Jean Dubuffet  (French, 1901-1985) 

Resisting an accepted aesthetic his entire career, Jean Dubuffet (French, 1901–1985) is considered one of the pioneers of the Art Brut movement. Born into a well-off family in Le Havre, France, Dubuffet left home at age 17 to study art in Paris. After completing his studies, he stopped painting and spent the next 20 years as a wine merchant, factory worker, and soldier, none of which ended successfully.

He returned to painting at the age of 41, spending the next 40 years in a state of prolific creation working in various avant-garde styles and embracing obscure materials in his art. While working in Paris, he befriended some of the most outspoken intellectuals of the day including the poet Henri Michaux (Belgian, 1899–1984) and the critic Jean Paulhan (French, 1884–1968), both influential in his artistic discovery. In 1951 he delivered his famous lecture, Anticultural Positions, in which he promoted the values of savagery and madness as a way of escaping from the false artistic values revered in Western Society. Throughout the 1950s, he continued to experiment with raw materials in his art as a way of engaging the primitive values to which he sought to return. In 1962, Dubuffet developed his famous Hourloupe style, producing many works including several large sculptures that are among his most widely-known today. He continued to paint and draw throughout his declining health, working in Paris until his death in 1985.

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Jean Dubuffet, Adhésion au Mur (trail proof)


Jean Dubuffet
Adhésion au Mur (trail proof)

R. S. Johnson Fine Art
Jean Dubuffet, Personnage coiffe d'un chapeau dans un paysage


Jean Dubuffet
Personnage coiffe d'un chapeau dans un paysage

Auction: Apr 27, 2014
Perrin, Royere, Lajeunesse - Versailles Enchères
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Jean Dubuffet, Personnage (Eg 1.)


Jean Dubuffet
Personnage (Eg 1.)

Auction: Apr 27, 2014
Perrin, Royere, Lajeunesse - Versailles Enchères
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Jean Dubuffet, Territoire et paysan


Jean Dubuffet
Territoire et paysan

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Jean Dubuffet, Le fugitif (in 2 parts)


Jean Dubuffet
Le fugitif (in 2 parts)

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Jean Dubuffet, Quatre personnages


Jean Dubuffet
Quatre personnages

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Jean Dubuffet, Site aléatoire avec 2 personnages


Jean Dubuffet
Site aléatoire avec 2 personnages

Antoine Helwaser Gallery
Jean Dubuffet, Paysage avec un  personnage


Jean Dubuffet
Paysage avec un personnage

Galerie Daniel Varenne
Jean Dubuffet, Le Vizir


Jean Dubuffet
Le Vizir

Jane Kahan Gallery
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Jean Dubuffet, Sol mitraille


Jean Dubuffet
Sol mitraille, 1958


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Jean Dubuffet, Sol becqutè


Jean Dubuffet
Sol becqutè, 1958


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Jean Dubuffet, La marée l'Hourloupe


Jean Dubuffet
La marée l'Hourloupe


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1901   Born in Le Havre, France on July 31st
1918   Studied at the Académie Julien, Paris, France
1925   Returned to Le Havre after military service and trip to Italy. Worked initially as a wine merchant.
1933   Returned to painting, though only temporarily
1942   Finally decided to dedicate entire attention to art
1985   Died in Paris, France on May 12th
2013   Chaissac-Dubuffet, entre plume et pinceau, Musee de la Postre, Paris, France
2011   Galerie Karsten Greve, Paris, France
2008   Post-War Dutch, Paol & Co. Fine Art, Maastricht
2007   Die aufregende Kunst des 20. Jahrhundderts, Neue Nationalgerlie, Berlin
2006   Classics, Sara Hilden Museum, Tampere, Finland
2005   Accrochage, Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, NY
2004   Modern Means: Continuity and Change in Art from 1880 to the Present, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
2002   20 years Galerie Steinek, Vienna, Austria (group)
2000   Face the face, Galerie Steinek, Vienna, Austria (group)
1991   Lithografien aus 1991, Galerie Steinek, Vienna, Austria (solo)
1987   Lithografien 1950-1960, Galerie Steinek, Vienna, Austria (solo)
1984   Venice Biennale, French Pavillon Venice, Italy
1983   Collagen und Zeichnungen, Galerie Steinek, Vienna, Austria (solo)
1969 - 1972   Groupe de Quatre Arbres at Chase Manhattan Plaza downtown, New York, NY
1966 - 1967   Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1966   Retrospective, Tate Gallery London, England
1966   Retrospective, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Holland
1964   Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
1962   Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Retrospective. The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1960 - 1961   Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France.
1957   Retrospective. Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany
1954   Retrospective. Cercle Volney
1947   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
1944   René Drouin Gallery, Paris, France (First solo exhibition)
1967    Prospectus et tous écrits suivants. Dubuffet.