Henry Moore (British, 1898–1986) is often considered the foremost British sculptor of the 20th century. In 1919, he studied at the Leeds School of Art, and earned a scholarship to the Royal College in London in 1921. From 1925 until 1931, Moore taught at the Royal College, and in 1928, received his first commission. The project, which was a relief work for the London Underground Headquarters, illustrated Moore's interest in primitive art. Moore's style was inspired by Sir Jacob Epstein (British, 1880–1959) and Eric Gill (British, 1882–1940), among other British sculptors.

His works from the late 1920s demonstrate Epstein's influence, as well as Moore's appreciation of Mayan art. In 1933, Moore moved to the Chelsea School of Art. By the 1940s, he had established an international audience for his work, and in 1946, Moore visited New York for the first time for the start of a retrospective exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art. He was awarded the International Sculpture Prize at the Venice Biennale in 1948. From 1949 until 1956, he served as a Trustee of the Tate Gallery in London. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Moore continued to receive significant public and private commission offers from abroad. In 1972, one of Moore's most important and well-received exhibitions took place at Michelangelo's Forte di Belvedere near Florence. His sculptures, while usually abstract, often portray the human figure. Moore is perhaps best known for sculpting reclining figures and mothers with children. His works are displayed in many sculpture gardens and public locations around the world.

Timeline

1898
Born: Castleford Yorkshire, England
1919
Enrolled at Leeds School of Art
1921–1924
Royal College of Art in London
1924
Won travelling scholarship and went to Italy for six months
1928–1929
Received commission for first public sculpture: a figure on St James’s Park underground station in London
1925–1932
Taught sculpture at the Royal College of Art
1936
Participated in the International Surrealist exhibition in London
1932–1939
Taught sculpture at the Chelsea School of Art
1955
Made a Companion of Honour
1941–1956
Trustee of the Tate Gallery
1956
Trustee of the National Gallery
1957
Commission for the UNESCO building in Paris
1962
Commission forKnife Edge Two Pieces, for College Green, opposite the Houses of Parliament in London
1963
Received the Order of Merit
1967
Commission for Nuclear Energy for the University of Chicago
1986
Died: Much Hadham, Herfordshire, England

Exhibitions

2013
European Masters - Tasende Gallery - West Hollywood, West Hollywood, CA
Beyond Brancusi - Norton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA
NeuenGalerie - neu gesehen: Sammlung + documenta-Erwerbungen - Neue Galerie, Kassel
Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC
British and French Modernism - Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland
2012
Henry Moore - Late Large Forms - Gagosian Gallery , New York City, NY
Open Depot - Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg
Henry Moore - Late Large Forms - Gagosian Gallery, London (England)
2011
Henry Moore - Leeds Art Gallery, Leeds (England)
2010
55 JAHRE GALERIE KOCH – Meisterwerke der Bildhauerei - Galerie Koch, Hannover, Germany
Le Rêve - Der Traum - Motiv und Metapher - Kunstmuseum Bochum, Bochu, Germany
2009
Henry Moore and the Challenge of Architecture, Didrichsen Museum, Helsinki, Finland (solo)
Mother and Child: Henry Moore’s West Dean Tapestries, Figge Art Musuem, Davenport, Iowa
Moore in Ameirca, New York Botanical Garden, NY (solo)
Henry Moore Textiles, Dovecot Studios, Edinburgh, Scotland (solo)
2008
Henry Moore imaginary landscapes, Haus am Wladsee, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Moore and Mythology, Musée Bourdelle, Paris, France (solo)
Henry Moore: Master Printmaker - A Major Tour of Russia, 12 venues in Russia (solo)
2007
Moore at Kew, Royal Botantic Gardenks, UK (solo)
Good Form: The Goldschmidt Collection of (small scale) Sculpture, Scottsdale museum of Contemporary Art - SMoCA, Phoenix, AZ
Henry Moore: Natural Form, Tate Liverpool, Liverpoo, UK (solo)
Henry Moore: War and Utility, Imperial War Museum, London, UK (solo)
Henry Moore and the Challenge of Architecture, Kunsthal, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Power and Taboo: Sacred Objects from the Pacific, British Museum, London, Uk (solo)
2006
Henry Moore (retrospective), CaixaForum, Barcelona, Spain (solo)
Classics, Sara Hilden Art Museum, Tampere
2005
Dimensions, Winston Wachter Fine Art - New York, New York City, NY
Henry Moore: A Retrospective, Sao Paulo, Rio, Brasilia, Brasil (solo)
Henry Moore - Marlborough London, UK (solo)
2004
Cubism and its Legacy - The Gift of Gustav and Elly Kahnweiler, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, England (group)
2001–2002
Henry Moore, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
2000–2001
Moore in China, Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghia, China
2000
Works on Paper - Timothy Taylor Gallery, London, UK
1999
Petits Formats - Yoshii Gallery, New York City, NY
Sculpture from the New Europe: public sculpture for the 2 Germanies 1945-68 - Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, UK
1998
Giacometti to Judd: Prints by Sculptors - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1993
Modern Masters and the Figure: Picasso to de Kooning - Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA
1992
The Non-Objective World - Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK
1985
The Treasure Houses of Britain: 500 Years of Private Patronage and Art Collecting - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
1978
Aspects of Twentieth-Century Art I. Picasso and Cubism II. European Painting and Sculpture III. Henri Matisse: Cut-Outs - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
1956
Monumentality in Modern Sculpture - Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX
1942
First Papers of Surrealism - - Coordinating Council of French Relief Societies, New York City, NY
1938
Exposition Internationale du Surrealisme..., Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1936
International Surrealist Exhibition... New Burlington Galleries, London, IK
1932
Neue Englische Kunst - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Public Collections

Tate Modern, London, UK
Tate Britain, London, UK
Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, UK
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, UK
Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK
UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía MNCARS, Madrid, Spain
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Museo Botero, Bogota , Colombia

Literature

2007
Lewison, Jeremy, Henry Moore. Köln ; London : Taschen, 2007
1993
Fuller, Peter, Henry Moore. London : Methuen, 1993
1992
Mitchinson, David and Julian Stallabrass, Henry Moore. New York : Rizzoli, 1992
1988
Compton, Susan P., Henry Moore. London : Royal Academy of Arts, in association with Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988
1943
Grigson, Geoffrey, Henry Moore. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Eng. Penguin books, 1943