honoree, National Women's History Project

Exhibitions

2009
"Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968", Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland
2008
"Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968", Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
2007
Canadian Clay and Glass Gallery, Waterloo, Ontario
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA
KISS KISS BANG BANG, 45 Years of Art and Feminism, Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao, Spain
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM
ACA Galleries, New York, NY
Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion Museum, New York, NY
2006
Los Angeles, 1955-1985, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
“Chicago in Glass” LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
2004
“Judy Chicago Minimalism, 1965-1973” LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
2002
National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC
1993–2002
Holocaust Project: From Darkness Into Light, organized & toured by Through the Flower
1979–2002
The Dinner Party, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, others.
2001
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
1984–2000
The Birth Project, National Association of Women Artists
1999
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
1996
Cline LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM (solo)
1994–1996
Sources and Collaboration, Austin Museum of Art

Public Collections

Austin Museum of Art, Austin, TX
British Museum, London, England
Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art at the Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
Getty Trust, Los Angeles, CA
Kinsey Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Lannan Foundation, Santa Fe, NM
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LA, CA
Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe, NM
National Gallery, Washington, D.C.
National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C.
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA
Oakland Museum of Art, Oakland, CA
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Tamarind Institute, Albuquerque, NM
UCLA Armand Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA

Literature

2007
The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation
2005
Kitty City: A Feline Book of Hours
1999
Women and Art: Contested Territories, with Edward Lucie-Smith
1996
Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist
The Dinner Party/Judy Chicago
1993
Holocaust Project: From Darkness into Light
1985
The Birth Project
1980
Embroidering Our Heritage: The Dinner Party Needlework
1979
The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage
1975
Through the Flower: My Struggle as a Woman Artist