Henri Jean Guillaume Martin  (French, 1860-1943) 

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Henri Jean Guillaume Martin (French, 1860–1943) was a celebrated French Impressionist painter. Born in Toulouse, Martin studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Eugene Delacroix (French, 1798–1863). He then earned a scholarship to continue his studies in Paris under Jean Paul Laurens (French, 1838–1921). In 1883, Martin won a scholarship for a work shown at the Paris Salon, allowing him to travel to Italy. There, he studied classical Italian masters, and the light-filled Italian landscapes suffused much of his subsequent work.

Martin eventually returned to Paris and began painting in the Pointillist style, creating works of small, separated dots and strokes of color. In 1889, Martin again won a prize at the Paris Salon, and, in 1900, won first prize at the World Fair. Around this time, he began exhibiting his work at venues associated with the Symbolist painters. He was inducted into the Legion d’Honneur, and received commissions to decorate municipal buildings throughout France.

In 1900, Martin permanently left Paris, relocating to a Marquayrol, a country village in the South of France near Cahors. There, he continued to paint, creating pastoral scenes reflecting the beauty and tranquility of his natural surroundings. He often visited his childhood home of Toulouse, and captured its architecture and nearby forests in his later work.

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Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Saint-Cirq-Lapopie

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie
circa 1920

Waterhouse & Dodd
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Jeu de vagues sur des rochers de la cote bretonne

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Jeu de vagues sur des rochers de la cote bretonne
Daphne Alazraki Fine Art
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Le Vert en Aval de Labastide-du-Vert

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Le Vert en Aval de Labastide-du-Vert
MacConnal-Mason Gallery
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Woman seated by a River Bank

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Woman seated by a River Bank
circa 1894

James Butterwick
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Nasturtiums in Porcelain Cruets

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Nasturtiums in Porcelain Cruets
Trinity House
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Orphée (13)

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Orphée (13)
The Art Collection, Inc.
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Le Devot

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Le Devot
The Art Collection, Inc.
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Kleines Bergdorf, Austria

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Kleines Bergdorf, Austria
1889

Trinity House
Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Labastide-du-Vert

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Labastide-du-Vert
Abby M. Taylor Fine Art LLC
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Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Figure allegorique feminine ailée, étude pour le tableau Vers l'abime (study)

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Figure allegorique feminine ailée, étude pour le tableau Vers l'abime (study), 1897
oil on canvas

 

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Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Paysanne assoupie dans un intérieur

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Paysanne assoupie dans un intérieur
oil on canvas

 

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Henri Jean Guillaume Martin, Femme reveuse dans un paysage

 

Henri Jean Guillaume Martin
Femme reveuse dans un paysage
oil on canvas

 

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1860   Born August 5th in Toulouse
1879   After winning the Grand Prix, moved to Paris where a scholarship enabled him to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Jean Paul Laurens
1880   Exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Francais in Paris
1883   At the age of 23, was awarded his first medal at the Paris Salon
1885   Won a trip to Italy where he studied masters Giotto and Masaccio and, shedding his earlier academic approach, turned almost exclusively to landscape painting upon his return to France
1889   Submitted a Pointillist style painting to La Fete de la Federation where he was presented with a gold medal
1892   Exhibited in the first Salon de la Rose Croix
1893   Featured work in the Munich Secessionist exhibition
1896   Exhibited in La Libre Esthetique in Brussels; was named Chevalier of the Legion of Honour
1898   Featured work in the Vienna Secessionist exhibition
1900   Won the grand prize at the Exposition Universelle
1914   Named Commander of the Legion of Honour
1918   Became a member of the Institute
1943   Died
  Martin exhibited at all the major venues of the Symbolist painters: the first Salon de la Rose Croix in 1892; the Munich Secessionist exhibition of 1893, La Libre Esthetique in Brussels in 1896 and the Vienna Secessionist exhibition of 1898