Joan Miró (Spanish, 1893–1983) spent a few years in technical school as a teenager before he began his artistic career. He trained at Francesc Galí’s Escola d’Art in Barcelona from 1912 to 1915, after which he had his first solo show in Barcelona at the gallery of José Dalmau in 1918. Starting in 1920, Miró divided his time between Montroig, Spain, and Paris, where he commingled with poets such as Max Jacob, and took part in Dada activities. Dalmau organized a solo show for Miró in Paris at the Galerie la Licorne in 1921, and in 1924, Miró joined the Surrealist movement. The consistently Abstract nature of his works, such as The Birth of the World (1925) blended well with the dream-like ambiance of Surrealism.

After a trip to the Netherlands in 1928, Miró created the series Dutch Interiors, in which amorphous forms entered into his work. On October 12, 1929, he married Pilar Juncosa in Palma de Mallorca, and then moved to Paris. During this period, he rebelled against painting, and produced wood reliefs, assemblages, and collages. Although he was living in France, the influence of the Spanish Civil War can be observed in the intense color and strong imagery of Still-life with an Old Shoe (1937). Experimentation continued in Miró’s work until his death in 1983. His wide body of work included ceramics, various prints, drawing, and sculpture. Major projects include the 1958 ceramic murals The Sun and The Moon for the UNESCO building in Paris. He collaborated with Josep Llorens Artigas, and was awarded the Guggenheim Foundation’s Grand Prize. This collaboration can been seen in the artwork called Miró Artigas. Numerous retrospectives of his works have taken place during his lifetime and after.

Read more about Joan Miró here.


Born in Barcelona, Spain
Enrolled at the School of Commerce and also attended classes at the School of Industrial and Fine Arts, Barcelona, Spain
Enrolled in the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc, Barcelona, Spain
Attended the school of art run by Francesc Galí, Barcelona, Spain
Formed part of the Agrupació Courbet together with Josep Llorens Artigas, J.F. Ràfols, E.C. Ricart, Rafael Sala, Francesc Domingo and Marià Espinal
Met Pablo Picasso in Paris, France
Participated in Dadaist manifestations
Diaghilev commissioned Miró and Ernst to design the sets and costumes for the ballet Romeo and Juliet to be performed by the Ballets Russes
Publication of Enfances by Georges Hugnet, the first book illustrated by Miró with etchings
Lived with his wife and daughter in Paris, France
First trip to the United States, where he produces a mural painting for the Gourmet Room at the Terrace Plaza Hotel in Cincinnati, OH
Recipient, Guggenheim International Award for two murals for UNESCO in Paris, France
Recipient, Gold Medal for Fine Arts awarded by King Juan Carlos
Died in Palma, Majorca


Midnight Party - Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Modern Print Masters Stock - The Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire (Scotland)
Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC
Société Anonyme: Modernism for America - Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Joan Miro - Kreeger Museum, Washington, DC
Galerie Boisserée Joan Miró - Graphische Werke, Mischtechniken und bibliophile Bücher aus fünf Jahrzehnten - Galerie Boisserée, Cologne Send message
Joan Mirò - Galleria Bellinzona, Milan
Miró - Tate Modern, London (England)
Joan Miró - EMMA - Espoo Museum of Modern Art, Espoo
Miró: The Dutch Interiors - The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
Joan Miró - Graphikmuseum Pablo Picasso Münster, Münster
Joan Miro - Il Colore Dei Sogni - Galleria Guastalla Centro Arte, Livorno
The Hands of Art, Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent, Belgium
Le Corps et son double, Galerie Jeanne-Bucher, Paris, France
Tapestries, Bass Muesum of Art, Miami, FL
Picasso to Plensa: A Century of Art in Spain, Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, NM
VIDEO ROSSO, Galleria Edieuropa, Rome, Italy
Collagen, Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
Passioni D'Art, Museo d'Arte Moderna, Lugano, Switzerland
Kunst aus Spanien, Galerie Ruf, Munich, Germany
Master - Prints, Fischer Kunsthandel & Edition, Berlin, Germany
Joan Miró: A Ninetieth-Birthday Tribute, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Joan Miró: anys 20. Mutació de la realitat, Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
Retrospective exhibition at the Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, Spain
Official opening of the Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
Miró otro, College of Architects, Barcelona, Spain
Ceramic mural installation, produced in collaboration with Josep Llorens Artigas, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Retrospective exhibition at the National Museum of Art, Tokyo and in Kyoto, Japan
Retrospective at the Tate Gallery in London, UK and at Kunsthaus de Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Retrospective exhibition at the Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
Retrospective of the graphic works at the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum of Krefeld. Exhibition presented in Berlin, Munich, Cologne, Hanovre and Hamburg, Germany
Retrospective, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
First solo exhibition at the Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
First large retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
First one-man show at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
First one-man show in the United States, at the Valentine Gallery, New York, NY
First solo exhibition at the Galerie Pierre, Paris, France
First solo exhibition at the Galerie La Licorne, Paris, France

Public Collections

Reina Sofía National Museum, Madrid, Spain
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Pilar & Joan Miro Foundation and Museum, Mallorca, Spain
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA