Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1901)

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1864–1901) was loosely associated with the Post-Impressionist movement, and best known for his extensive work in lithography and poster art. He moved to Paris in 1882, to study under academic painter Fernand Cormon with fellow students Émile Bernard (French, 1868–1941) and Vincent van Gogh (Dutch 1853–1890). Toulouse-Lautrec set up a studio in Montmartre—an area of Paris infamous for its nightclubs—and began drawing its performers and the “low life” of Paris in the context of dance-halls, circuses, bars, and brothels.

Several posters feature the nightclub Moulin Rouge, including Jane Avril Leaving the Moulin Rouge (1892) and Au Moulin Rouge: la danse (1890). There are numerous portraits of the most famous performers of the day, such as La Goulue, Jane Avril and Yvette Guilbert. Toulouse-Lautrec experimented with a range of materials, such as oil, watercolor, and charcoal, but printmaking in particular allowed him to develop the flat planes of color and stylized shapes that made his posters ideal for modern media. Although Toulouse-Lautrec exhibited his work in numerous exhibitions, such as Les XX in Brussels, the Exposition du Petit Boulevard, and the Société des indépendants in Paris, his work was also published in magazines, advertisements, and theater programs.

Timeline

1864
Born in Albi, France
1872
Attends Lycée Fontanes in Paris
1881
Passes his baccalaureate in Toulouse, travels to Paris
1882
Entered studio of Léon Bonnat
1882–1886
Joined atelier of Fernand Cormon. Meets Louis Anquetin, Emile Bernard, and Vincent van Gogh
1901
Dies in Malromé, France

Exhibitions

2012–2013
Toulouse-Lautrec: Paris & The Moulin Rouge, National Gallery of Australia
2009
Feb. 1 - April 26, Toulouse-Lautrec and Paris, Clark Art Institute
2005
July 16 - Oct. 10, Toulouse-Lautrec and Montmartre, Art Institute of Chicago
2005
March 20 - June 12, Toulouse-Lautrec and Montmartre, National Gallery of Art
1898
Goupil Gallery, London
1897
Libre Esthetique, Brussels
1896
Joyant Gallery
1896
Poster exhibition in Reims
1895
Lithography Exhibition, School of Fine Arts in Paris
1895
La Libre Esthéthique (Free Aesthetics), Brussels
1893
First large private exhibition Boussod-Valadon gallery
1888
Vingt (the Twenties) exhibition in Brussels