Henri Matisse  (French, 1869-1954) 

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Painter Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954) is one of the most prominent 20th century artists, best known as a founding member of the Fauvist movement, and for his modernist innovations in painting, sculpture, and his original cut-out papiers découpés. Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France, and attended law school in Paris before studying art at the Académie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. While first painting in a naturalistic style, he created increasingly experimental works after studying the art of the Impressionists, becoming familiar with Pointillism and other post-Impressionist idioms that dominated artistic discourse at the turn of the century.

Attuned to African and “primitive” art, Matisse began painting using bold colors in broad, flat applications of paint with bold outlines, which developed into his mature Fauvist style in the mid-1900s. He exhibited his work at the Salon des Indépendants and the provocative 1913 Armory Show in New York, and his work was sought after early on by collectors including the famed Gertrude Stein. Between 1914 and 1918 his work became increasingly angular and abstracted, at times displaying abrupt changes from naturalism to abstraction in a single work, executed using muted colors; this change in style was believed to be reflective of his reaction to WWI. From the 1920s on, Matisse divided his time between Paris and southern France, painting works with loose, fluid forms, vibrant patterns, and bright colors, working in set design and sculpture in addition to painting. After two operations in the 1940s, Matisse began to focus on cut paper techniques in collages he called papiers découpés, a method used in his Jazz series, as well as in designs for several chapels. Held in high critical regard during his lifetime, a retrospective of Matisse’s work opened in 1951 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, traveling all over the United States. In 1952, the Musée Matisse opened in Matisse’s French hometown of Le Cateau-Cambrésis, two years before the artist’s death in 1954.

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Henri Matisse, Head

 

Henri Matisse
Head
circa 1943

Gilden's Arts UK
Henri Matisse, The Horse, the Rider and the Clown (from Jazz)

 

Henri Matisse
The Horse, the Rider and the Clown (from Jazz)
1947

Gilden's Arts UK
Henri Matisse, STUDY OF HANDS, or “THE HANDS OF LYDIA”

 

Henri Matisse
STUDY OF HANDS, or “THE HANDS OF LYDIA”
1935

Side by Side Gallery Akim Monet GmbH
Henri Matisse, Nu

 

Henri Matisse
Nu
1948

Auction: May 16, 2014
Dobiaschofsky Auktionen
View Details | entire auction
Henri Matisse, Tête de Jeune Fille

 

Henri Matisse
Tête de Jeune Fille
1941

David Tunick, Inc.
Henri Matisse, The Sculpture of Matisse

 

Henri Matisse
The Sculpture of Matisse
1953

Auction: May 3, 2014
Dr. Andreas Sturies
View Details | entire auction
Henri Matisse, Branche de Fleur

 

Henri Matisse
Branche de Fleur
circa 1945

David Tunick, Inc.
Henri Matisse, Branche de Feuilles

 

Henri Matisse
Branche de Feuilles
1942

David Tunick, Inc.
Henri Matisse, Magnolia

 

Henri Matisse
Magnolia
1941

David Tunick, Inc.
Past auction results (9867)  View All
Henri Matisse, Cinquante Dessins (1 work)

 

Henri Matisse
Cinquante Dessins (1 work), 1920
etching

 

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Henri Matisse, Poèmes de Charles D'Orlans (set of 52 works)

 

Henri Matisse
Poèmes de Charles D'Orlans (set of 52 works), 1950
color lithographs

 

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Henri Matisse, Études pour la Vierge: One plate

 

Henri Matisse
Études pour la Vierge: One plate, 1950-1951
lithograph

 

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1869   Born: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
1882 - 1887   Attended the College de Saint-Quentin and the Lycée Henri- Martin at Saint-Quentin, France
1887 - 1889   Studied law in Paris, France
1889   Studied drawing at the municipal Ecole Quentin de La Tour, a school of décorative arts, Saint-Quentin, France
1891   Studied at the Academy Julien with Gabriel Ferrier and Adolphe-W. Bouguereau
1892   Studied at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France
1895   Entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1896   Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1905   Worked with André Derain in the little coastal town of Collioure, France
1927   Won first prize at Carnegie International in Pittsburgh, PA
1950   Won Grand Prize at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1952   Matisse museum is inaugurated, Le Cateau-Cambresis, France
1954   Died:Cimiez, France
2010   Les photographes de Matisse, nouvelles acquisitions, Les photographies de Matisse à Tahiti, Musée Henri Matisse, Nice, France (solo)
2009   Matisse – Rodin, un parcours sans fin, Musée Henri Matisse, Nice, France (solo)
L’objet dans l’œuvre de Matisse, Musée Henri Matisse, Nice, France (solo)
2008   Henri Matisse: Prints and Bronzes from the Etta and Claribel Cone Collection, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC (solo)
2007 - 2008   Matisse : en pensant à René Char, Musée Henri Matisse, Nice, France (solo)
2007   Matisse - Painter as Sculptor, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD (solo)
Henri Matisse - Prints and Bronzes from the Permanent Collection, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC (solo)
Henri Matisse - The Thousand and One Nights, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg, PA (solo)
Picasso & Matisse, Andipa Gallery, London, UK
2006   Picasso Matisse: Prints and Drawings, Andipa gallery, London, UK
La Danza delle Avanguardie, Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Italy
Tapestries, Bass Museum of Art, Miami, FL
Matisse: A Figurative Femininity, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada (solo)
Stock 06/07/2006, Waddington Galleries, London, UK
Modern and Contemporary Masters, Richard Gray Gallery, New York, NY
French Master Drawings: From Manet and Degas to Matisse and Picasso, Statens museum for kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark
Matisse: Jazz, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD (solo)
2005   MATISSE &, Statens museum for kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Henri Matisse: Une Seconde Vie, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, LA (solo)
Matisse, His Art and His Textiles: The Fabric of Dreams, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK (solo)
Hommage à Matisse, Artiscope, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Henri Matisse: Prints and Bronzes from the Claribel and Etta Cone Collection, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC (solo)
Masterworks from The Phillips Collection, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
2004   Fauve Painting in the Permanent Collection, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Renoir to Matisse: The Eye of Duncan Phillips, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Matisse, Picasso: Lithographs & Etchings, Catherine Hodgkinson, London, UK
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)
Henri Matisse, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC; John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, CA (solo)
2003   Henri Matisse, Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia, Spain (solo)
Henri Matisse: Prints and Bronzes, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC (solo)
Old Masters, Impressionists & Moderns: French Masterworks from the Pushkin Museum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Classic to Modern: French Works on Paper, 1800-1950, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Matisse: Papiers découpés, Sammlung Berggruen, Berlin, Germany (solo)
Voyage into Myth: Gauguin to Matisse, Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Masterworks from El Greco to Picasso in The Phillips Collection, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
2002   Henri Matisse. Mit der Schere zeichnen, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt/Main, Gremany (solo)
Millet to Matisse, Speed Art Museum, Louisville, KY
Modigliani & the Artists of Montparnasse, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Gauguin to Matisse: French Masterpieces from Russias Hermitage Museum, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
Henri Matisse, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, Spain; Galerie Thomas, Munich, Germany (solo)
From Puvis de Chavannes to Matisse and Picasso, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
Matisse and Belfast, Ulster Museum, Belfast, Ireland (solo)
Henri Matisse/Ellsworth Kelly: dessins de plantes, Centre Pompidou, Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
2001   The Kindness of Friends: A Selection of Gifts of Drawings and Prints, 1919-2000, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
A Century of Drawing: Works on Paper from Degas to LeWitt, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Matisse: Espíritu y Sentido, Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Neo-Impressionism: The Circle of Paul Signac, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Grands maîtres des XIXe et XXe siècles, Galerie Schmit, Paris, France
The Global Guggenheim: Selections from the Extended Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
2000   Master-Prints, Fischer Kunsthandel & Edition, Berlin, Germany
Matisse: The Art of Drawing, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia (solo)
Matisse from The Baltimore Museum of Art, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada; Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO (solo)
Face to Face: Artists & Their Work, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Painters in Paris: 1895-1950, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY

1999   Matisse and Picasso, Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX
The Elise S. Haas Collection - Matisse and Other Modern masters, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
Do impresionismo ao Fauvismo. Colección Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza, CGAC - Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
1998   Recent Acquisitions and New Work, Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle, WA
Von Matisse bis Dali. Die Kunst zu Sammeln - Das Legat Georges F. Keller, Kunstmuseum Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Au fil du trait : de Matisse à Basquiat - Carré d´art, Musée d´art contemporain de Nîmes, Nîmes, France
The Origins of Modern Art in France - 1880-1939, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
Master Drawings of the Twentieth Century, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York, NY
Artists and Subjects: Picasso to Stella, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1997   L'última mirada, Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona, Spain
Encounters With Modern Art: Works from the Rothschild Family Collections, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
Etchings of the Twentieth Century, Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Objects of Desire: The Modern Still Life, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1996   Master Classes: What classifies an artist as a Master, Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle, WA
Masterpieces from the Guggenheim Museum, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
Manet bis Van Gogh - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany
1993   Modern Masters and the Figure: Picasso to de Kooning - Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA
1987   The Window in Twentieth-Century Art - Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX
1985   Les vingt ans du Musée à travers sa collection, Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
1981   Medio Siglo de Escultura: 1900-1945, Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain (solo)
1966   Matisse und seine Freunde – les Fauves - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
1953   Berggruen et Cie, Paris, France (solo)
Retrospective, The Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
1951   Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
1949   Pierre Matisse gallery, New York, NY
Musée National d' Art Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
1948   Retrospective, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1945   Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK
Retrospective, Salon d' Automne, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
1936   Paul Rosenberg Gallery, Paris, France
1931   Retrospective, Galeries Georges Petit, Paris, France (solo)
Kunsthalle, Basel, Switzerland
The Museum of Modem Art, New York, NY
1930   Retrospective, Thannhauser Gallery, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1927   Valentine Dudensing Gallery, New York, NY
1924   Retrospective, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Retrospective, Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
1921   Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France
1920   Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France
1919   Leicester Galleries, London, UK
Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
1915   Montross Gallery, New York, NY
1914   Gurlitt Gallery, Berlin, Germany
1913   Armory Show, New York, NY
Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
1910   Bernheim-Jeune Gallery, Paris, France (solo)
291 gallery, New York, NY
1908   291 gallery, New York, NY
Salon d' Automne, Paris, France
1906   Galerie Druet, Paris, France (solo)
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1905   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1903   Salon d' Automne, Paris, France
1902   Berthe Weill Gallery, Paris, France
1901   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1897   Salon of the Nationale, Paris, France
1896   Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
  SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS:
  The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA
Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX
Los Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Tate Britain, London, UK
Tate Modern, London, UK
Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain
The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
Musée d´Orsay, Paris, France
Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
Musée National de l´Orangerie, Paris, France
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts - Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
2006    Wright, Alastair. Matisse and the Subject of Modernism Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2006
2005    Spurling, Hilary. Matisse the Master: A Life of Henri Matisse, Vol. 2, The Conquest of Colour 1909 - 1954. London, Hamish Hamilton Ltd, 2005
1998    Spurling, Hilary Spurling. The Unknown Matisse: A Life of Henri Matisse, Vol. 1, 1869-1908. London, Hamish Hamilton Ltd, 1998
1984    Schneider, Pierre. Matisse. New York, Rizzoli, 1984
1979    Gowing, Lawrence. Matisse. New York, Oxford University Press, 1979