Joan Miró (Spanish, 1893–1983) spent a few years in technical school as a teenager before he began his artistic career. He trained at Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915, after which he had his first solo show in Barcelona at the gallery of José Dalmau in 1918. Starting in 1920, Miró divided his time between Montroig, Spain, and Paris, where he commingled with poets such as Max Jacob, and took part in Dada activities. Dalmau organized a solo show for Miró in Paris at the Galerie la Licorne in 1921, and in 1924, Miró joined the Surrealist movement. The consistently Abstract nature of his works, such as The Birth of the World (1925) blended well with the dream-like ambiance of Surrealism.

After a trip to the Netherlands in 1928, Miró created the series Dutch Interiors, in which amorphous forms entered into his work. On October 12, 1929, he married Pilar Juncosa in Palma de Mallorca, and then moved to Paris. During this period, he rebelled against painting, and produced wood reliefs, assemblages, and collages. Although he was living in France, the influence of the Spanish Civil War can be observed in the intense color and strong imagery of Still-life with an Old Shoe (1937). Experimentation continued in Miró’s work until his death in 1983. His wide body of work included ceramics, various prints, drawing, and sculpture. Major projects include the 1958 ceramic murals The Sun and The Moon for the UNESCO building in Paris. He collaborated with Josep Llorens Artigas, and was awarded the Guggenheim Foundation’s Grand Prize. This collaboration can been seen in the artwork called Miró Artigas. Numerous retrospectives of his works have taken place during his lifetime and after.

Read more about Joan Miró here.

Timeline

1893
Born in Barcelona, Spain
1907–1910
Enrolled at the School of Commerce and also attended classes at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts, Barcelona, Spain
1913
Enrolled in the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc, Barcelona, Spain
1912–1915
Attended the school of art run by Francesc Galí, Barcelona, Spain
1918
Formed part of the Agrupació Courbet together with Josep Llorens Artigas, J.F. Ràfols, E.C. Ricart, Rafael Sala, Francesc Domingo and Marià Espinal
1919
Met Pablo Picasso in Paris, France
1920
Participated in Dadaist manifestations
1926
Diaghilev commissioned Miró and Ernst to design the sets and costumes for the ballet Romeo and Juliet to be performed by the Ballets Russes
1933
Publication of Enfances by Georges Hugnet, the first book illustrated by Miró with etchings
1936–1940
Lived with his wife and daughter in Paris, France
1947
First trip to the United States, where he produces a mural painting for the Gourmet Room at the Terrace Plaza Hotel in Cincinnati, OH
1958
Recipient, Guggenheim International Award for two murals for UNESCO in Paris, France
1980
Recipient, Gold Medal for Fine Arts awarded by King Juan Carlos
1983
Died in Palma, Majorca

Exhibitions

2013
Midnight Party - Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Modern Print Masters Stock - The Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire (Scotland)
Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC
Société Anonyme: Modernism for America - Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
2012
Joan Miro - Kreeger Museum, Washington, DC
Galerie Boisserée Joan Miró - Graphische Werke, Mischtechniken und bibliophile Bücher aus fünf Jahrzehnten - Galerie Boisserée, Cologne Send message
2011
Joan Mirò - Galleria Bellinzona, Milan
Miró - Tate Modern, London (England)
Joan Miró - EMMA - Espoo Museum of Modern Art, Espoo
2010
Miró: The Dutch Interiors - The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
Joan Miró - Graphikmuseum Pablo Picasso Münster, Münster
2009
Joan Miro - Il Colore Dei Sogni - Galleria Guastalla Centro Arte, Livorno
2008
The Hands of Art, Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent, Belgium
2007
Le Corps et son double, Galerie Jeanne-Bucher, Paris, France
2006
Tapestries, Bass Muesum of Art, Miami, FL
2005
Picasso to Plensa: A Century of Art in Spain, Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, NM
2004
VIDEO ROSSO, Galleria Edieuropa, Rome, Italy
2003
Collagen, Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
2002
Passioni D'Art, Museo d'Arte Moderna, Lugano, Switzerland
2001
Kunst aus Spanien, Galerie Ruf, Munich, Germany
2000
Master - Prints, Fischer Kunsthandel & Edition, Berlin, Germany
1983
Joan Miró: A Ninetieth-Birthday Tribute, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1983
Joan Miró: anys 20. Mutació de la realitat, Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
1978
Retrospective exhibition at the Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, Spain
1976
Official opening of the Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
1969
Miró otro, College of Architects, Barcelona, Spain
1967
Ceramic mural installation, produced in collaboration with Josep Llorens Artigas, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1966
Retrospective exhibition at the National Museum of Art, Tokyo and in Kyoto, Japan
1964–1965
Retrospective at the Tate Gallery in London, UK and at Kunsthaus de Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
1962
Retrospective exhibition at the Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
1957
Retrospective of the graphic works at the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum of Krefeld. Exhibition presented in Berlin, Munich, Cologne, Hanovre and Hamburg, Germany
1956
Retrospective, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1948
First solo exhibition at the Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
1941
First large retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1932
First one-man show at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
1930
First one-man show in the United States, at the Valentine Gallery, New York, NY
1925
First solo exhibition at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, France
1921
First solo exhibition at the Galerie La Licorne, Paris, France

Public Collections

Reina Sofía National Museum, Madrid, Spain
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Pilar & Joan Miro Foundation and Museum, Mallorca, Spain
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA