Horace Clifford Westermann (American, December 11, 1922–November 3, 1981) was a sculpture and printmaker best known for incorporating social commentary into his pieces. Born in Los Angeles, CA, he spent much of his early life in the Pacific Northwest. He originally attended the Los Angeles City College before leaving school to enlist in the military. During World War II, he served on the USS Enterprise as a Marine Corps gunner. After the War ended, he returned to the Pacific Northwest and worked for the railroad. In 1947, he moved to Chicago and enrolled at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. With Americans enlisting in the military to help with the Korean War, Westermann decided to reenlist with the Marine Corps. After his second tour of duty, Westermann went back to Chicago and finished a degree in fine arts.
Westermann frequently used his experiences in the military as inspiration for his work. Though he enlisted twice, he found that the things he experienced and saw during war times gave his work a slightly dark feel. One of his pieces, The Unaccountable, showed the globe associated with the Marine Corps atop a wood base. When the piece was sold in 2009, it broke the record for the largest sale price of a sculpture. Westermann also incorporated marquetry into his pieces, adding thin sheets of wood veneer to give his sculptures texture and more depth. His piece They Couldn't Put "Humpty Dumpty" Back Together Again utilized marquetry. As his popularity grew, Westermann developed a few famous fans. The rock band the Beatles even had him pose for the cover of their album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.
Westermann’s work is part of the public collections at several museums, including The Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, IL, The Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the Greenville County Museum of Art in Greenville, SC, and the Spencer Museum of Art in Lawrence, KS. He also exhibited his work at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City, NY, the Dilexi Gallery in Los Angeles, CA, and the Allan Frumkin Gallery in Chicago, IL. Westermann died in 1981 in Danbury, CT.