Joyce Wieland  (Canadian, 1931-1998) 

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I think being an artist is about following your own way, and having the courage to be who you are and what you are. To have self-knowledge ... that deep, dark discovery of self, part of which is maturing, part of which is creating wholeness.



Joyce Wieland (Canadian, 1931–1998) is legendary for her contribution to the development of contemporary visual arts in Canada. A self-described "cultural activist" she is best known for celebrating Canadian national identity and bringing forward feminist issues within the predominantly male art culture of the time. Initially a painter and filmmaker, she also used traditional women''''s media such as quilts and sewn collages. In her mind, the landscape and ecology of Canada was female. Issues of gender and nationality were interchangeable. Concern with the protection of Canadian confederation and gender issues would repeatedly surface in her quilts, films, and assemblages.

Wieland was left in the care of an older brother and sister after the death of both of her parents. She took solace in drawing and creating comic strips. During her high school years, she was encouraged to enroll in her school’s visual art program. Later, work as a graphic designer and at an animation house provided her with the techniques that would be used in future art production. In 1956, Wieland married the artist Michael Snow (Canadian, b.1929). Two years later, she had her first solo show and, by 1960, she was represented by Toronto''''s leading art dealer, Avrom Isaacs, of the Isaacs Gallery.

Wieland immersed herself in the New York art scene, relocating there with Snow in 1962. She also began producing work in the underground film-making community, and most of her own films were made during her stay in the city and shown at local festivals.

Many of Wieland''''s ideas, including nationalism and feminism were formulated in New York during this time away from Canada. Works such as Cooling Room II (1964) show the influence of American pop culture and filmmaking on her work. The piece features a toy airplane and an image of a sinking ship, a heart cut out of red material hangs to dry on a clothesline, and a series of coffee cups with lipstick stains mark the passage of time.

The predominance of red and white suggest an equation between heartbreak, disaster, and the colors of the Canadian flag. Confedspread (1967), playfully composed of numerous sewn squares of colorful plastic and synthetic fillers, is Wieland''''s first attempt at using the quilt format as a vehicle of expression. More quilts would follow: Reason Over Passion (1968) echoed the words of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Her retrospective at Ottawa’s National Gallery, in 1971, was the gallery’s first ever for a female artist. In it, she introduced ideas of artistic collaboration to the public by contracting groups of sewers to help make the quilts.

Wieland''''s prolific career lasted over 30 years and established her as an icon of the Canadian art world. She is credited with breaking conventions that contributed significantly to the development of Contemporary Art in Canada.

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Joyce Wieland, Squid Jigging 44/50

 

Joyce Wieland
Squid Jigging 44/50
1973

Oeno Gallery
  
Past auction results (40)  View All
Joyce Wieland, Untitled

 

Joyce Wieland
Untitled, 1964
flag, water, mason jar

 

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Joyce Wieland, Untitled

 

Joyce Wieland
Untitled, 1989
pencil

 

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Joyce Wieland, Seated figure with vase of flowers

 

Joyce Wieland
Seated figure with vase of flowers
ink

 

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1931   Born in Toronto, ON, Canada
1966   Received Canada Council grants.
1968   Received Canada Council grants.
1972   Received Canadian Council Victor M. Lynch-Staunton Award.
1972   Bills Hat, Expanded Cinema, Cinecity, Toronto, ON
1973   Member of the Royal Academy of Arts.
1975   Received National Science Library Commission, Ottawa, ON.
1976   Received Canadian Film Awards (3) for the film, The Far Shore.
1977   Received Bata Shoes Commission, Eatons Centre, Toronto, ON.
1977   Won Toronto Transit Commission, Spadina Line, Toronto, ON.
1981 - 1982   Laidlaw Foundation Commission, Toronto, ON.
1983   Became Officer of the Order of Canada.
1984   Received Canada Council grants.
1986   Received Canada Council grants.
1986   Member of the Arts and Letters Club, Toronto, ON.
1985 - 1987   Received ON Arts Council Grant.
1987   Received Cineplex Odeon Mural Commission.
1987   Received Toronto Arts Award.
1987   Mayoral Reception in her honour.
1987   Received YMCA Woman of Distinction Award
1989   Received Canada Council grants.
1990   Received Via Rail Commission.
  Graduated from Central Technical School, Toronto
1990   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1990
The Art of Joyce Wieland; McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, ON (solo exhibition)
Joyce Wieland: Middle and Late Works; Ron Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON. (solo exhibition)
1989   Travelled to Ireland.
The Curators Choose; Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
1988   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1988
Joyce Wieland Quilts, Paintings and Works on Paper; Canada House, London, England. (solo exhibition)Joyce Wieland Retrospective; Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina Saskatchewan. (solo exhibition)
Fibre: Tradition/Transition Ð Historic Textiles from Essex and Kent Counties and Contemporary Canadian Quilts;Art Gallery of Windsor, traveling in ON and to the Royal ON Museum, Toronto, ON.
Royal Canadian Academy Show protesting Bill C-54; Toronto, ON.
1987   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1987
Joyce Wieland Retrospective; Confederation Centre Art Gallery and Museum, Charlottetown, PEI. (solo exhibition)
Joyce Wieland Retrospective; Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, NB. (solo exhibition)
Joyce Wieland Retrospective; Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON. (solo exhibition)
Joyce Wieland Retrospective; The Arts and Letters Club, Toronto ON. (solo exhibition)
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
1985   Joyce Wieland: A Decade of Painting; Concordia University, Montreal, QC. (solo exhibition)
1983 - 1985   Canada Mikrokosma: An Exhibition of Contemporary Canadian Tapestries; Agnes Etherington Centre, Kingston, ON. (travelling exhibition to Crystal Palace). Madrid,Spain; Textile Museum, Krefeld, Germany; Nord Gyllands Kuntsmuseum, Copenhagen, Denmark; major centres in Canada.
1984   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1984
The Summer Show: works by Gathie Falk, Liz Magor and Joyce Wieland; Toronto Painting '84; Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
Troisième Biennale de Tapisserie de Montreal, Canada: Canadian Cultural Centre, Paris, France.
Reflections:Contemporary Art Since 1964 at the National Gallery of Canada; Ottawa
Edge and Image: Concordia University Art Gallery, Montreal, QC
Hearts: Hart House Gallery, University of Toronto, ON.
1983   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1983
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
Toronto Painting of the 1960s; Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
New Perceptions: Portraiture; Art Gallery at Harbourfront, Toronto, ON.
Contemporary Outdoor Scultpture at The Guild; Guild of All Arts, Toronto, ON
1982   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1982
Yajima Galerie, Montreal, QC
Joyce Wieland: New Paintings; Forest City Gallery, London ON. (solo exhibition)
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
1981   Twentieth Century Canadian Painting; National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan.
1980   Joyce Wieland and Judy Chicago; Powerhouse Gallery, Montreal, QC.
1979 - 1980   Pauline McGibbon Cultural Centre, Toronto ON.
1978   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1978
Modern Canadian Painting in Canada: A Survey of Major Movements in Twentieth Century Art; Edmonton Art Gallery, Alberta.
Joyce Wieland: Drawings from "The Far Shore"; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (solo exhibition)
1977   Canadian Tapestries '77; (travelling exhibition) Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
1975 - 1977   LandscapeCanada - Roots and Promise, Image and Symbol; (travelling exhibition) Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
1976   O Canada; London Regional Art Gallery, London, ON.
First Dalhousie Drawing Exhibition; Dalhousie Univesity Art Gallery,Halifax, Nova Scotia.
1974   Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
Inaugural Exhibition for the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, ON.
1972   Joyce Wieland: Independent Canadian Art Show; University of Guelph Art Gallery, Guelph, ON. (solo exhibition)
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
Comic Art Traditions; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON.
1971   True Patriot Love; National Gallery of Canada, ON.
1970   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1970
Eight Artists From Canada; Tel-Aviv Museum, Israel.
Survey 70 - Realism(e)s; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts and Art Gallery of ON, Toronto.
Rothman's Art Gallery, Stratford, ON.
1969   Joyce Wieland Retrospective; Glendon College Art Gallery, York University, Toronto. (solo exhibition)
The Wall Art for Architecture; (travelling exhibition) Art Gallery of ON, Toronto, ON.
1968   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1968
Joyce Wieland Retrospective; 1957-1967; Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BC. (solo exhibition)
Canada 101; Edinburg International Festival, Scotland.
Canada Art d'Aujoud hui; Musee National d'Art Moderne. Paris, France.
1967 - 1968   Wieland and Meredith (travelling exhibition) National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa ON.
1967   Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
1967   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1967
Painting in Canada; Canadian Government Building, Expo '67, Montreal, QC.
Centennial Exhibition; Hudsons Galleries, Detriot Michigan, USA.
The Satirical in Art; York University Art Gallery, Toronto, ON.
1966   20/20 Gallery, London, ON.
Norman MacKenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Saskatchewan.
1965   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1965
Conferderation Centre Art Gallery and Museum, Charlottetown, PEI.
Graphics; University of Western ON, London, ON.
Polychrome Construction: Dennis Burton, Donald Judd, Gordon Raynor,Michael Snow, David Weinrib, Joyce Wieland. Isaacs Gallery, Toronto, ON.
Sixth Biennial of Canadian Painting: National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON.
Interim Works by Four Artists: Richard Gorman, Robert Markle, Michael Snow,Joyce Wieland; Isaacs Gallery, Toronto, ON.
Canadian Art Today; University of Waterloo Gallery, ON.
1964   Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA.
1963   Canadian Art Today; University of Waterloo Gallery, ON.
1962   Joyce Wieland exhibitions in 1962
Drawings by Michael Snow and Joyce Wieland; Hart House Gallery, University of Toronto, ON.
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON.
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, USA.
19 Canadian Painters; J.B. Speed art Museum, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
1961 - 1962   Dada: Dennis Burton, Arthur Coughtry, Greg Curnoe, Richard Gorman, Gordon Raynor, Michael Snow, Joyce Wieland; Isaacs Gallery, Toronto, ON.
1961   12th Annual Winter Exhibition; Art Gallery of Hamilton, ON.
Canadian Art Today; University of Waterloo Gallery, ON.
1960   Winnipeg Art Gallery, Manitoba.
1960   Here and Now Gallery, Toronto, ON.
Isaacs Gallery, Toronto ON.
1959   Gordon Raynor and Joyce Wieland; Greenwich Gallery, Toronto, ON.
76th Annual Spring Exhibition; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, QC.
1957 - 1958   Society of Cooperative Artists, Toronto, ON.
1957   Gallery of Contemporary Art, Toronto, ON.
  Crown Life, Toronto, ON.
  Reed Paper, Toronto, ON
  Brascan Ltd., Toronto, ON.
  Magnasonic Ltd., Toronto, ON.
  The Gallery, Stratford, ON.
  McIntosh Art Gallery, University of Western Ontario, London, ON.
  Owens Art Gallery, Sackville, NB.
  Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, ON.
  Art Gallery of Brant, Brantford, ON
  Ministry of Industry and Tourism, Canada.
  Toronto Dominion Bank, Canada.
  MacDonald Stewart Art Centre, Guelph, ON.
  City Trust, Vancouver, BC.
  London Regional art Gallery, London, ON.
  Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto ON
  Dalhousie University Art Gallery, Halifax, NS.
  Vancouver Art Gallery, BC.
  Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, QC.
  Winnipeg Art Gallery, Manitoba.
  Confederation Art Gallery, Charlottetown, PEI.
  Edmonton Art Gallery, Alberta.
  McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.
  Art Gallery of Windsor, ON.
  Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, ON.
  The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON.
  The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  Philadelphia Museum of Art.
  Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston, ON.
  Art Gallery at Yale University.
  Art Gallery at Princeton University.
  Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, ON.
  Norcen Energy Resources, Toronto, ON.
  Right Honourable Pierre Trudeau, Ottawa, ON.
  Northern Telecommunications, Toronto, ON.