Jackson Pollock (American, 1912–1956), born in Wyoming, was a pioneering Abstract Expressionist painter. He moved to New York City in 1930 to study at the Art Students’ League, and spent the next two decades creating figural, landscape, and abstract paintings and drawings. In 1947, he began to experiment with pouring paint directly from the can, or with the assistance of sticks and other non-traditional materials, onto canvases placed on the floor, such as Number 28 These quickly iconic paintings generated enormous media attention, causing Pollock to become more and more withdrawn from the public eye.

In 1952, he abandoned his pouring paintings for a return to representational painting, which occupied the last four years of his life. A long-time abuser of alcohol, Pollock died in a single-car crash a mile from his home in 1956.

Timeline

1912
Born in Cody, WY
1918–1923
Lived in Northern California
1925–1929
Lived in Southern California, attended Manual Arts High School, Los Angeles, CA
1929
Moved to New York City, studied under Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York
1930–1934
Lived partly in the western United States
1935
Settled in New York
1938–1942
Worked for the WPA Federal Art Project
1945
Married Lee Krasner
1946
Moved to Springs, East Hampton
1951
First public viewing of Pollock film by Hans Namuth and Paul Falkenberg, with Music by Morton Feldman, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1956
Killed in a car crash in Springs, East Hampton, NY

Exhibitions

2009
Screenprints, Aurel Scheibler, Berlin, Germany
2008–2009
Action/Abstraction: Pollock, de Kooning & American Art 1940-1976, Saint Louis Art Museum, The Jewish Museum, New York
2008
Action Painting, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland
2008
Jackson Pollock: "Intaglios and Screenprints," Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York, NY
2007
Pollock Matters, Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY
2007
McMullen Museum of Art, Boston College, Boston, MA
2006
No Limits, Just Edges: Jackson Pollock Paintings on Paper, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
2006
Black Paintings, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany
2005
No Limits, Just Edges: Jackson Pollock Paintings on Paper, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin, Germany
2005
Jackson Pollock, Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York, NY
2003
Jackson Pollock - Blue Poles Number 11, 1952, NGV National Gallery of Victoria International, Melbourne, Australia
2003
The Screenprints: 1941-1951, Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York, NY
2003
Blue Poles Number 11, 1952, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
2002
Das MoMA in Berlin, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
2001
Claude Monet und die Moderne, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich, Germany
2000
The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
1999
Werke aus dem Museum of Modern Art, New York und Europäischen Sammlungen, Kunstsammlung NRW, Düsseldorf
1999
The American Century, Art & Culture 1900-2000 Part II, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
1998–1999
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, The Tate Gallery, London, England
1998
Out of Actions: Between Performance and the Object, 1949-1979, MOCA, Los Angeles, CA
1997–1998
Evolution and Revolution, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1996
Beat Culture and the New America: 1950-1965, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
1995
The New-Found Screen Prints, Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, East Hampton
1995
New Found Works, Jason McCoy, Inc., New York, NY
1995
Pollock/Siqueiros, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Germany
1994
The Thaw Collection: Master Drawings and New Acquisitions, The Pierpont Morgan Library New York, NY
1992
Pollock in the Mid-Forties: A Close-Up, Jason McCoy Inc. New York, NY
1990
Black Enamel Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
1989
Jackson Pollock: Paintings & Drawings 1934-1952, Anthony D'Offay Gallery London, England
1988
Jackson Pollock: Images Coming Through, Jason McCoy Inc. New York, NY
1982
Musée National d´Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
1980
Drawing Into Painting, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1968
Works on Paper, Wanderausstellung USA und Montreal
1967
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, CA
1964
Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, New York, NY
1964
documenta III, Kassel, Germany
1964
Bilanz Internationale Malerei seit 1950, Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland
1963
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
1961
Paintings, Drawings and Watercolors from the Collection of Lee Krasner Pollock, Marlborough Fine Art, London
1961
Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Kunsthaus, Zürich, Germany
1959
documenta II, Kassel, Germany
1958–1959
New American Painting, Wanderausstellung,Rome, Basel, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Berlin, London, Paris
1958
Kunsthalle Basel, Wanderausstellung, Hamburg, Rom, Amsterdam, London
1957
IV Bienal, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1956
XXVIII Biennale, Venice, Italy
1956
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1955–1956
Tendences Actuelles, Kunsthalle, Bern, Switzerland
1955–1956
50 Ans d’art aux États-Unis, Wanderausstellung Paris, Zürich, Barcelona, Frankfurt a.M., London, Den Haag, Vienna, Belgrad
1954
9 American Painters Today, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1954
Younger American Painters: A Selection, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1953
12 Peintres et Scuplteurs Américaines Contemporaines, Musée National d’art Moderne, Paris, Wanderausstellung Zürich, Düsseldorf,Stockholm, Helsinki,Oslo
1952
15 Americans, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1952
Regards sur la Peinture Américaine, Galerie de France, Paris, France
1952
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY and 1954, 1955, 1957
1952
Bennington College, Vermont, Lawrence Art Museum, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
1952
Studio Paul Facchetti, Paris, France
1951
American Vanguard Art for Paris Exhibition, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
1951
Surrealisme & Abstractie, keuze uit de Versameling Peggy Guggenheim, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Palais de Beaux Arts, Brusselsl, Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland
1951
Amerikanische Malerei und Graphik, 18.-20. Jahrhundert, Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin
1950
Amerika Schildert, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1950
Young Painters in U.S. & France, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY
1950
XXV Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy
1950
Museo Correr, Venice, Italy
1948
Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, and 1949, 1950, 1951
1948
XXIV Biennale di Venezia, La Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, Venice, Italy
1947
Large Scale Modern Painters, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1946
Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954
1945
Arts Club of Chicago, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, CA
1944
Abstract and Surrealist Art in the United States, Cincinnati Art Museum, Wanderausstellung
1944
Twelve Contemporary Painters, Wanderausstellung organisiert vom MoMA
1943
Spring Salon for Young Artist, Art of this Century, New York, NY
1943
Art of this Century, New York, and 1945, 1946, 1947