Henri Jean Guillaume Martin (French, 1943)

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin (French, 1860–1943) was a celebrated French Impressionist painter. Born in Toulouse, Martin studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Eugene Delacroix (French, 1798–1863). He then earned a scholarship to continue his studies in Paris under Jean Paul Laurens (French, 1838–1921). In 1883, Martin won a scholarship for a work shown at the Paris Salon, allowing him to travel to Italy. There, he studied classical Italian masters, and the light-filled Italian landscapes suffused much of his subsequent work.

Martin eventually returned to Paris and began painting in the Pointillist style, creating works of small, separated dots and strokes of color. In 1889, Martin again won a prize at the Paris Salon, and, in 1900, won first prize at the World Fair. Around this time, he began exhibiting his work at venues associated with the Symbolist painters. He was inducted into the Legion d’Honneur, and received commissions to decorate municipal buildings throughout France.

In 1900, Martin permanently left Paris, relocating to a Marquayrol, a country village in the South of France near Cahors. There, he continued to paint, creating pastoral scenes reflecting the beauty and tranquility of his natural surroundings. He often visited his childhood home of Toulouse, and captured its architecture and nearby forests in his later work.


Born August 5th in Toulouse
After winning the Grand Prix, moved to Paris where a scholarship enabled him to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Jean Paul Laurens
Exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais in Paris
At the age of 23, was awarded his first medal at the Paris Salon
Won a trip to Italy where he studied masters Giotto and Masaccio and, shedding his earlier academic approach, turned almost exclusively to landscape painting upon his return to France
Submitted a Pointillist style painting to La Fete de la Federation where he was presented with a gold medal
Exhibited in the first Salon de la Rose Croix
Featured work in the Munich Secessionist exhibition
Exhibited in La Libre Esthetique in Brussels; was named Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
Featured work in the Vienna Secessionist exhibition
Won the grand prize at the Exposition Universelle
Named Commander of the Legion of Honour
Became a member of the Institute