Jean Paul Riopelle  (Canadian, 1923-2002) 

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Jean-Paul Riopelle (Canadian, 1923–2002) was a leading member of the European Abstract Expressionist movement. Born in Montreal, Riopelle studied both traditional and avant-garde painting, before fully embracing the avant-garde in the late 1940s and joining the Canadian group Les Automatistes, who were influenced by Surrealism and their practice of automatism. Riopelle moved to Paris in 1949, and painted abstract, open compositions placing him amidst a “second generation” of Abstract Expressionist painters in Europe. He created his series of “mosaic” works in the 1950s, using a palette to plaster paint across the canvas in blocks of juxtaposed color.

For several decades Riopelle had a strong but turbulent relationship with fellow Abstract painter Joan Mitchell (American, 1925–1992), which ended in 1976. His paintings became even looser and more free-form, and he began exploring other mediums, including printmaking, collage, and sculpture. He created several large-scale sculptures in 1969, including a fountain paying tribute to Canadian hockey players that is now displayed in Montréal’s Olympic Stadium. Riopelle returned to Canada on a regular basis in the 1970s, creating works drawing inspiration from Canadian landscapes. He later continued to experiment with unconventional painting methods, including spray paint and emphasis on negative space. In 1962, Riopelle exhibited work at the Venice Biennale, and was awarded the UNESCO prize. Several retrospectives have been held of his work, including exhibitions at the Centre Pompidou in Paris and at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. Riopelle spent his final years living north of Quebec in Île-aux-Grues, Canada; he died in 2002, at 79 years old.

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Jean Paul Riopelle, L'heure feu follet

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
L'heure feu follet
1956

Auction: Apr 27, 2014
Perrin, Royere, Lajeunesse - Versailles Enchères
View Details | entire auction
Jean Paul Riopelle, Les oies

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Les oies
1989

Auction: Apr 27, 2014
Perrin, Royere, Lajeunesse - Versailles Enchères
View Details | entire auction
Jean Paul Riopelle, Pleine saison

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Pleine saison
1954

Heffel Fine Art
Jean Paul Riopelle, Sans titre

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Sans titre
1976

Galerie Simon Blais
Jean Paul Riopelle, Sans titre

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Sans titre
1976

Galerie Simon Blais
Jean Paul Riopelle, Sans titre

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Sans titre
1976

Galerie Simon Blais
Jean Paul Riopelle, Sans titre

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Sans titre
1976

Galerie Simon Blais
Jean Paul Riopelle, Sans titre

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Sans titre
1946

Galerie Simon Blais
Jean Paul Riopelle, Triptyque à St-Cyr

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Triptyque à St-Cyr
1977

Galerie Simon Blais
Past auction results (1670)  View All
Jean Paul Riopelle, Lied A Emile Nelligan, pl.8

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Lied A Emile Nelligan, pl.8, 1979
lithograph

 

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Jean Paul Riopelle, Lied A Emile Nelligan, pl.3

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Lied A Emile Nelligan, pl.3, 1979
lithograph

 

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Jean Paul Riopelle, Saint-Paul VII

 

Jean Paul Riopelle
Saint-Paul VII, 1973-1976
etching

 

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1923   Born: in Montreal, Canada
1938   Studied architecture at École Polytechnique, Montreal, Canada
1942 - 1944   Studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, Canada
1943 - 1945   Part of the Canadian art group "the Automatistes"
1945   Graduated from École du Meuble, Montreal, Canada
Began studying under instructor Paul Emile Bourdas
1946   Moved to Paris, France and befriended Alberto Giacometti, Joan Miro, Samuel Beckett, Andre Breton and Marcel Duchamp
1948   Brief return to Canada, co-founder of Refus Global
1955   Received honorable mention at the São Paulo Biennial
1958   Awarded a Guggenheim International Prize
1962   Awarded the UNESCO Prize at the Venice Biennale
1969   Received the Order of Canada
1973   Received the Philippe Hébert Prize
1974   Divided his time between St. Marguerite in Quebec and Saint-Cyr-en-Arthies in France
1955 - 1979   Lover and companion of Joan Mitchell, an important figure in the second generation of American Abstract Expressionists. They lived together in Paris for most of the 1950s and 1960s.
1981   Awarded the ‘Prix Paul-Émile Borduas’ in honour of his body of work
1988   Received the Grand Prix de la Ville de Paris
2002   Died: in Quebec, Canada
2010   "Riopelle", Musée Maillol, Paris, France (solo)
2009   "Riopelle. Au dela du all-over: les années soixante", Galerie Simon Blais, Montreal, Canada (solo)
"Riopelle: Grands Formats", Acqavella Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
"Riopelle", Galerie Jean Fournier, Paris, France (solo)
2006   "Variation autour de Jean-Paul Riopelle", Galerie Orange & Parisian Laundry, Montreal, Canada (solo)
2005   "Retrospective", Galerie Orange, Montreal, Canada (solo)
"Estampes et Mutations", Galerie Simon Blais, Montreal, Canada
2004   "Pastels: 1962 - 1976", Galerie Simon Blais, Montreal, Canada
2000   "Works on Paper", Galerie Valentin, Montreal, Canada
"Jean-Paul Riopelle: Oils and Works on Paper 1946-1970", Gimpels Fils in London, London, UK (solo)
1996   "Les plus belles estampes 1966-95", Simon Blais Gallery Montreal, Canada
1992   Villa Bagatelle, Quebec, Canada
1991   "Retrospective", Museum of Fine Arts Montreal, Canada
1989   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
Claude Lafitte Gallery, Montreal, Canada
1981 - 1982   "Rétrospective", National Museum of Modern Art Paris, France (solo)
1981   "Rétrospective", Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
Musee du Quebec, Canada
The Museum of Modern Art in Mexico City, Mexico
The Contemporary Art Museum in Caracas, Venezuela
Musée d'Art Contemporain in Montreal, Canada
1977   "Grands Formats: Retrospective", Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1976   Galerie Gilles Corbeil, Montreal, Canada
1972   Museum of Modern Art, Paris, France
1969   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
1967   "Retrospective", Quebec Museum Quebec, Canada
1966   Regular Exhibitions, Maeght Gallery, Paris, France
1965   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
1963   "Retrospective", National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Canada
Phillips Collection, Washington, DC
1962   "Retrospective", Venice Bienniale, Venice, Italy
1957   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1956   Gimpel Gallery, London, UK
Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY
1955   Sao Paulo Bienniale, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1954   Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Venice Bienniale, Venice, Italy
1953   "Younger European Painters", Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1949   Galerie La Dragonne in Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Nina Dausset in Paris, France (solo)
1947   "International surrealist exhibition", Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
  Selected Publi collections:
  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Musée du Québec, Quebec, Canada
Tate Gallery, London, UK
2004    Riopelle, Yseult. Jean Paul Riopelle Catalogue Raisonné, Tome 2. Montreal: Hibou Editeurs, 2004
2002    Viau, René. Jean-Paul Riopelle, la traversée du paysage. Canada: Leméac, 2002
1997    Bernier, Robert. Jean-Paul Riopelle, Les visions d'Amérique, 1997
1981    Jean-Paul Riopelle, Peinture 1946-1977. Edité par Michel Martin. Paris/ Grenoble: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1981
Robert,Guy. Chasseur d’images, Editions France-Amérique, Montreal, 1981
1972    Schneider, Pierre. Riopelle, Signes Mêlés. Paris: Maeght Editeur, 1972
1970    Robert, Guy. Riopelle ou la poetique du geste. Montreal: Les Editions de l’Homme,1970
1962    Jean-Paul Riopelle: Paintings and Sculpture. Edité par Charles F. Comfort. Venice, Italy: XXXI International Biennial of Art, 1962
Jean-Paul Riopelle: Painting and Sculpture/ Peinture et Sculpture. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1962
1956    Riopelle, Yseult. Jean Paul Riopelle: Catalogue Raisonné 1939-1953. Tome 1. Montreal: Hibou Editeurs, 1999