Jackson Pollock (American, 1912–1956), born in Wyoming, was a pioneering Abstract Expressionist painter. He moved to New York City in 1930 to study at the Art Students’ League, and spent the next two decades creating figural, landscape, and abstract paintings and drawings. In 1947, he began to experiment with pouring paint directly from the can, or with the assistance of sticks and other non-traditional materials, onto canvases placed on the floor, such as Number 28 These quickly iconic paintings generated enormous media attention, causing Pollock to become more and more withdrawn from the public eye.
In 1952, he abandoned his pouring paintings for a return to representational painting, which occupied the last four years of his life. A long-time abuser of alcohol, Pollock died in a single-car crash a mile from his home in 1956.